Sunday, October 23, 2022

September 2022 Border Encounters Data, Migrants from Venezuela, Cuba, and Nicaragua Increase Encounters to Record Levels


Late this week, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) today released statistics for September 2022.  See here.

“While failing regimes in Venezuela, Cuba, and Nicaragua continued to drive a new wave of migration across the western Hemisphere, the number of Venezuelans arriving at the southern border decreased sharply nearly every day since we launched additional joint actions with Mexico to reduce irregular migration and create a more fair, orderly and safe process for people fleeing the humanitarian and economic crisis in their country,” said CBP Commissioner Chris Magnus. “Over the past week, the number of Venezuelans attempting to enter the country fell more than 80 percent compared to the week prior to the launch of the joint enforcement actions. While this early data is not reflected in the latest report, it confirms what we’ve said all along: when there is a lawful and orderly way to enter the country, individuals will be less likely to put their lives in the hands of smugglers and try to cross the border unlawfully.

“CBP and DHS will continue to work with our partners in the region to address the root causes of migration, expand legal pathways, facilitate removals, and take thousands of smugglers off the streets. No matter what smugglers say, those who do not have a legal basis to remain in the country will be removed and people should not make the dangerous journey.”


Elliut Spagat for the Associated Press reports that the "surge in migration from Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua in September brought the number of illegal crossings to the highest level ever recorded in a fiscal year, according to U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The year-end numbers reflect deteriorating economic and political conditions in some countries, the relative strength of the U.S. economy and uneven enforcement of Trump-era asylum restrictions."

Expect the latest data release to make an appearance in the public discussion of migration as the midterm elections approach.



October 23, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: A Child-Centered Approach to Representing Children in Immigration Legal Systems by Laila Hlass & Lindsay Muir Harris

HLASS Harris

A Child-Centred Approach to Representing Children in Immigration Legal Systems by Laila Hlass & Lindsay Muir Harris


As the number of accompanied and unaccompanied child immigrants migrating has increased, U.S. based non-profit organizations have developed practices specializing in representing immigrant children. Alongside this growing area of practice, scholars have written about the need for children to access lawyers in immigration proceedings, as well as how to incorporate best interest principles into immigration proceedings. However, little has been written specifically about how lawyers for immigrant children can best adopt a child-centered approach in their representation.

Children have different abilities than adults, impacted by their developmental stage, trauma history, and other experiences they have had relating to their identity. This impacts how they tell their histories, which is a critical part of seeking status and protection in immigration legal systems. Child-centered approaches are strength-based practices which promote participation and protection of young people, and necessarily challenge discrimination children face. We argue that child-centered representation must integrate critical lawyering, which includes anti-racism and trauma-centered lawyering practices to address immigrant children’s particular needs, promoting their participation, protection and anti-discrimination. Critical lawyering involves using an intersectional lens to collaborate with clients, communities, and colleagues “with an eye toward interrogating privilege differentials in these relationships and accounting for existing historical and structural biases.” Trauma-centered lawyering recognizes and accounts for the role that trauma plays in the lawyer-client relationship. A child-centered approach in representation should be integrated into every stage of lawyering for immigrant children, including all stages of representation such as interviewing, counseling, developing case theory, preparing applications, appearing in court, and direct examination. Ultimately, a child-centered approach utilizes core tenets of critical lawyering to zealously advocate for and ensure that children’s wishes are understood and communicated to decision-makers. This means ensuring children truly understand their rights and that they are meaningfully participating in their legal cases at every stage, free from external factors that a child may view as coercive.


October 23, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, October 22, 2022

Immigration a top issue among Latino voters weeks out from Election Day


Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Website

The 2022 mid-term elections loom large on the political horizon.  And many of the battles could be close in the fight to control Congress.  Might the Latino vote, which reports suggest is trending Republican, determine the outcome?

Boris Sanchez for CNN looks at the importance of immigration to Latino voters.  It is not as simple as one might think:  "With the midterm elections less than three weeks away, immigration remains a top issue among Latino voters – but views on legal and illegal immigration vary greatly.

. . .

While many Latino voters support a more “humane treatment” of migrants and creating a pathway to citizenship for the undocumented, Teixeira said there are many in the community who “are not really interested or delighted by the idea people can just pour across the border. … They also think we need more border security.”

While polls show the majority of Hispanics align with Democrats on immigration, the GOP has recently made significant gains, even while escalating the anti-immigrant rhetoric popularized by former President Donald Trump."  (bold added).


October 22, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

New York Times: "Trump Claims He Owns White House Pardon and Immigration Policy Records"


Official White House Photo

The Donald Trump saga continues.  And there is no end in sight.  

Charlie Savage for the New York Times reports that, in a letter to the special master who is overseeing a review of materials seized from the former President's Florida residence. the former President Trump is claiming that nine documents seized by the Federal Bureau of Investigation are his personal property.  The Justice Department counters that they are official records that must go into the National Archives, 

And, yes, some of the disputed documents involve the administration's immigration policies:  

"The letter . . . .describes disputes over ownership and executive privilege claims involving a batch of 15 records that have undergone early review. It likely foreshadows larger fights to come over the main bulk of roughly 13,000 documents and other materials F.B.I. agents took from Mar-a-Lago . . . in August.

The letter said that Mr. Trump is also claiming that four of the 15 documents should be withheld from investigators under executive privilege. They include the two immigration policy documents, which Mr. Trump’s team said were predecisional materials, and two documents about meetings he was to approve and certain questions he had been asked." (bold added).

I, for one, look forward to seeing the documents.  One can only imagine . . . . 


October 22, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Framing and Contesting Unauthorized Work by Angela D. Morrison


Framing and Contesting Unauthorized Work by Angela D. Morrison, Georgetown Immigration Law Review, Vol. 36, No. 2, 2022,


Unauthorized workers face precarity in the workplace and the threat of forced expulsion from their communities. Some of the reasons for that precarity result from how the law frames unauthorized workers. The law views unauthorized workers as lacking full human or civil rights, as “unauthorized,” to the exclusion of their other identities. The legal system also creates a binary that views unauthorized workers as either criminals who are complicit in their exploitation or passive victims for employers to exploit. This Article draws on social movement literature to theorize the processes that result in this framing and to explore how immigrant social movements have contested that framing. That contestation has led to less precarity and greater social membership for unauthorized workers.

First, this Article demonstrates that the law relies on a moral deservedness frame that has contributed to unauthorized work’s precarity and made unauthorized workers’ social membership more tenuous. Second, the Article argues that by contesting the law’s moral deservedness frame, movement actors have decreased workplace precarity and increased social membership. They have called on frames that center on workers’ human and civil rights, and their identities as family members and workers. Movement actors have worked around and through the law to empower unauthorized workers to engage in claims-making and organize worker co-operatives that provide workplace protections. They also have engaged in direct action and acts of civil disobedience that have led to greater mobilization and participation in the movement. Finally, immigrant rights organizations have changed the law by lobbying for policy changes and changes to state laws that benefit unauthorized workers. Besides reducing precarity, the contestation itself can become a source of social membership for unauthorized workers. In effect, the contestation allows unauthorized workers to exercise their political voices.


October 22, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, October 21, 2022

From the Bookshelves: The Slow Violence of Immigration Court Procedural Justice on Trial by Maya Pagni Barak

The Slow Violence of Immigration Court Procedural Justice on Trial by Maya Pagni Barak (forthcominng March 2023, NYU Press)

The publisher's description of the book reads as follows:

"Each year, hundreds of thousands of migrants are moved through immigration court. With a national backlog surpassing one million cases, court hearings take years and most migrants will eventually be ordered deported. The Slow Violence of Immigration Court sheds light on the experiences of migrants from the “Northern Triangle” (Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador) as they navigate legal processes, deportation proceedings, immigration court, and the immigration system writ large.

Grounded in the illuminating stories of people facing deportation, the family members who support them, and the attorneys who defend them, The Slow Violence of Immigration Court invites readers to question matters of fairness and justice and the fear of living with the threat of deportation. Although the spectacle of violence created by family separation and deportation is perceived as extreme and unprecedented, these long legal proceedings are masked in the mundane and are often overlooked, ignored, and excused. In an urgent call to action, Maya Pagni Barak deftly demonstrates that deportation and family separation are not abhorrent anomalies, but are a routine, slow form of violence at the heart of the U.S. immigration system."


October 21, 2022 in Books | Permalink | Comments (0)

The most underrated U.S. cities for immigrants

To find out which of America’s midsize cities make the best homes for immigrants, Preply analyzed U.S. Census data from over 250 cities.

They ranked cities on 4 key measures based on the opportunities they offer immigrants:

  1. Foreign-born population size.
  2. Naturalization rate.
  3. The unemployment rate of the foreign-born population.
  4. The median income of the foreign-born population. 

Key findings:

  • The three most underrated metropolitan areas for immigrants are (1) Honolulu, Hawaii; (2) Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Venture, CA: and  (3) Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY.
  • Florida boasts five of the top 25 midsize cities for immigrants.
  • Portland, Oregon, Austin, Texas, and Stockton, California, are the most promising cities for immigrants over the past decade. 


Here is the report.


October 21, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigrant advocates feel abandoned by Biden administration

Eo_1-1-1200x1200|Official White House Photo

Myah Ward in Politico collects the views of immigrant rights advocates expressing disappointment with the Biden administration's record after two years.  One of the complaints is that, like President Obama, President Biden has not made immigration reform in Congress a pririty.

"Immigrant advocates are still waiting for their moment.

Nearly two years into the Biden administration, having watched many of their progressive brethren score significant and historic breakthroughs on their respective causes, they’re getting increasingly frustrated at the lack of action on theirs. And a bit jealous too."



October 21, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Human Rights Watch -- US/Mexico: Expelling Venezuelans Threatens Rights, Lives Restore Access to Asylum at the Border


Logo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Press release from Human Rights Watch:

US/Mexico: Expelling Venezuelans Threatens Rights, Lives
Restore Access to Asylum at the Border

(Washington, DC, October 21, 2022) – The decision by United States President Joe Biden and Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador to expand the abusive Title 42 border expulsion policy and expel Venezuelans to Mexico without allowing them to seek asylum in the US puts lives at risk and violates international law, Human Rights Watch said today. The parallel announcement of a new program to allow some Venezuelans to apply to travel to the US by plane includes restrictions that will leave many asylum seekers unable to get protection.

On October 12, 2022, the US and Mexican governments announced a new migration enforcement process for Venezuelans “to reduce the number of people arriving” at the US border. Under the policy, which came into effect on October 13, all Venezuelans who cross the US-Mexico border irregularly will be expelled to Mexico without the chance to seek asylum in the US. As of October 18, 4,050 Venezuelans had been returned.

“A new legal pathway for some Venezuelans seeking safety in the US will not paper over the likely harm that many others will suffer because of this massive expansion of the abusive Trump-era Title 42 border expulsion policy,” said Tyler Mattiace, Mexico researcher at Human Rights Watch. “With this decision, Biden is effectively punishing those Venezuelans who have been forced to flee their country on foot, denying them the right to seek asylum, and attempting to sugar coat this abusive policy with a humanitarian parole program that will only benefit a select few.”  

Prior to October 13, neither the US nor Mexico had expelled most Venezuelans because Venezuela often refuses to accept expulsion flights. Venezuelans expelled to Mexico in recent days have been given visas valid for just a few days or received documents from Mexican authorities instructing them to leave the country via the Mexico-Guatemala border. The documents don’t allow them to remain in Mexico or get public services like health care or education. Human Rights Watch asked representatives from Mexico’s National Migration Institute and Ministry of Foreign Relations about the legal status of expelled Venezuelans, but as of October 21, had received no answer.

Title 42 has since March 2020 prevented hundreds of thousands of Haitians, Africans, Guatemalans, Salvadorans, and people of many other nationalities from accessing fair asylum procedures in the United State, in violation of US and international law.

The US and Mexican governments also announced a new program, which began on October 18, to allow up to 24,000 Venezuelans who meet certain requirements to apply for permission to travel to the US by plane. To qualify, Venezuelans must hold a valid passport and have a US-based sponsor who agrees to provide housing and financial support. Venezuelans who entered the US, Mexico, or Panama irregularly after October 18 are ineligible.

These requirements are often difficult to fulfill. Many Venezuelans face administrative and economic barriers to obtaining or renewing passports or other official documents – including marriage and birth certificates – given that Venezuelan consular services are scarce and unaffordable. Requiring asylum seekers to produce a passport from the government that may be persecuting them fundamentally contradicts reality for many refugees, Human Rights Watch said.

The Biden administration should restore access to the right to seek asylum for everyone who arrives at the US-Mexico border, regardless of nationality, financial means, family ties, or the travel documents they hold. And the US should remove the passport requirement that will leave many Venezuelans unable to apply for the new program.

Biden administration officials have compared the program for Venezuelans to Uniting for Ukraine, created in April, which allows Ukrainians fleeing the Russian invasion to apply to travel to the US. However, the US has not prohibited Ukrainians from seeking asylum at the US-Mexico border and, in March, exempted Ukrainians from being expelled to Mexico under the Title 42 policy.

The number of Venezuelans traveling to the US border has increased in recent years as the country faces a brutal crackdown on dissent and a humanitarian emergency with millions unable to access basic health care, adequate food, and safe water. Over 7 million people have fled Venezuela since 2014. US officials detained more than 200,000 Venezuelans at the US-Mexico border between January 2021 and August 2022.

US officials have leaned heavily on Mexico, Guatemala, and other regional governments to prevent migrants and asylum seekers from other nationalities from traveling north to reach the US border, which has driven many to take more dangerous routes.

After Mexico, Costa Rica, and Belize imposed new visa requirements for Venezuelans, making it more difficult for them to travel north by plane, the number crossing the dangerous Darien Gap on the Colombia-Panama border skyrocketed. More than 107,000 Venezuelans crossed the Darien Gap between January and September 2022, compared to roughly 1,500 during the same period in 2021. In May, Human Rights Watch traveled to the Darien Gap and documented serious abuses by criminals against migrants, who rarely have access to health care, protection, or justice.

The Title 42 border expulsion policy has effectively closed US ports of entry to nearly all asylum seekers since it was implemented by former US president Donald Trump in March 2020, under the guise of being a pandemic response measure. Public health officials have since said that the approach was “the misuse of a public health authority” and that it was politically motivated.

The policy allows US immigration agents to refuse to accept asylum applications at official border crossings and to expel anyone who crosses the border irregularly without allowing them to seek asylum in the US. It has been used more than 2.2 million times to expel migrants and asylum seekers to Mexico or to their home countries.

The Biden administration had announced plans to end the expulsion policy in April after using it for more than a year to expel people more than twice as many times as the Trump administration did, but several US states challenged the move in federal court, resulting in orders to keep the policy in place during the litigation. Since then, the Biden administration has expanded its use of Title 42 and officials have reportedly said they intend to find other ways to expel asylum seekers should it no longer be able to misuse the public health authority to do so.

Criminal groups and Mexican officials often target migrants and asylum seekers expelled by the US to Mexico for abuses including kidnapping, extortion, and rape, as Human Rights Watch and other groups have documented. There have been at least 6,000 documented cases of kidnappings or other violent attacks against people returned to Mexico by the United States, according to the organization Human Rights First, which tracks such cases.

The Mexican government should refuse to accept any expulsions, including those of Venezuelans, and especially those at greater risk, such as LGBT people and people with chronic illnesses or disabilities, Human Rights Watch said. It should also provide legal status for all Venezuelans expelled from the US to ensure they can access basic services.

The right to seek asylum is a core principle of international human rights law and is implemented in US domestic law. Everyone seeking international protection has the right to apply for asylum abroad and to have their case heard before the appropriate authorities. Expelling asylum seekers without allowing them to make their claims violates the Refugee Convention, the Convention against Torture, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

“Biden and López Obrador should work together to create humane, equitable, rights-respecting immigration and asylum systems rather than limiting the right to seek asylum based on race, nationality, financial means, or family ties,” said Ari Sawyer, US border researcher at Human Rights Watch.


October 21, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

At the Movies: Fruits of Labor


Fruits of Labor is a feature documentary film about an American high school student traversing the seen and unseen forces that keep her family trapped in a cycle of poverty.  Fruits of Labor is an award-winning and nationally-televised film, which was filmed in Watsonville and follows Ashley, a Mexican-American teenager, who dreams of graduating high school and going to college. But when ICE raids threaten her family, Ashley is forced to become the breadwinner, working days in the strawberry fields and nights at a food processing company.


A Mexican-American teenager dreams of graduating high school, when increased ICE raids in her community threaten to separate her family and force her to become the breadwinner for her family. She works long days in the strawberry fields and the night shift at a food processing factory. Set in an agricultural town on the central coast of California, FRUITS OF LABOR is a coming of age story about an American teenager traversing the seen and unseen forces that keep her family trapped in poverty.  A lyrical meditation on adolescence, nature and ancestral forces, the film asks, what does it mean to come into one’s power as a working young woman of color in the wealthiest nation in the world?


October 21, 2022 in Current Affairs, Film & Television | Permalink | Comments (0)

Killing of young girl shocks France and sparks far-right immigration backlash

This is story that has been percolating in France over the last few days.  It is incredibly sad but the politicization of the tragedy is unfortunately too common.   Fox News regularly attempts to stoke immigration fears in its crime reports.

NBC News reports that "The killing of a 12-year-old girl [Lola] whose body was found inside a plastic trunk has left France “profoundly shaken” and led to accusations that far-right lawmakers have politicized her death to attack the government's immigration policies."  


October 21, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Detention Abolition and the Violence of Digital Cages by Sarah Sherman-Stokes

Detention Abolition and the Violence of Digital Cages by Sarah Sherman-Stokes




The United States has a long history of devastating immigration enforcement and surveillance. Today, in addition to more than 34,000 people held in immigration detention, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) surveils an astounding 296,000 people under its “Alternatives to Detention” program. The number of people subjected to this surveillance has grown dramatically in the last two decades, from just 1,339 in 2005. ICE’s rapidly expanding Alternatives to Detention program is marked by “digital cages,” consisting of GPS-outfitted ankle shackles and invasive phone and location tracking. Government officials and some immigrant advocates have categorized these digital cages as a humane “reform”; ostensibly an effort to decrease the number of people behind bars. This article challenges that framework, illuminating how digital cages disperse the violence of immigration enforcement and surveillance more broadly, and more insidiously, ensnaring hundreds of thousands more immigrants, families and communities.

This article argues that the increasing digitization of immigration enforcement and surveillance is part of a growing, and expansive, geography of violence. Building upon deportation abolition literature situating immigration detention as a form of violence, this article posits that rather than mitigate violence, digital cages create a “violence of invisibility” that is equally, if not more, dangerous. Digital cages, masquerading as a more palatable version of enforcement and surveillance, create devastating harms that are hidden in plain sight, while duping us into thinking them more humane. This article concludes by arguing that digital cages are a “reformist reform” that merely make more efficient the kind of oppressive and racialized violence that has long informed the United States’ immigration enforcement regime. If we truly seek an end to this violence, this article argues for abolition - not just of detention, but of the digital cages next in line to replace detention.


October 21, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, October 20, 2022

Your Playlist: Los Lobos

Matter of Time by Los Lobos is a great segue into topics like the push/pull factors of migration and family reunification.

Here's the opening verse:

Speak softly, don't wake the babyCome and hold me once moreBefore I have to leaveBecause there's a lot of work out thereEverything will be fineAnd I'll send for you babyJust a matter of time



October 20, 2022 in Music | Permalink | Comments (0)

Border Facts That Might Surprise You

As the midterm elections near, immigration has been a recurring campaign issue.  Much has been much said in particular about the "crisis" and lawlessness along the U/S/Mexico border.  Here are two facts worth remembering.

Fact: On average, cities along the U.S.-Mexico border have lower violent crime rates than similar-size U.S. communities, reports Russell Contreras of Axios. According to 2021 FBI data, Brownsville, McAllen, Laredo, Eagle Pass and El Paso in Texas, Sunland Park in New Mexico, Yuma in Arizona, and San Diego "had a violent crime rate of 333.6 per 100,000 residents, compared to 388.57 for the national average."  

Fact:  Fiona Harrigan of Reason reports that recent smuggling of the drug fentanyl at our southern border is primarily done by U.S. citizens — not undocumented immigrants. 


October 20, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

With DACA on the Ropes, Microsoft, Apple, Meta Etc. Call for Congress to Act

An ad out today, from Microsoft, Apple, Meta and several other Fortune 500 companies urges Congress to protect Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) recipients,  NBC News reports. 

"Collectively, we represent the backbone of an American economy facing tremendous workforce challenges as a result of the pandemic. We face another crisis if Congress fails to act on an issue that has strong bipartisan support from the American people," reads the Coalition for the American Dream’s letter to Congress, which is running as an ad in three newspapers today.  

The letter follows the recent appeals court ruling against the DACA policy. Also among the more than 80 signatories are Target, Starbucks, Google, MGM Resorts and the Business Roundtable


October 20, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

The Republican Party in the Midterms: Latinos, a Threat under the Great "Replacement" Theory or the Future of the Party?


Stuart Anderson for Forbes has some interesting commentary on the midterm elections about whether the Republican Party is (1) the party embracing the "replacement theory" blaming Latina/o immigrants for "replacing" U.S. (white) people; or (2) the party courting Latina/o voters with Latina/os viewed as the future of the Republican Party.

America’s Voice has tracked election ads in this cycle. “Almost all the Republicans running statewide in Arizona have made ‘replacement’ and ‘invasion’ conspiracies a central part of their campaigns,” according to an America’s Voice report.

Speaking at a Trump rally on October 9, 2022, Repesentative Marjorie Taylor Greene, one of the highest profile Republican members of Congress, said, “Joe Biden’s 5 million illegal aliens are on the verge of replacing you, replacing your jobs, and replacing your kids in school. And coming from all over the world, they’re also replacing your culture. And that’s not great for America.”


October 20, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)


TEACHING SOCIAL JUSTICE IN THE IMMIGRATION LAW SURVEY COURSE by Kevin R. Johnson, St. Louis University Law Journal (symposium), Forthcoming 2022


This article makes the case for integrating racial and social justice into the teaching of the immigration law survey course. Part I briefly highlights the social justice implications of the operation of the U.S. immigration laws and their enforcement. Part II reviews benefits from teaching the immigration law survey course through a social justice lens. Such an approach is especially appropriate because immigration law and policy profoundly impacts vulnerable immigrants of color. Part III identifies a casebook that takes a social justice approach to teaching the immigration law survey course.


October 20, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, October 19, 2022

ImmigrationProf Blog by Email

Once upon a time, the ImmigrationProf blog supported email subscriptions and daily digests. Unfortunately, it no longer does. Bummer, I know. But that doesn't mean you can't still get email alerts regarding blog posts or daily digests. You've just got to interact with a third party website.

Let me start with my favorite: Feedrabbit. What's great about this site is its simplicity. When you go to the website you'll see this clear form at the top:

Screen Shot 2022-10-19 at 7.14.35 PM

After you hit "subscribe," you'll get to this page. Don't ask me why there are two options for this one blog, just pick one and hit "sign up to subscribe."

Screen Shot 2022-10-19 at 7.15.56 PM

That will take you to this page, where you enter your email address. Complete the recaptcha and you're done!

Screen Shot 2022-10-19 at 7.17.11 PM

You'll start getting ImmigrationProf blog posts in your email. Note: the default for Feedrabbit is to send you emails for every post unless the blog gets "busy." But you can also configure your subscription to send daily or weekly digests with full content or just the table of contents.

Screen Shot 2022-10-19 at 7.26.56 PM

There are plenty of other RSS feed and digest options out there including Feedly, NewsBlur, and Inoreader. I spent some time poking around those three, but I found them more well-suited to folks who are following multiple blogs and want to view them all within a single app.

I hope this update helps. We definitely want to make accessing the blog as easy as possible for you!


October 19, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

NYT Reports on a Coalition of Students and Legal Scholars Urging California Universities to Hire Undocumented Students

An article by Miriam Jordan of The New York Times today features a proposal by a Coalition of students and legal scholars urging California Universities to hire undocumented students. The proposal, which is supported by undocumented student leaders and legal scholars at many different universities, explains how "California, a state that has served as an incubator for progressive policies on immigration, begin employing undocumented students at the 10 University of California campuses."

The letter quotes Ahilan Arulanantham, co-director of the Center for Immigration Law and Policy at UCLA (together with Hiroshi Motomura, who is also featured) who spearheaded the team's legal analysis, explaining: “For nearly 40 years, state entities thought they were bound by the federal prohibition against hiring undocumented students when, in fact, they were not.”

We will continue to post more updates on this exciting development on the blog.


October 19, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

NEW GAO REPORT: Southwest Border: Challenges and Efforts Implementing New Processes for Noncitizen Families

On October 17, 2022 the U.S. Government Accountability Office publicly released a new report, Southwest Border: Challenges and Efforts Implementing New Processes for Noncitizen Families.

Here is the GAO's summary of its findings:

U.S. Border Patrol's implementation of the Notice to Report (NTR) process created challenges for U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), which the agencies sought to address in developing the parole plus Alternatives to Detention (ATD) process. In March 2021, Border Patrol initiated the NTR process to reduce agents' administrative processing times by releasing noncitizen family units (parents and children under 18) without Notices to Appear. However, Border Patrol and ICE identified challenges with the NTR process. ICE officials stated they were concerned that family units were not reporting to field offices as required. Further, ICE had difficulty locating some of these individuals due to limited address information. Border Patrol released about 94,000 family unit members with an NTR before terminating this process in November 2021.

In July 2021, Border Patrol and ICE initiated a second process whereby agents release family units into the U.S. on humanitarian parole and enroll the heads of household in ICE's ATD program (or, parole plus ATD). ATD uses case management and electronic monitoring to help ensure noncitizens comply with their release conditions, allowing ICE to better track those released without a Notice to Appear. From July 2021 through February 2022, Border Patrol released about 91,000 family unit members under parole plus ATD.

ICE has efforts underway to initiate removal proceedings for family units that Border Patrol released with an NTR or under parole plus ATD. As of March 1, 2022, about three-quarters of family unit members (nearly 140,000) had reported to an ICE field office. To try to locate those who had not reported, ICE undertook several nationwide enforcement operations between November 2021 and June 2022. ICE officials stated family units that do not report, or that ICE does not locate, are to be referred for further enforcement action on a case-by-case basis to focus on the greatest threats to homeland security.

As of March 20, 2022, ICE issued Notices to Appear to about half of all family unit members (about 100,000) processed with an NTR or under parole plus ATD. According to ICE officials, ICE faces resource constraints processing those who report and issuing Notices to Appear. In July 2022, U.S. Customs and Border Protection and ICE issued a new policy under which they will share responsibility for initiating removal proceedings for those released without Notices to Appear.


October 19, 2022 in Data and Research | Permalink | Comments (0)