Tuesday, January 25, 2022
Earlier this month, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released an Enforcement Lifecycle Report that covers DHS activities in enforcement from 2014 to 2019. A full copy of the report is available here.
The report "describes the final or most current outcomes, as of March 31, 2020, associated with the 3.5 million Southwest Border encounters occurring between 2014 and 2019."
Historically, DHS data systems have been siloed, the report explains. This means that a single immigrant can "touch a dozen or more stand-alone data systems" and the reporting of what happens to them is not integrated.
The lifecycle report changes this. Apparently, they were able to capture "how aliens flow through the immigration enforcement process" by integrating data "from 19 different source systems central to the immigration enforcement process," matching "records by using individual and event identifiers from the different source systems and assigns a new person-level identifier to each unique individual appearing in one or more of the source datasets."
They sum up their findings as follows:
This 2019 Enforcement Lifecycle Analysis describes the final or most current outcomes of about 3.5 million Southwest Border encounters occurring between 2014 and 2019 as of March 31, 2020. It offers a very different lens into the enforcement process than our usual production tables. From 2014 to 2019, the demographic characteristics of aliens encountered at the Southwest Border have shifted away from single Mexican adult non-asylum seekers to Northern Triangle FMUA and UAC asylum seekers.
Encounters with these different groups tend to lead to different paths through the enforcement system, both in terms of whether and how quickly encounters are resolved and what resolution is reached: Encounters with Mexicans tend to lead to repatriations; encounters with Central Americans tend to remain unresolved; and encounters with nationals from countries other than Mexico or the Northern Triangle tend (on average) to lead to relief. Encounters with single adults tend to quickly lead to repatriations, while encounters with FMUAs and non-contiguous UACs tend to remain unresolved. Encounters with aliens who do not claim a fear of return to their home countries tend to be repatriated, while those who claim fear are more likely to remain in the United States and some eventually get relief