TortsProf Blog

Editor: Christopher J. Robinette
Southwestern Law School

Monday, November 24, 2014

Dagan & Dorfman on the Justice of Private Law

Hanoch Dagan & Avi Dorfman (Tel Aviv) have posted to SSRN The Justice of Private Law.  The abstract provides:

Private law is traditionally conceptualized around a commitment to formal freedom and equality, whereas critics of the public/private distinction (including lawyer-economists) construe it as merely one form of regulation.  We criticize the traditional position as conceptually misguided and normatively disappointing.  But we also reject the conventional criticism, which confuses a justified rejection of private law libertarianism with a wholesale dismissal of the idea of a private law, thus threatening to deny private law’s inherent value.

This Article seeks to break the impasse between these two positions by offering an innovative account of the justice that should, and to some extent already does, underlie the law of interpersonal interactions among private individuals in a liberal state.  Rather than succumbing to the unappealing adherence to formal freedom and equality, private law should openly embrace the liberal commitments to self-determination and substantive equality.  A liberal private law — our private law — establishes frameworks of respectful interaction conducive to self-determining individuals, which are indispensable for a society where individuals recognize each other as genuinely free and equal agents.

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