Wills, Trusts & Estates Prof Blog

Editor: Gerry W. Beyer
Texas Tech Univ. School of Law

Tuesday, October 8, 2019

California Legislature Cracks Down on Caregivers Who Marry Dependent Adults

AnnaCalifornia Governor Newsom signed Assembly Bill 328 on June 26, 2019 and will be effective on January 1, 2020, which hopes to close loopholes that allow scheming caregivers to marry the adults that are dependent on them. The Legislation creates a rebuttable presumption of undue influence in two scenarios: transfers to care custodians who Marry dependent adults and care custodians who make "omitted spouse" claims.

The Bill applies to “dependent adults,” who are defined as an adult of any age who cannot provide properly for his or her basic needs or who has difficulty managing his or her financial resources or resisting fraud or undue influence. If a donative transfer of property occurs or an instrument that does so is executed within six months of a caregiver marrying or cohabitating with a dependent adult, the caregiver must through clear and convincing evidence that there was no fraud or undue influence.

If there is no donative transfer or the newly minted spouse is not mentioned in the will, the caregiver was once allowed to claim an omitted spouse share of the decedent's estate. California law states that if a decedent does not update a will after a marriage, the omitted spouse is entitled to a third of the estate under California Probate Code section 21610 and section 21611. The Bill amends section 21611 so that care custodians who marry dependent adults cannot make “omitted spouse” claims if the dependent adult dies less than six months after the marriage occurred.

See Jeffrey S. Gavin, California Legislature Cracks Down on Caregivers Who Marry Dependent Adults, September 16, 2019.

Special thanks to Jim Hillhouse (Professional Legal Marketing (PLM, Inc.)) for bringing this article to my attention.


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