Tuesday, May 31, 2022

UK's High Potential Individual Visa Is One The U.S. Should Envy

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The United Kingdom has announced a new visa option: The High Potential Individual visa for recent (w/in 5 years) graduates from top non-UK universities, the BBC reports. Nuts and bolts:

  • Citizenship is irrelevant.
  • English language skills required ("fluency to communicate without effort with native speakers")
  • No job offer needed
  • 2 year work visa for BA or MA holders; 3 if holding a PhD
  • Eligible for other long-term employment visas
  • Security/background checks required
  • Families allowed (with sufficient funds)
  • No numerical cap

So, what's a top non-UK university? One that "appeared in the top 50 of at least two of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, the Quacquarelli Symonds World University Rankings or The Academic Ranking of World Universities, in the year in which they graduated." USA-eligible universities for 2021 are:

  • Cal Tech
  • Columiba
  • Cornell
  • Duke
  • Harvard
  • Johns Hopkins
  • MIT
  • NYU
  • Northwestern
  • Princeton
  • Stanford
  • Berkeley (Go Bears!)
  • UCLA
  • UCSD
  • Chicago
  • Michigan
  • Penn
  • UT
  • U-Dub
  • Yale

-KitJ

May 31, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

Call for Participation: Rituals of Repair and Renewal, the call for participation for the Imagining America National Gathering in New Orleans, October 14-16

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Imagining America National Gathering.

Featuring the timely theme of Rituals of Repair and Renewal, the call for participation for the Imagining America National Gathering in New Orleans, October 14-16 closes on June 10. As we approach the deadline, we invite you to spread the word in your networks, newsletters, websites, webinars, IG lives, etc. We also encourage you, your colleagues, students, and friends to submit a proposal! 
 
Attached you will find a link to the Call for Participation and a toolkit for submitting an application. Never hesitate to reach out if you have any questions or ideas. Many thanks for your time and support.
 

The Imagining America consortium (IA) brings together scholars, artists, designers, humanists, and organizers to imagine, study, and enact a more just and liberatory ‘America’ and world. Working across institutional, disciplinary, and community divides, IA strengthens and promotes public scholarship, cultural organizing, and campus change that inspires collective imagination, knowledge-making, and civic action on pressing public issues.

By dreaming and building together in public, IA creates the conditions to shift culture and transform inequitable institutional and societal structures.

KJ

May 31, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Call for Submissions for New Journal:  The Journal of Law Teaching and Learning

Immigration professors, have any ideas on teaching ad learning?

The Institute for Law Teaching and Learning is thrilled to be launching a new scholarly journal.  The Journal of Law Teaching and Learning will publish scholarly articles about pedagogy and will provide authors with rigorous peer review. We hope to publish our first issue in Fall 2023. 

If you have a scholarly article that might fit the needs of The Journal of Law Teaching and Learning, please consider submitting it directly to us via email at mcolatrella@pacific.edu or through the Scholastica platform. 

KJ

May 31, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

NPR: "So many people are looking to leave China that it's been dubbed the run movement"

 

NPR reports that, crushed by COVID-19 lockdowns and hemmed in by stricter political controls, more Chinese citizens are exploring options to leave China altogether.

KJ

May 31, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Report from Across the Pond: Legislation has been designed to reduce the UK’s non-white population, according to leaked government paper

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Photo from Brexit campaign.  Courtesy of Don Roth

The United Kingdom left the European Union after the 2016 Brexit vote, which looked to be fueled in no small part to concerns with immigration.  A recent scandal suggests that concerns with race, immigration, and citizenship run deep in the UK.

Amelia Gentleman for The Guardian reports that foundations of the Windrush scandal, in which British citizens were subjected to immigration enforcement and removal,

"lay in 30 years of racist immigration legislation designed to reduce the UK’s non-white population, according to a leaked government report.

The stark conclusion was set out in a Home Office commissioned paper that officials have repeatedly tried to suppress over the past year.

The 52-page analysis by an unnamed historian, which has been seen by the Guardian, describes how “the British Empire depended on racist ideology in order to function”, and sets out how this affected the laws passed in the postwar period."

KJ

May 31, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

First-generation immigrant shares mental health struggles with viral TikTok video

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
First-generation immigrant shares mental health struggles with viral TikTok video
Thea Pham shared a raw and personal TikTok video about her mental health struggles being a first-generation immigrant. Lilia Luciano spoke with Pham about how she is rewriting her story.
 
KJ

May 31, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, May 30, 2022

From the Bookshelves: Aaliyah The Brave: Empowering Children Coping with Immigration Enforcement

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Paul Schmidt at Immigration Courtside clued me in to a great new children's book.   Aaliyah The Brave: Empowering Children Coping with Immigration Enforcement is described by the publisher as follows:

"When immigration officials come to Aaliyah's home and take her father, she and her family find themselves coping with a variety of emotions. As they prepare themselves for the legal proceedings in Immigration Court, Aaliyah realizes how brave she is, and the family realizes how important communication about what is happening helps to empower her.

Designed as a resource for parents, teachers, social workers, advocates, and lawyers, Aaliyah The Brave helps readers understand the impact immigration enforcement can have on children and what emotions children may feel in the aftermath."

The author is Rekha Sharma-Crawford is an immigration attorney and partner in the Kansas City law firm Sharma-Crawford Attorneys-at-Law. She is an adjunct faculty member at the University of Kansas School of Law.

 

KJ

 

May 30, 2022 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Republican politicians all over the country have repeated the Great Replacement theory

 

The Great Replacement Theory, the theory that whites are being replaced by people of color, has ben gett8ing sustained  media attention in the wake of the horrible mass murder of African Americans in Buffalo, by a gunman who adhered to the theory.    

Erin Mansfield and Candy Woodall for USA Today take a look at how Republican politicians have long repeated the Great Replacement Theory in advocating restrictions on immigration:

"All over the country, sitting members of Congress, candidates, state politicians and former officeholders have been . . . bringing a white supremacist conspiracy theory to the forefront. They often try to distance themselves from the conspiracy theory’s antisemitic origins – a baseless belief that Jews are behind a systematic replacement of white people with immigrants and Black people – and instead say Democrats are trying to import nonwhite voters to take over American elections. They often denounce racism and bigotry in general, but not replacement theory."

“If you turn yourself into a perceived victim, it justifies the horrible things that you do to them (immigrants)," said Nolan Cabrera, an education professor at the University of Arizona who specializes in the influence of whiteness. "But in order to see yourself as that you need to have an aggressor." Arizona's famous attempt to restrict immigration through SB 1070 culminated a similar debate "when politicians accused Mexicans of invading the country and said that they were drug dealers, among other disparaging comments."

KJ

May 30, 2022 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, May 29, 2022

Golden Cage: Trapped at the United States and Mexico border

 

Our local ABC affiliate (ABC10) focused on the U.S./Mexico border in an effort to give northern Californians a first-hand look at the issues, policies, faces, and stories.  This segment features Professor Raquel Aldana.

KJI

May 29, 2022 in Current Affairs, Film & Television | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, May 28, 2022

From The Bookshelves: I Is for Immigrants by Selina Alko

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Here's a book for the immprof parents of littles or clinical profs who like having books around for their clients' children to peruse: I Is for Immigrants by Selina Alko.

It's an alphabet book! Love those. A is for Ancester, Abuelita, African dance, Art, Ambition, and Aspire. B is for Backlava, Braids, Bubble Tea, Books, Bagels, and Bodega. All things worthy of celebration.

Here's the publisher's pitch:

What do African dance, samosas, and Japanese gardens have in common? They are all gifts the United States received from immigrants: the vibrant, multifaceted people who share their heritage and traditions to enrich the fabric of our daily lives. From Jewish delis to bagpipes, bodegas and Zen Buddhism, this joyful ABC journey is a celebration of immigrants: our neighbors, our friends.

-KitJ

May 28, 2022 in Books | Permalink | Comments (0)

Why Immigrant Children Excel More than US-Born Kids

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Voice of America look at the work of economic historians Leah Boustan and Ran Abramitzky, who  are reviewing the data to compare modern-day migrants to those who came to America a century ago.

“One big surprise was how well the children of immigrants are doing, and how (children of) immigrants from nearly every sending country are more upwardly mobile than the children of the U.S.-born. And how that stays constant over 100 years, regardless of the sending country,” says Abramitzky, a professor of economics at Stanford.

 The reason many children of immigrants do better than their American-born counterparts can come down to location, said Boustan, a professor of economics at Princeton. “They're locating in very dynamic cities with a lot of good job opportunities, and that's helping set up their kids for success,” Boustan says. “We find that the children of the internal migrants — the U.S.-born families that move somewhere else — actually look a lot like the children of immigrants. And so, what's really happening is that immigrants are willing to move to good places, and a lot of U.S.-born families stay in the location where they were born.

Another less-apparent advantage for children of immigrants in low-paying jobs, is that their parents might have college degrees and professional skills honed in their home countries that they cannot apply in the U.S., but they instill a drive for education and professional success in their children.

The data suggests that the children of today’s immigrants from the Dominican Republic, Mexico or Guatemala who grew up in relatively poor families are doing just as well as the children of Norwegian, German and Italian immigrants of the past.  Like them, they are more likely than the children of equally poor U.S.-born parents to make it into the middle class or beyond.

Leah Boustan and Ran Abramitzk's findings are laid out in their book, “Streets of Gold: America’s Untold Story of Immigrant Success.

KJ

May 28, 2022 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, May 27, 2022

Historic hospital at Angel Island Immigration Station opens to public

 

Angel Island in San Francisco Bay was the place of the detention of many Chinese immigrants beginning in the late 1800s.   As reported in the San Francisco Chronicle, a new museums is in Angel Island State Park. It tells a story of immigration to the Pacific Coast.

The Angel Island Immigration Museum opened in January. It is located inside a former U.S. Public Service hospital built over 100 years ago.  The 10,000-square-foot museum is part of the 15-acre Immigration Station, which operated on the island between 1910 to 1940, in the northeast corner of the island.  The hospital just opened to the public,

Angel

KJ

May 27, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Today's Dreamers: Undocumented Graduates

Most of this year’s 100,000 undocumented high school graduates will not be eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA).  A new report by Phillip Connor at FWD.us reviews how the new graduates arrived after the DACA cutoff date of June 15, 2007. At the same time, "more than four in ten (43%) of this year’s undocumented graduates live in one of 28 states where they are denied full tuition equity, dramatically reducing many students’ ability to pay for higher education," limiting their access to professional training, work experience, and income to support themselves and their families.

KJ

May 27, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, May 26, 2022

Senators Urge Biden Administration to Address Disparate Treatment of Afghan and Ukrainian Refugees

 

As has been observed on this blog, Ukrainian and Afghan refugees have received very different treatment by the nations of the world. 

Senator Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) today led his colleagues in a letter to the Biden administration raising concerns about the stark inconsistencies in the treatment of humanitarian parole applicants from Ukraine and Afghanistan. The letter points out that while applications from Ukrainians are expeditiously processed through a new and cost-free “Uniting for Ukraine” program, applications from Afghans are subject to lengthier and expensive processing. Additionally, Afghans are required to complete an in-person consular interview and provide proof that they were personally targeted for violence by the Taliban, while Ukrainians do not need to complete an interview at the consulate and only need to prove that they lived in Ukraine at the time of the Russian invasion. The lawmakers further note that they admire the U.S. response to the Ukrainian refugee crisis, but would hope that the same welcoming and accommodating approach applied to all those fleeing humanitarian crises, wherever they occur.

“The inconsistent treatment of Afghan and Ukrainian humanitarian parole applications is troubling,” wrote the Senators. “Afghans and Ukrainians have turned to humanitarian parole because other pathways out of their respective countries and to the United States, such as family reunification, are inaccessible or backlogged, and therefore inadequate in the face of immediate danger. We urge USCIS to adopt an approach to Afghan parole applications that mirrors the new treatment of Ukrainian applications, including accelerating the processing of Afghan parole applications, waiving (or refunding) application fees, and not requiring a showing of targeted violence.”

A copy of this letter can be found HERE.

Senator Markey was joined in today’s letter by Senators Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.), Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Cory Booker (D-N.J.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), Tina Smith (D-Minn.), Patty Murray (D-Wash.) and Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass).

KJ

May 26, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: A Preliminary Literature Review on the Effect of Immigration on Australian Domestic Employment and Wages by Anna Boucher, Robert Breuing, and Cecilia Karmel

The Immigration Article of the Day is "A Preliminary Literature Review on the Effect of Immigration on Australian Domestic Employment and Wages" by Anna Boucher, Robert Breuing, and Cecilia Karmel.

The article was just published on May 17, 2022 in the Australian Economic Review and is available online here.

Here is the abstract:

The effects of immigration on domestic Australian employment levels and wages are ongoing and controversial topics. While this topic has been considered extensively in other countries, in particular the United States and the United Kingdom, these findings have limited application to Australia given differences in immigration settings between these contexts. We review the existing literature and conclude that further research in the Australian context is needed given its high rates of both permanent and temporary immigration, its complex visa structure, the unusual nature of its industrial relations system and the geographical concentration of its population. In particular, more attention to the temporary migrant population is required in future studies.

IE

May 26, 2022 in Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Replacement theory isn’t new – 3 things to know about how this once-fringe conspiracy has become more mainstream

 

As blogged about here, the shooter at the Buffalo market apparently was an adherent of the "Great Replacement Theory."  In the Conversation ("Replacement theory isn’t new – 3 things to know about how this once-fringe conspiracy has become more mainstream," Paul J. Becker and Art Jipson write that "the Buffalo mass shooting reignited discussion of replacement theory. This conspiracy isn’t new, but understanding its roots is helpful to understand its connection to extremism."

KJ

May 26, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

From the Bookshelves: Jenn Budd, Against the Wall (forthcoming June 2022)

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From Border Patrol Agent to Immigrant Rights Activist: A Podcast with Jenn Budd

Jenn Budd's book "Against the Wall" takes an unflinching look at the systemic misogyny and racism in the Border Patrol, and overcoming a childhood of trauma and abuse.

Here is the publisher's blurb on the book:

"Jenn Budd, the only former U.S. Border Patrol agent to continually blow the whistle on this federal agency’s rampant corruption, challenges us—as individuals and as a nation—to face the consequences of our actions. Her journey offers a vital perspective on the unfolding moral crisis of our time. She also gives harrowing testimony about rape culture, white privilege, women in law enforcement, LGBTQ issues, mental illness, survival and forgiveness.

Jenn Budd says: `I wrote Against the Wall to try to heal myself from a traumatic childhood, a sexual assault I survived while in the Border Patrol academy and a serious suicide attempt in 2015. Much like our border wall, my personal walls did not keep me safe. My trauma and the trauma I caused others only began to heal when I began tearing down my personal walls and facing my own prejudices and racism. Solving racial divisions begins with each of us. I hope my memoir will prompt more citizens to face our prejudices, dismantle institutionalized racism and be willing to listen to those we’ve harmed.'”

Click the link above to listen to the podcast.

KJ

May 26, 2022 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

New Report: The Biden Administration’s Dedicated Docket: Inside Los Angeles’ Accelerated Court Hearings for Families Seeking Asylum

A new report by students in UCLA Law's Immigrants' Rights Policy Clinic, “The Biden Administration’s Dedicated Docket: Inside Los Angeles’ Accelerated Court Hearings for Families Seeking Asylum,” was released today. UCLA Law students Tiffany Kim, Jordan Smiley, and Katherine Wardlaw co-authored the report, under the supervision of Professors Talia Inlender and Hiroshi Motomura

Screenshot 2022-05-26 001644As we have posted on the blog previously, over one year ago, the Biden administration launched a so-called “Dedicated Dockets” initiative to adjudicate the cases of families seeking asylum. The Docket, also sometimes referred to a "rocket docket" because of its focus on high-speed case adjudication, is now operating in eleven cities in the United States. The new report takes an in-depth look at the operation of the Dedicated Docket in Los Angeles and highlights due process concerns raised by the program's implementation.

The report’s findings are grim: 70% of people on the Dedicated Docket in Los Angeles are unrepresented, and 99% of completed cases as of February 1, 2022 resulted in removal orders. The impact on young children is also significant: nearly half of the Docket is made up of children, and a quarter are under the age of six. The report also found that 150 children--some less than a year old--were ordered removed in absentia, most without a lawyer.

IE

May 26, 2022 in Data and Research | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, May 25, 2022

Immigration Article of the Day: Crushing the Soul of Federal Public Defenders: The Plea Bargaining Machine’s Operation and What to Do About It by Walter I. Gonçalves, Jr.

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The Immigration Article of the Day is "Crushing the Soul of Federal Public Defenders: The Plea Bargaining Machine’s Operation and What to Do About It" by Walter I. Gonçalves, Jr., published in the Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 49, No. 4, 2022, which discusses plea bargaining, including the application of "fast track" programs to immigration crimes.

Here is the abstract:

Existing scholarship on the vanishing federal trial does not explain how assistant federal public defenders (AFPDs) have been affected by the plea-bargaining machine. Without an understanding of the repercussions to line attorneys, heads of federal public defender offices (FPDOs) cannot take proactive measures. The result is low morale among staff, difficulty training litigation skills, and lower quality representation. This state of affairs exacerbates non-trial resolutions as defenders know only how to push pleas.

FPDOs must train AFPDs to better screen cases for trial and improve courtroom litigation. They must also focus on how the plea-bargaining machine has affected racial minorities as seen in charging and sentencing disparities. The historical oppression of African Americans, Latinxs, and American Indians made it easier to justify laws that ignited plea-bargaining hegemony: sentencing guidelines, mandatory minimums, and fast-track programs.

David Patton, Executive Director for the Federal Defenders of New York, authored an influential essay published in the Yale Law Journal, “Federal Public Defense in an Age of Inquisition.” He compared federal practice in 2012, when he wrote it, to the time of Gideon v Wainwright. Patton concludes that today’s criminal defendant is more likely to be of color, in custody, face more prison time, and less likely to go to trial. While relevant a decade later, the analysis does not develop problems of race, nor realistic improvements.

The better theoretical lens considers race and supplies solutions through training. This Article shows how sentencing guidelines, mandatory minimums, and fast-track programs operate in AFPD work, highlights problems for defendants of color, and proposes strategies FPDOs can apply to blunt the impact of the decreasing trial rate.

IE

May 25, 2022 in Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (2)

New ICE Data Show Both Immigrants Detained and Monitored on ATD Increase in May

TRAC, a research institute at Syracuse University, updated their immigrant detention 'Quick Facts' yesterday with new data released by Immigration and Customs Enforcement. 

According to the organization's press release, TRAC found that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) held 22,281 immigrants in detention on May 7, 2022, the highest number in detention since the beginning of 2022.

The rest of the press release is shared below:

The number of immigrants monitored on ICE's electronic monitoring program known as ISAP or Alternatives to Detention continued its march upward to about 240,000. The vast majority of these, nearly 187,000, were monitored using a smartphone app called SmartLINK, while GPS ankle monitor use actually declined to less than 23,000, the smallest since 2020 when TRAC began tracking these data.

Importantly, these data show that the number of immigrants in detention and the number of immigrants monitored on ICE's Alternatives to Detention (ATD) program can increase at the same time. Although ICE calls its program "Alternatives" to Detention, the agency makes clear on its website that its ATD program is "not a substitute for detention, but allows ICE to exercise increased supervision over a portion of those who are not detained." Thus, growth in ATD supervision does not necessarily correspond to a decline in immigrant detention.

The Transactional Research Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) a research organization at Syracuse University created 'Quick Facts' tools to provide a user-friendly way to see the most updated data available on immigrant detention and the immigration courts. The tools include easy-to-understand data in context and provide quotable descriptions.

Highlights from data updated today on the immigration detention system provided by show that:

  • Immigration and Customs Enforcement held 22,281 in ICE detention according to data current as of May 7, 2022.

  • 16,034 out of 22,281—or 72.0%—held in ICE detention have no criminal record, according to data current as of May 7, 2022. Many more have only minor offenses, including traffic violations.

  • ICE relied on detention facilities in Texas to house the most people during FY 2022, according to data current as of May 5, 2022.

  • ICE arrested 5,083 and CBP arrested 20,317 of the 25,400 people booked into detention by ICE during April 2022.

  • Stewart Detention Center in Lumpkin, Georgia held the largest number of ICE detainees so far in FY 2022, averaging 1,080 per day (as of May 2022).

  • ICE Alternatives to Detention (ATD) programs are currently monitoring 239,957 families and single individuals, according to data current as of May 7, 2022.

  • Harlingen's area office has highest number in ICE's Alternatives to Detention (ATD) monitoring programs, according to data current as of May 7, 2022.

–Austin Kocher

May 25, 2022 in Data and Research | Permalink | Comments (0)