Monday, June 20, 2022

World Refugee Day 2022

WHOEVER. WHEREVER. WHENEVER. EVERYONE HAS A RIGHT TO SAFETY.

That is the UN Refugee Agency's theme for World Refugee Day 2022. 

Sadly, the number of refugees continues to grow year after year. In the words of Anthony Blinken, U.S. Secretary of State, we are experiencing "unprecedented humanitarian crises across the globe, resulting in the largest number of refugees in history. Last month, we reached the tragic milestone of more than 100 million people forcibly displaced worldwide."

In light of these crises, ask what you can do to assist refugees: make a donation, take a pro bono case, or engage in advocacy for refugees.

(cgb)

June 20, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, June 17, 2022

GLS Online Coference on Legal Education in Ukraine

Ukraine Flag JPEGThe Global Legal Skills Conference Committee is organizing a series of three virtual workshops to help raise awareness about how the war in Ukraine is impacting legal skills education in that country and to provide a platform to discuss ways we can help our Ukrainian colleagues through collaboration and networking.  

Each session will be two hours long -- an hour of presentation followed by an hour of discussion in break out rooms.

First Session: WHAT THE GLS COMMUNITY CAN LEARN FROM OUR UKRAINIAN COLLEAGUES AND HOW WE CAN HELP THEM

DATE/TIME: Thursday, June 30, 2022, 10:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. CDT.  

Click here to locate the specific day and time for your time zone.

Plenary session will feature:

  • Artem Shaipov,  Legal Advisor/Team Lead for Legal Education Reform, USAID Justice for All Activity in Ukraine
  • Serhiy Riznyk, Vice-Rector for Research, Teaching, and International Cooperation at Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Ukraine
  • Prof. Dmytro Boichuk, Head of the Center for Legal Education Quality Assurance at the Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University in Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Mariia Tsypiashchuk, Board Member of the Association of Legal Clinics of Ukraine, Head of the Pro Bono Legal Clinic of the National University of Ostroh Academy,Ukraine
  • Adil Abduramanov, President of the European Law Students’ Association in Ukraine.

Follow-up workshops will take place at the same time on:

  • Thursday, July 28, 2022 
  • Friday, August 26, 2022 

Attendance at each online session will be limited to 100 people, but a recording of the plenary presentations will be made available for those who cannot attend.

Please click here to register for the series.

Prof. Mark E. Wojcik, University of Illinois Chicago School of Law 

Artem Shaipov,  Legal Advisor/Team Lead for Legal Education Reform, USAID Justice for All Activity in Ukraine 

Prof. Kimberly Holst, Arizona State University Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law 

Prof. Lurene Contento, IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law 

Prof. David Austin, California Western School of Law 

June 17, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Turkmenistan Restricts Women's Appearance and Personal Freedoms

 

The Republic of Turkmenistan has introduced restrictions on women’s appearance and beauty culture, as well as on personal freedoms related to travel and access to abortion. The new rules were imposed after a new president of the country, Serdar Berdymukhammedov, took office, replacing his father, Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, who ruled Turkmenistan for 16 years.

Click here to read more about this development from the Law Library of Congress.

(mew)

June 17, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, June 6, 2022

Call for Presentations: Central States Law Schools Association Scholarship Conference

The Central States Law Schools Association (CSLSA) is returning to an in-person scholarship conference this fall for the first time in about three years.  This year’s CSLSA conference will be held in person at Washburn Law in Topeka, Kansas, on Sept. 9-10, 2022.

The CSLSA scholarship conference is a wonderfully supportive environment with excellent camaraderie in which you may present a project on any subject, at any stage of development, for feedback.

Submissions are being accepted through August 15 at this link. Registration is open via the same link.

The organizers have announced that the keynote speaker will be Quinton Lucas, Mayor of Kansas City, MO.

(cgb)

June 6, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, June 3, 2022

ICJ Judge Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade (1947-2022)

The International Court of Justice announced the passing of H.E. Judge Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade on 29 May 2022 in Brazil.

Judge Cançado Trindade had been a Member of the International Court of Justice from 6 February 2009. Having been re-elected on 6 February 2018, his latest term of office was due to expire in February 2027.

Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade was born in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, on 17 September 1947. He led an illustrious career in the fields of international law and human rights. After obtaining a Bachelors’s degree in law from the Federal University of Minas Gerais in Brazil, he pursued his Master’s and PhD in international law at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. He later obtained further honorary titles and prizes from various universities across Latin America, Europe, and Asia.

In his home country, he served as Legal Adviser to the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil from 1985 to 1990, and represented Brazil in a number of important regional and international conferences.

Judge Cançado Trindade was a member of the Commission of Advisors to UNESCO on the Right to Peace as a Human Right, a research supervisor for the project on International Humanitarian Law and Customary Law of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and an arbitrator of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes.

In Latin America, he notably served as a judge at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights from 1995 to 2008, having been elected its President from 1999 to 2004. He was also Executive Director of the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights from 1994 to 1996.

Judge Cançado Trindade served as a professor and lecturer at a number of renowned universities, academies, and institutes throughout his long career. He authored 78 books and some 790 monographs, contributions to various publications, as well as articles on international law.

He published in numerous countries and several languages. He also held various advisory functions
in international and regional organizations.
Judge Cançado Trindade also participated in a number of professional associations and learned societies in different capacities. In particular, he was a member of the Institut de droit international from 1997, and, from 2004, a member of the Curatorium of the Hague Academy of International Law. He was also Director of the Brazilian Journal of International Law from 1985, and Co-Director of the Brazilian Journal of Human Rights from 2001.

(Adapted from an ICJ press release)

(mew)

June 3, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Symposium on Early Career International Law Academia - Closing Event

The New Professionals Group of the American Society of International Law is hosting a virtual closing event for the Symposium on Early Career International Law Academia:

"Early career scholars in international law embark on a journey which has its very distinct and various challenges. The hierarchies of academic institutions, the political economy of modern universities, geographical location, language, race, gender, and mental health struggles are some of the issues of concern to junior legal researchers, and often even to those advanced in their career. These difficulties and uncertainties were a common meeting point for the conveners of the Symposium on Early Career International Law Academia. The symposium hosted by Opinio Juris and Afronomicslaw aimed to offer broad reflection and practical advice to junior international law researchers, to pass on the knowledge that the contributors gained with time and experience."

This Closing Event will offer a panel involving some of the contributors of the Symposium where the speakers will reflect on the posts in the series and will discuss common challenges of junior researchers around the world.

Speakers:Eliav Lieblich (Tel Aviv University)Frédéric Mégret (McGill University)Ntina Tzouvala (ANU College of Law)Tejas Rao (Cambridge University)Raghavi Viswanath (European University Institute)

Date and time: Wednesday, June 8, 2022 - 12:00pm to 1:30pm

Registration information may be found here.

(cgb)

June 3, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, June 2, 2022

New! Journal of Law Teaching and Learning

The Institute for Law Teaching and Learning is thrilled to be launching a new scholarly journal.  The Journal of Law Teaching and Learning will publish scholarly articles about pedagogy and will provide authors with rigorous peer review. We hope to publish our first issue in Fall 2023. 

If you have a scholarly article that might fit the needs of The Journal of Law Teaching and Learning, please consider submitting it through the Scholastica platform. 

More information about the Institution for Law Teaching and Learning may be found here.

(cgb)

June 2, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, May 21, 2022

Monkeypox

The World Health Organization (WHO) is working closely with countries where cases of the rare viral disease monkeypox have been reported, the UN agency said on Friday. The UN agency said in a statement that there were around 80 cases confirmed so far, across 11 countries, with a further 50 cases pending investigation.

Monkeypox occurs primarily in tropical rainforest areas of Central and West Africa, but outbreaks have emerged in other parts of the world in recent days. Symptoms include fever, rash, and swollen lymph nodes.

WHO said it was "working with the affected countries and others to expand disease surveillance to find and support people who may be affected, and to provide guidance on how to manage the disease." WHO stressed that monkeypox spreads differently from COVID-19, encouraging all people "to stay informed from reliable sources, such as national health authorities" on the extent of any outbreak in their own communities.

WHO said in an earlier news release at least eight countries are affected in Europe - Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

No travel link

Hans Kluge, Europe Regional Director for WHO, said the cases are atypical, citing three reasons. 

All but one, are not linked to travel to endemic countries. Many were detected through sexual health services and are among men who have sex with men.  Furthermore, it is suspected that transmission may have been ongoing for some time, as the cases are geographically dispersed across Europe and beyond.

Most of the cases are so far mild, he added.

“Monkeypox is usually a self-limiting illness, and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment,” said Dr. Kluge. “However, the disease can be more severe, especially in young children, pregnant women, and individuals who are immunocompromised.”

Working to limit transmission

WHO is working with the concerned countries, including to determine the likely source of infection, how the virus is spreading, and how to limit further transmission.

Countries are also receiving guidance and support on surveillance, testing, infection prevention and control, clinical management, risk communication and community engagement.

Concern over summer uptick

Monkeypox virus is mostly transmitted to humans from wild animals such as rodents and primates.   It is also spread between humans during close contact - through infected skin lesions, exhaled droplets or body fluids, including sexual contact - or through contact with contaminated materials such as bedding.

People suspected of having the disease should be checked and isolated.

“As we enter the summer season in the European Region, with mass gatherings, festivals and parties, I am concerned that transmission could accelerate, as the cases currently being detected are among those engaging in sexual activity, and the symptoms are unfamiliar to many,” said Dr. Kluge.

He added that handwashing, as well as other measures implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, are also critical to reduce transmission in healthcare settings.

Cases in other regions

Australia, Canada, and the United States are also among non-endemic countries that have reported cases of monkeypox.

The United States detected its first case for the year after a man in the northeastern state of Massachusetts tested positive on Tuesday following recent travel to Canada.

The US recorded two monkeypox cases in 2021, both related to travel from Nigeria.

(Adapted from a UN Press Release)

May 21, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, May 16, 2022

Investigating War Crimes in Ukraine

Investigators probing allegations of war crimes in the Ukraine conflict must work closely together and in compliance with international standards of forensic best practice, the United Nations' expert on extrajudicial, summary, or arbitrary executions said on Monday [May 16, 2022]. 

Special Rapporteur Morris Tidball-Binz called on the international community to step up support for Ukraine’s own investigations, and welcomed progress made so far by the Office of the Prosecutor General in ensuring perpetrators are brought to justice.

He also commended the international community’s swift mobilization in establishing mechanisms and initiatives to collect, document and preserve evidence of violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, including unlawful killings, committed during the Russian invasion of the country. 

Respect national ownership 

Mr. Tidball-Binz said these mechanisms can play a key role in supporting the work of the Prosecutor General’s Office, as well as other “accountability frameworks” such as the International Criminal Court (ICC) and national prosecutions by parties to the conflict and in States with universal jurisdiction. 

“It is therefore of paramount importance that the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine, which is leading the investigations in the country, receives all the support and resources necessary to ensure the adequate coordination of investigative efforts under its responsibility in Ukraine,” he said. 

The rights expert stressed that “to achieve progress and deliver tangible results,” this support must respect national ownership of investigative efforts, if in line with relevant international norms and standards. 

Proper coordination critical 

He warned that without coordination, “there is a considerable risk of overlap and duplication to the detriment of the effectiveness and efficiency of investigations."

For example, the identification of deceased persons requires proper the collection, analysis, and matching of information, he said. 

“Proper coordination can also prevent the re-traumatisation of victims and witnesses arising from being interviewed multiple times by different investigators, and ensure that interviews fit into the overall investigative strategy,” he added. 

Uphold international norms   

Furthermore, all investigations must conform to international standards, including the UN Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions

“International law requires that investigations be prompt, effective, thorough, independent, impartial and transparent,” he added. “To this end, proper coordination and adequate data management are fundamental requisites, particularly in complex cases, such as those under investigation in Ukraine.”  

Mr. Tidball-Binz, a medico-legal expert, explained that investigations of war crimes and crimes against humanity require multiple areas of expertise and specialised knowledge so that the high volume of sensitive and complex evidence can be adequately collected, documented and securely preserved.  

Dignity for victims 

Identification of human remains, and their dignified treatment, is paramount, and coordinating efforts is “absolutely essential,” he said, “for adequately resolving cases of enforced disappearances and preventing the dead from becoming missing persons.” 

He again urged all stakeholders to comply with applicable international norms and standards, and to actively coordinate among themselves, not only to avoid duplication but also in the best interest of the victims. 

The expert also underlined his readiness to assist and offer technical advice on these matters. 

Role of UN Rapporteurs 

Mr. Tidball-Binz was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council and is part of its Special Procedures mechanism, in which independent experts are given mandates to report on specific country situations or thematic areas. 

He is not a UN staff member and does not receive a salary for his work.

Adapted from a UN Press Release.

(mew)

May 16, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Workplace Rights in Central America

The U.S. Department of Labor has renewed partnerships with the governments of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras to strengthen collaboration with their U.S. embassies and consulates, and to provide information about laws governing workplace safety and health, wages and work hours, and other employment issues individuals from these countries face while working in the United States.

U.S. Deputy Secretary of Labor Julie Su joined El Salvadorean Ambassador Milena Mayorga, Guatemalan Ambassador Alfonso Quiñónez and Honduran Chargé d’Affaires Javier Bú at a signing ceremony at the Frances Perkins Building in Washington, the department’s headquarters. They signed letters of arrangement with the department’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration and Wage and Hour Division. They also signed partnerships with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the National Labor Relations Board.

“Our joint commitments with the governments of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras ensure that people from these countries working here in the U.S. are aware of the protections our nation’s labor laws provide, including the right to a safe and healthy workplace, and the right to be paid for all their hard-earned wages,” said U.S. Deputy Secretary Labor Julie Su. “They should also know that they have the ability to exercise their labor rights freely and participate in our country’s strong economy.”

Partnerships like these help the department enforce U.S. labor laws more effectively, especially in high-risk and low-wage industries where violations are more likely to occur. They also help the department’s enforcement agencies identify problems workers face to improve and target their outreach efforts.

“Hispanic communities contribute to the economies of both America and their countries of origin,” said the El Salvadorean Ambassador Milena Mayorga. “That is why it is important to use a variety of resources to educate workers and employers about enforceable labor rights.”

“The government of Guatemala looks forward to its partnership with the Department of Labor on ensuring that Guatemalan migrants in the U.S. work in a safe and healthy environment, are aware of their rights and those are respected while in the U.S.,” said Guatemalan Ambassador Alfonso Quiñónez. “We hope that through these partnerships we can work together to foster positive and meaningful relationships between workers and employers, and continue building bridges between our peoples to create more prosperity for our countries.”

“The partnership we are renewing [this week] is a clear example of goodwill, joint commitment, and efficiency in design of protection mechanisms in favor of the working sector of the migrant population in the United States,” said Honduran Chargé d’Affaires Javier Bú. “The agreements that we sign today make this association operational and have a clear focus on articulating efforts and aligning resources to promote respect for the rights of Honduran workers in this great country; it is the right and just thing to do, and it means a well-deserved recognition of the effort and sacrifice of our fellow migrants.”

Adapted from U.S. Department of Labor Press Release 22-812-NAT

(mew)

May 11, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, May 7, 2022

Germany Drops Requests for Preliminary Measures Against Italy in Response to New Italian Law

The public hearings on the request for the indication of provisional measures submitted by Germany in the case concerning Questions of Jurisdictional Immunities of the State and Measures of Constraint against State-Owned Property (Germany v. Italy), which had been due to take place on Monday 9 and Tuesday 10 May 2022, have been cancelled.

The International Court of Justice took this decision after receiving in the Registry a letter from the Agent of Germany informing the Court that, following recent judicial developments in Italy and discussions between the representatives of the two Parties, “Germany withdraws its Request for the indication of provisional measures."

In his letter, the Agent refers, inter alia, to the adoption of Decree No. 36 of 30 April 2022, published in the Italian Gazette on the same day and which entered into force on 1 May 2022.Germany understands from the Decree that “Italian law requires Italian courts to lift measures of enforcement previously taken, and that no further measures of constraint will be taken by Italian courts against German property used for government non-commercial purposes located on Italian territory."

It is also stated in the letter that “Germany agrees with Italy that the Decree . . . addresses the central concern” expressed in the request for the indication of provisional measures submitted by it.

Adaoted from a UN Press Release

(mew)

May 7, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, April 10, 2022

University of Cebu (Philippines) Wins 2022 Stetson International Environmental Moot Court Competition; Rare Final Round Pairing of The Philippines Versus The Philippines

20220409_164110Two law schools from the Philippines faced each other in the Final Round of the 2022 Stetson International Environmental Moot Court Competition, held in person this past week at Stetson University College of Law  in Gulfport, Florida.

The Stetson International Environmental Competition was founded 26 years ago by Stetson Professor Royal Gardner, who is pictured here with the winning team.

This year's problem involved in part the adequacy of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the construction of a hotel complex near a turtle nesting site. Pictured here with teams and final bench judges is also one of the sea turtles that would be affected by the construction of the hotel.

20220409_200318In the Final Round, the University of Cebu School of Law emerged victorious over the University of the Philippines College of Law.

Here is the final breakdown:

Winner:

  • Philippines: University of Cebu School of Law

Runner-up:

  • Philippines: University of the Philippines College of Law

Semi-Finalists:

  • Ireland: Law Society of Ireland
  • Singapore: Singapore Management University

Quarter-Finalists:

  • Brazil: Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie
  • Canada: St. Thomas University
  • Kenya: University of Nairobi
  • United States: University of Illinois Chicago School of Law

(mew)

April 10, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, April 9, 2022

University of Nairobi Wins Best Memorial at the 2022 Stetson International Environmental Moot Court Competition

20220409_200657Students at the University of Nairobi, Kenya took the First-Place Prize for the Best Memorial (Best Brief) in the 2022 Stetson International Environmental Moot Court Competition.

Second-Place Best Memorial went to Singapore Management University.

And the Third-Place Best Memorial went to the Law Society of Ireland.

(mew)

April 9, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Quarterfinalists Announced in the 2022 Stetson International Environmental Moot Court Competition

The following teams advanced to the Quarterfinals of the 2022 Stetson International Environmental Moot Court Competition being held in Gulfport, Florida:

  • Brazil: Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie
  • Canada: St. Thomas University
  • Ireland: Law Society of Ireland
  • Kenya: University of Nairobi
  • Philippines: University of Cebu School of Law
  • Philippines: University of the Philippines College of Law
  • Singapore: Singapore Management University
  • United States: University of Illinois Chicago School of Law

(mew)

April 9, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, April 8, 2022

Stetson International Environmental Moot Court Competition

20220408_103225The International Final Rounds of the 26th annual International Environmental Moot Court Competition are underway in person at the Gulfport, Florida campus of Stetson University College of Law.

Twelve teams from eleven countries are competing in these International Final Rounds:

  • Brazil: Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie
  • Canada: St. Thomas University
  • Colombia: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
  • Ireland: Law Society of Ireland
  • Kenya: University of Nairobi
  • Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
  • Philippines: University of Cebu School of Law
  • Philippines: University of the Philippines College of Law
  • Republic of Korea: Soongsil University College of Law
  • Singapore: Singapore Management University
  • United Kingdom: Institute of Professional Legal Studies at Queen's University Belfast, United Kingdom
  • United States: University of Illinois Chicago School of Law

20220408_122721Pictured above after one of the Preliminary Rounds are the teams from Colombia (Pontificia Universidad Javeriana) and the United States (University of Illinois Chicago School of Law). Also pictured in the team lounge are the teams from the United States and Kenya (University of Nairobi).

Congratulations to Professor Royal Gardner who started the competition 26 years ago and to Stetson University School of Law for its support of the competition.

(mew)

 

April 8, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, March 27, 2022

Legal Developments in Russia's Invasion of Ukraine

On March 16, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) granted Ukraine's request for provisional measures and ordered Russia to immediately suspend military operations in Russia. Despite Ukraine's emphasis regarding the urgency of the situation, the ICJ set the schedule for pleadings over the next year with Ukraine's Memorial due in September 2022 and Russia's Counter-Memorial due in March 2023. 

Will the Court's order make any practical difference? It can help to further mobilize the international community against Russia's invasion of Ukraine and bolster international criminal proceedings against President Putin and others who may be responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Ukraine.

The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has opened a criminal investigation and has called on the international community to assist in the collection of evidence of possible war crimes and crimes against humanity in Ukraine. Several states have offered financial and legal assistance. The ICC Prosecutor has pledged that President Putin will not act with impunity. 

(cgb)

March 27, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, March 8, 2022

Happy International Women's Day 2022

BreakTheBias-heroThe theme for International Women's Day 2022 is #BreakTheBias. Women have made so much progress in international law. There are women leaders in virtually every area of our society including in international law. We are inspired by the female judges on the International Court of Justice, led by President Joan Donoghue, the Director General of the World Trade Organization, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, and human rights activists such as Amal Clooney, among many others. Yet so much more remains to be done. 

"Imagine a gender equal world. A world free of bias, stereotypes and discrimination. A world that's diverse, equitable and inclusive. A world where difference is valued and celebrated. Together we can forge women's equality. Collectively we can all #BreakTheBias."

(cgb)

March 8, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, March 7, 2022

Ukraine v. Russia at the International Court of Justice

ICJThe International Court of Justice held an emergency hearing today on Ukraine's complaint against Russia under the Genocide Convention. Russia was a no-show. Ukraine is asking the Court to order Russia to halt its invasion and argued that Russia has already committed war crimes by targeting civilians, among other actions. Unfortunately, even if the Court does act quickly to order a suspension of armed hostilities, Russia is unlikely to comply. However, the Court ruling could give the U.N. Security Council additional justification for action despite any Russian objections.

(cgb)  

March 7, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, March 1, 2022

International Law Updates on Russian Invasion of Ukraine

There is so much happening in the Russian-Ukraine conflict right now, it is hard to keep up. But here are a few recent developments that may be of particular interest to international lawyers and international law scholars:

First, on February 26, Ukraine filed an application instituting proceedings against the Russian Federation at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for alleged violations of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Genocide Convention. The ICJ press release may be found here. Ukraine alleges that Russia has falsely claimed that Ukraine has committed acts of genocide in certain regions of Ukraine, using that to justify Russia's military intervention. Ukraine "emphatically denies" Russia's claims of genocide. Ukraine also alleges that Russia is planning acts of genocide in Ukraine and has requested provisional measures be ordered by the Court, specifically that the Court order Russia to immediately halt all military actions in Ukraine.

Second, Ukraine has filed an application to become a member of the European Union based on its commitment to European values. Pictures of Ukrainian President Zelensky have been circulated on social media showing him signing the declaration requesting membership.

Third, Ukraine has called on the United Nations to investigate war crimes by Russia. The U.N. Human Rights Council agreed yesterday to hold an emergency debate on the situation in Ukraine.

Fourth, the Prosecutor for the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced yesterday that he is opening an investigation into possible war crimes and crimes against humanity in Ukraine. Neither Ukraine nor Russia belong to the Rome Statute of International Criminal Court (ICC). However, Ukraine signed the ICC Statute and has submitted declarations accepting the ICC's jurisdiction over alleged crimes under the Rome Statute committed on its territory with respect to Russia activities there over the last decade.

(cgb)

March 1, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, February 24, 2022

Russia's Illegal Invasion of Ukraine

Ukraine flag-400Russia's invasion of Ukraine today has been appropriately condemned by NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg as a "grave breach of international law." The attack was "unprovoked" thus violating Article 51 of the United Nations' Charter which provides that armed force should only be used in individual or collective self-defense in response to an armed attack. Russia's "aggressive actions" also violate one of the core purposes of the U.N. Charter as set forth in Article 1: "To maintain international peace and security" against acts of aggression. Collective action to stop Russia's illegal activity is needed.

(cgb)

February 24, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)