Tuesday, July 22, 2014

Mexico Withdraws Reservations to Several Human Rights Treaties

During the month of July, the State of Mexico has withdrawn its reservations to several human rights treaties, including three treaties adopted through the framework of the Organization of American States (OAS).  Earlier this month, Mexico deposited instruments with the OAS withdrawing the reservations Mexico had made to the Convention on the Status of Aliens, the Inter-American Convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons, and the Declaration Recognizing the Contentious Jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.  The withdrawal of the reservation to the Convention on the Forced Disappearance of Persons is in compliance with the decision of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in the Radilla Pacheco case.

In its press release, the IACHR stated that "this action broadens the potential for protecting the rights that have been internationally recognized by Mexico, and therefore constitutes an important step in Mexico’s commitment to the promotion and protection of such rights."  The IACHR also took this opportunity to reiterate its call to all the OAS Member States to ratify the instruments of the Inter-American human rights protection system, particularly the American Convention on Human Rights, and to accept the contentious jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human

Additionally, Mexico deposited instruments with the United Nations Secretary General withdrawing reservations to the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and their Families.  The withdrawal of these reservations widens protections for the expulsion of foreign persons and military justice. 

The withdrawal of these reservations is part of a package of human rights initiatives presented in October 2013 by Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and of the commitments made by Mexico related to its second-cycle review under the UN Universal Periodic Review Mechanism.



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