Tuesday, October 9, 2018
Brookings provides us with the latest basic facts about immigration to the United States:
- The foreign-born share of the U.S. population has returned to its late-19th-century level.
- The rising foreign-born share is driven by both immigration flows and low fertility of native-born individuals.
- About three-quarters of the foreign-born population are naturalized citizens or authorized residents.
- 80 percent of immigrants today come from Asia or Latin America, while in 1910 more than 80 percent of immigrants came from Europe.
- Immigrants are 4 times more likely than children of native-born parents to have less than a high school degree, but are almost twice as likely to have a doctorate.
- Immigrants are much more likely than others to work in construction or service occupations, but children of immigrants work in roughly the same occupations as the children of natives.
- Prime-age foreign-born men work at a higher rate than native-born men, but foreign-born women work at a lower rate than native-born women.
- Output in the economy is higher and grows faster with more immigrants.
- Most estimates show a small impact of immigration on low-skilled native-born wages.
- High-skilled immigration increases innovation.
- Immigrants contribute positively to government finances over the long run, and high-skilled immigrants make especially large contributions.
- Immigration in the United States does not increase crime rates.