Tuesday, July 16, 2019
They Called Us Enemy is a graphic novel from George Takei (of Star Trek, Allegiance, activist, and internet humor fame). It's a memoir recounting his "childhood imprisoned within American concentration camps during World War II."
The book is written in collaboration with Justin Eisinger and Steven Scotti, and it features illustrations by Harmony Becker.
This powerful graphic memoir expertly captures the heartbreak of America's Japanese internment camps during World War II and the resilience of those who experienced them. In They Called Us Enemy, George Takei and his collaborators tell a story rich in historical detail and personal triumph. Much of the narrative is from a child's viewpoint, increasing the impact of the story as George and his brother Henry struggle to understand events that leave adults overwhelmed.
The book just went on sale today. I've ordered my copy and look forward to sharing it with my kids.
It promises to be an incredibly timely release given the current debates over the propriety of long-term detention of migrant children in the United States.
Monday, July 15, 2019
From the Bookshelves: Build and Manage Your Successful Immigration Law Practice (Without Losing Your Mind) by Ruby Powers
Whether you are a new law firm owner or about to take that leap, Build and Manage a Successful Immigration Law Practice (Without Losing Your Mind) will give you the assurance that you have considered all aspects of running a law firm and won’t make costly mistakes—or lose your mind—in the process.
Thursday, July 11, 2019
It takes people with all kinds of talents to make a community flourish! In this moving story, a king gains a new appreciation for the people of his kingdom after realizing he's made a mistake building a wall. With simple yet profound illustrations and pop-up and disappearing wall elements, children will learn how a community can be harmed when barriers are built and thrive when people come together.
Tuesday, July 9, 2019
This book is an insider's history and memoir of the battle for The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986: its evolution, passage, impact, and its legacies for the future of immigration reform. Charles Kamasaki has spent most of his life working for UnidosUS, formerly the National Council of La Raza (NCLR), the nation's largest Hispanic civil rights and advocacy organization. He was a direct participant in the many meetings, hearings, mark-ups, debates, and other developments that led to the passage of the last major immigration reform legislation, The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA). He reveals the roles of key lawmakers and a coalition of public interest lobbyists that played a role in opposing, shaping, and then implementing IRCA. His account underscores the centrality of racial issues in the immigration reform debate and why it has become a near-perpetual topic of political debate.
Thursday, July 4, 2019
Universities as Vehicles for Immigrant Integration by Kit Johnson, Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 46, No. 3, 2019 23 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2019
This Essay discusses how universities could play a productive role in helping potential future U.S. citizens feel a sense of belonging to the United States. This discussion is prompted by, and is offered as a reaction to, Chapter Four of Professor Ming Hsu Chen’s forthcoming book, Constructing Citizenship for Noncitizens. In that chapter, Professor Chen focuses on the “blocked pathways to citizenship” experienced by international students, temporary workers, and DACA recipients in the United States. Professor Chen notes that these three groups of noncitizens share a common thread of status insecurity, and she explores how this challenges their integration into the United States. She concludes that the legal, social, economic, and political connections of these migrants can be strengthened if the federal government improves legal pathways to citizenship and focuses on immigrant integration.
This Essay begins with a summary of Professor Chen’s argument. This Essay then suggests that, for the international-student segment of noncitizens Professor Chen discusses, American universities have the potential to serve as a “force multiplier” for the goals of immigrant integration that she identifies. In other words, U.S. universities can lay a foundation for integration that will abet Professor Chen’s proposed policy realignments in helping migrants see themselves as future U.S. citizens.
Wednesday, July 3, 2019
From the Bookshelves: Refugees and Asylum Seekers: Interdisciplinary and Comparative Perspectives by S. Megan Berthold and Kathryn R. Libal, Editors
Monday, July 1, 2019
From the Bookshelves: Technologies of Suspicion and the Ethics of Obligation in Political Asylum by Bridget M. Haas (Editor), Amy Shuman (Editor)
Technologies of Suspicion and the Ethics of Obligation in Political Asylum (Series in Human Security) by Bridget M. Haas (Editor), Amy Shuman (Editor) (2019)
Across the globe, migration has been met with intensifying modes of criminalization and securitization, and claims for political asylum are increasingly met with suspicion. Asylum seekers have become the focus of global debates surrounding humanitarian obligations, on the one hand, and concerns surrounding national security and border control, on the other. In Technologies of Suspicion and the Ethics of Obligation in Political Asylum, contributors provide fine-tuned analyses of political asylum systems and the adjudication of asylum claims across a range of sociocultural and geopolitical contexts.
The contributors to this timely volume, drawing on a variety of theoretical perspectives, offer critical insights into the processes by which tensions between humanitarianism and security are negotiated at the local level, often with negative consequences for asylum seekers. By investigating how a politics of suspicion within asylum systems is enacted in everyday practices and interactions, the authors illustrate how asylum seekers are often produced as suspicious subjects by the very systems to which they appeal for protection.
Contributors: Ilil Benjamin, Carol Bohmer, Nadia El-Shaarawi, Bridget M. Haas, John Beard Haviland, Marco Jacquemet, Benjamin N. Lawrance, Rachel Lewis, Sara McKinnon, Amy Shuman, Charles Watters
Ellis Island, early 1900s
Lesley Kennedy on History highlights some important information in this era of "extreme vetting", lwngthy delays in processing visas, and general slowdown in the admission of foreigners to the United States. She writes:
"More than 12 million immigrants passed through Ellis Island between 1892 and 1954—with a whopping 1,004,756 entering the United States in 1907 alone. And yet, even during these days of peak immigration, for most passengers hoping to establish new lives in the United States, the process of entering the country was over and done relatively quickly—in a matter of a few hours.
The passengers disembarking ships at the gateway station in 1907 were arriving due to a number of factors, including a strong domestic economy and pogrom outbreaks of violence against Jews in the Russian Empire, says Vincent Cannato, associate professor of history at the University of Massachusetts, Boston, and author of American Passage: The History of Ellis Island.
`It varied from person to person, but for 80 percent, the process took a few hours, and then they were out and through,' he says. `But it could also take a couple days, a couple weeks, a couple months or, in some very rare cases, a couple of years.'”
Friday, June 28, 2019
The Booklist Reader closes out Immigrant Heritage Month with recommended books by and about immigrants, several of which have been featured on ImmigrationProf Blog:
June is #ImmigrantHeritageMonth, which began in 2014 and has been recognized and celebrated by the (Obama) White House as “a time to celebrate diversity and immigrants’ shared American heritage” since 2015. “Immigration,” the White House declares, “is part of the DNA of this great nation.” Perhaps now more than ever—fueled by the ubiquity of alarming headlines and tragic images in the media—the topic of immigration also provides substantial literary inspiration: we gather this baker’s dozen of recent titles, all with 2018 and 2019 pub dates and linked to their Booklist reviews, for your reading enlightenment.
The Atlas of Reds and Blues, by Devi S. Laskar
The Body Papers, by Grace Talusan
Dear America: Notes of an Undocumented Citizen, by Jose Antonio Vargas
Freshwater, by Akwaeke Emezi
Girls Burn Brighter, by Shobha Rao
Immigrant, Montana, by Amitava Kumar
Lost Children Archive, by Valeria Luiselli
Miracle Creek, by Angie Kim
Number One Chinese Restaurant, by Lillian Li
On Earth We’re Briefly Gorgeous, by Ocean Vuong
The Other Americans, by Laila Lalami
A River of Stars, by Vanessa Hua
Happy reading! If you prefer shorter reads (though not necessary lighter ones), here is a list of children's books on immigration from 2018.
Wednesday, June 26, 2019
When We Were Arabs is "an absorbing family history that spans continents and epochs" and the personal history of the author, Massoud Hayoun, who is a member of the Arab diaspora with Egyptian, Moroccan, Tunisian, and Jewish roots.
An excerpt of the NPR book review:
From the Bookshelves: The Border: Journeys along the U.S.-Mexico Border, the World’s Most Consequential Divide by David J. Danelo
The Border: Journeys along the U.S.-Mexico Border, the World’s Most Consequential Divide by David J. Danelo (June 2019)
David Danelo spent three months traveling the 1,952 miles that separate the United States and Mexico--a journey that took him across four states and two countries through a world of rivers and canals, mountains and deserts, highways and dirt roads, fences and border towns. Here the border isn't just an abstraction thrown around in political debates in Washington; it's a physical reality, infinitely more complex than most politicians believe.
Danelo’s investigative report about a complex, longstanding debate that became a central issue of the 2016 presidential race examines the border in human terms through a cast of colorful characters. As topical today as it was when Danelo made his trek, this revised and updated edition asks and answers the core questions: Should we close the border? Is a fence or wall the answer? Is the U.S. government capable of fully securing the border?
Saturday, June 22, 2019
Friday, June 21, 2019
From the Bookshelves: Migrating to Prison: America’s Obsession with Locking Up Immigrants by César Cuauhtémoc García Hernández
Migrating to Prison: America’s Obsession with Locking Up Immigrants by César Cuauhtémoc García Hernández
A leading scholar’s powerful, in-depth look at the imprisonment of immigrants addressing the intersection of immigration and the criminal justice system
For most of America’s history, we simply did not lock people up for migrating here. Yet over the last thirty years, the federal and state governments have increasingly tapped their powers to incarcerate people accused of violating immigration laws. As a result, almost 400,000 people annually now spend some time locked up pending the result of a civil or criminal immigration proceeding.
In Migrating to Prison, leading scholar César Cuauhtémoc García Hernández takes a hard look at the immigration prison system’s origins, how it currently operates, and why. He tackles the emergence of immigration imprisonment in the mid-1980s, with enforcement resources deployed disproportionately against Latinos, and he looks at both the outsized presence of private prisons and how those on the political right continue, disingenuously, to link immigration imprisonment with national security risks and threats to the rule of law.
Interspersed with powerful stories of people caught up in the immigration imprisonment industry, including children who have spent most of their lives in immigrant detention, Migrating to Prison is an urgent call for the abolition of immigration prisons and a radical reimagining of the United States: who belongs and on what criteria is that determination made?
Thursday, June 20, 2019
Citizenship apparently is a hot book topic. We posted an abstract on one citizenship book yesterday. Here is another.
Although we live in a period of unprecedented globalization and mass migration, many contemporary western liberal democracies are asserting their sovereignty over who gets to become members of their polities with renewed ferocity. Citizenship matters more than ever.
In this book, Elizabeth F. Cohen and Cyril Ghosh provide a concise and comprehensive introduction to the concept of citizenship and evaluate the idea’s continuing relevance in the 21st century. They examine multiple facets of the concept, including the classic and contemporary theories that inform the practice of citizenship, the historical development of citizenship as a practice, and citizenship as an instrument of administrative rationality as well as lived experience. They show how access to a range of rights and privileges that accrue from citizenship in countries of the global north is creating a global citizenship-based caste system.
This skillful critical appraisal of citizenship in the context of phenomena such as the global refugee crisis, South-North migration, and growing demands for minority rights will be essential reading for students and scholars of citizenship, migration studies and democratic theory.
Wednesday, June 19, 2019
The story of citizenship as a tale not of liberation, dignity, and nationhood but of complacency, hypocrisy, and domination.
The glorification of citizenship is a given in today's world, part of a civic narrative that invokes liberation, dignity, and nationhood. In reality, explains Dimitry Kochenov, citizenship is a story of complacency, hypocrisy, and domination, flattering to citizens and demeaning for noncitizens. In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Kochenov explains the state of citizenship in the modern world.
Kochenov offers a critical introduction to a subject most often regarded uncritically, describing what citizenship is, what it entails, how it came about, and how its role in the world has been changing. He examines four key elements of the concept: status, considering how and why the status of citizenship is extended, what function it serves, and who is left behind; rights, particularly the right to live and work in a state; duties, and what it means to be a “good citizen”; and politics, as enacted in the granting and enjoyment of citizenship.
Citizenship promises to apply the attractive ideas of dignity, equality, and human worth—but to strictly separated groups of individuals. Those outside the separation aren't citizens as currently understood, and they do not belong. Citizenship, Kochenov warns, is too often a legal tool that justifies violence, humiliation, and exclusion.
Wednesday, June 12, 2019
The International Organization for Migration features a new book that touches on when refugees welcome — and when they are not. Historian Erik Lindner takes a long look back to discover answers to this question. He reveals them in his book "Flight Across the Sea."
There are countless examples of fleeing across the sea — and historian Erik Lindner has been intrigued by this topic. In his book Flucht übers Meer (Flight Across the Sea), Erik Lindner looks back at different regions and times in which people fled, and he notices similarities. "There were, for example, the 'boat people' from Vietnam, the GDR refugees, some of whom tried to cross the Baltic Sea to Schleswig-Holstein or Denmark, and the Cubans who arrived in Florida. These are three examples in which people who fled Communist states or dictatorships were welcomed," he noted.
One of the photos in the exhibition at the International Maritime Museum: Vietnamese refugees depart the Cap Anamur in Hamburg; between 1979 and 1986, more than 11,000 refugees were rescued at sea via the revamped ship and brought to safe harbor
Tuesday, June 11, 2019
From the Bookshelves: Protect, Serve, and Deport: The Rise of Policing as Immigration Enforcement by Amada Armenta
Protect, Serve, and Deport: The Rise of Policing as Immigration Enforcement by Amada Armenta (University of California Press 2017)
A free ebook version of this title is available through Luminos, the UC Press open access publishing program. Visit www.luminosoa.org to learn more.
Protect, Serve, and Deport exposes the on-the-ground workings of local immigration enforcement in Nashville, Tennessee. Between 2007 and 2012, Nashville’s local jail participated in an immigration enforcement program called 287(g), which turned jail employees into immigration officers who identified over ten thousand removable immigrants for deportation. The vast majority of those identified for removal were not serious criminals, but Latino residents arrested by local police for minor violations. Protect, Serve, and Deport explains how local politics, state laws, institutional policies, and police practices work together to deliver immigrants into an expanding federal deportation system, conveying powerful messages about race, citizenship, and belonging.
Friday, June 7, 2019
There are few subjects in American life that prompt more discussion and controversy than immigration. But do we really understand it? In This Land Is Our Land, the renowned author Suketu Mehta attacks the issue head-on. Drawing on his own experience as an Indian-born teenager growing up in New York City and on years of reporting around the world, Mehta subjects the worldwide anti-immigrant backlash to withering scrutiny. As he explains, the West is being destroyed not by immigrants but by the fear of immigrants. Mehta juxtaposes the phony narratives of populist ideologues with the ordinary heroism of laborers, nannies, and others, from Dubai to Queens, and explains why more people are on the move today than ever before. As civil strife and climate change reshape large parts of the planet, it is little surprise that borders have become so porous. But Mehta also stresses the destructive legacies of colonialism and global inequality on large swaths of the world: When today’s immigrants are asked, “Why are you here?” they can justly respond, “We are here because you were there.” And now that they are here, as Mehta demonstrates, immigrants bring great benefits, enabling countries and communities to flourish. Impassioned, rigorous, and richly stocked with memorable stories and characters, This Land Is Our Land is a timely and necessary intervention, and a literary polemic of the highest order.
Currently the President of the University of California, Janet Napolitano, former Secretary of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, discusses her new book, How Safe Are We?: Homeland Security Since 9/11, what we have accomplished since that awful day, where the critical security gaps remain, and where dangerous new ones have opened—and how to close them. While the day is etched in our collective memory as the image of terrorism, the threat landscape has evolved dramatically since the Department of Homeland Security was created in 2003. "Rather than collapsed buildings," Napolitano writes, "today we face collapsed faith in our democratic institutions," caused by cyber-intrusions into US elections and into other areas of critical infrastructure, including our energy, financial and communications networks. Recorded on 04/02/2019.
Here is n abstract of the Napolitano's book:
"Former Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano offers an insightful analysis of American security at home and a prescription for the future.
Created in the wake of the greatest tragedy to occur on U.S. soil, the Department of Homeland Security was handed a sweeping mandate: make America safer. It would encompass intelligence and law enforcement agencies, oversee natural disasters, commercial aviation, border security and ICE, cybersecurity, and terrorism, among others. From 2009-2013, Janet Napolitano ran DHS and oversaw 22 federal agencies with 230,000 employees.
In How Safe Are We?, Napolitano pulls no punches, reckoning with the critics who call it Frankenstein's Monster of government run amok, and taking a hard look at the challenges we'll be facing in the future. But ultimately, she argues that the huge, multifaceted department is vital to our nation's security. An agency that's part terrorism prevention, part intelligence agency, part law enforcement, public safety, disaster recovery make for an odd combination the protocol-driven, tradition-bound Washington D.C. culture. But, she says, it has made us more safe, secure, and resilient.
Napolitano not only answers the titular question, but grapples with how these security efforts have changed our country and society. Where are the failures that leave us vulnerable and what has our 1 trillion dollar investment yielded over the last 15 years? And why haven't we had another massive terrorist attack in the U.S. since September 11th, 2001? In our current political climate, where Donald Trump has politicized nearly every aspect of the department, Napolitano's clarifying, bold vision is needed now more than ever."
Wednesday, June 5, 2019
From the Bookshelves: Sand and Blood: America's Stealth War on the Mexico Border by John Carlos Frey,published June 25, 2019
Over the past three decades, U.S. immigration and border security policies have turned the southern states into conflict zones, spawned a network of immigrant detention centers, and unleashed an army of ICE agents into cities across the country.
As award-winning journalist John Carlos Frey reveals in this groundbreaking book, the war against immigrants has been escalating for decades, fueled by defense contractors and lobbyists seeking profits and politicians--Republicans and Democrats alike--who relied on racist fear-mongering to turn out votes. After 9/11, while Americans' attention was trained on the Middle East and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the War on Terror was ramping up on our own soil--aimed not at terrorists but at economic migrants, refugees, and families from South and Central America seeking jobs, safety, and freedom in the U.S.
But we are no safer. Instead, families are being ripped apart, undocumented people are living in fear, and thousands of migrants have died in detention or crossing the border.
Taking readers to the Border Patrol outposts, unmarked graves, detention centers, and halls of power, Sand and Blood is a frightening, essential story we must not ignore.