Thursday, August 31, 2017

The Beat Goes On: President Trump making it tougher for immigrants to get permanent residency

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Things keep getting tougher for immigrants. 


Read more here: http://www.sacbee.com/news/politics-government/article170472367.html#storylink=cpy

August 31, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (2)

Justice Bus Marks 10 Years Of Providing Free Legal Counsel To California Immigrants

 

NPR has this short item on the Justice Bus, which  is celebrating its 10th year. Over the past decade, a bus full of volunteer lawyers, counselors and translators — all part of a program called OneJustice — have rolled up and down California giving free legal counsel to low-income people on immigration and naturalization law, veterans' rights and more. The group recently visited the San Fernando Valley to help immigrants who were qualified and ready to become citizens work through a maze of paperwork.

KJ

August 31, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

New Website: Plot Against DACA

As the uncertainty of DACA's future continues, a new website, plotagainstdaca.com, identifies various entities and individuals who have advocated for the repeal of the program.  The list includes funders, federal and state politicians, nonprofits, and Trump Administration officials. The website identifies John Tanton, founder of the Federation Against Immigration Reform (FAIR), as the architect of the anti-DACA movement. The website appears to have been created by the Center for New Community. 

-JKoh

August 31, 2017 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Caroline Corbin: Terrorists are Always Muslim But Never White

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Caroline Mala Corbin (University of Miami Law), 'Terrorists are Always Muslim But Never White': At the Intersection of Critical Race Theory and Propaganda; Fordham Law Review, Forthcoming

Abstract

When you hear the word “terrorist,” who do you picture? Chances are, it was not a white person. In the United States, two common though false narratives about terrorists who attack America abound. We see them on television, in the movies, on the news, and, currently, in the Trump Administration. The first is that “terrorists are always (brown) Muslims.” The second is that “white people are never terrorists.”  Different strands of critical race theory can help us understand these two narratives. One strand examines the role of unconscious cognitive biases in the production of stereotypes, such as the stereotype of the “Muslim terrorist.” Another strand focuses on white privilege, such as the privilege of avoiding the terrorist label. These false narratives play a crucial role in Trump’s propaganda. As the critical race analysis uncovers, these two narratives dovetail with two constituent parts of propaganda: flawed ideologies and aspirational myths. Propaganda relies on pre-existing false ideologies, which is another way to describe racist stereotyping. Propaganda also relies on certain ideals and myths, in this case, the myth of white innocence and white superiority. Thus, the Trump Administration’s intentional invocation of both narratives amounts to propaganda in more than just the colloquial sense.

Part I illustrates each of the two narratives. Part II analyzes them through a critical race lens, showing how they map onto two strands of critical race theory. Part III examines how these narratives simultaneously enable and comprise propaganda. Finally, Part IV argues that the propagation of these false narratives hurts the nation’s security.

-JKoh

August 31, 2017 | Permalink | Comments (0)

From the Bookshelves: The Sacco-Vanzetti Affair: America on Trial  by Moshik Temkin

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The Sacco-Vanzetti Affair: America on Trial  by Moshik Temkin (Yale University Press, 2011)

What began as the obscure local case of two Italian immigrant anarchists accused of robbery and murder flared into an unprecedented political and legal scandal as the perception grew that their conviction was a judicial travesty and their execution a political murder. This book is the first to reveal the full national and international scope of the Sacco-Vanzetti affair, uncovering how and why the two men became the center of a global cause célèbre that shook public opinion and transformed America’s relationship with the world.


Drawing on extensive research on two continents, and written with verve, this book connects the Sacco-Vanzetti affair to the most polarizing political and social concerns of its era. Moshik Temkin contends that the worldwide attention to the case was generated not only by the conviction that innocent men had been condemned for their radical politics and ethnic origins but also as part of a reaction to U.S. global supremacy and isolationism after World War I. The author further argues that the international protest, which helped make Sacco and Vanzetti famous men, ultimately provoked their executions. The book concludes by investigating the affair’s enduring repercussions and what they reveal about global political action, terrorism, jingoism, xenophobia, and the politics of our own time.

Temkin looks at what the Sacco-Vanzetti case can tell us about immigration politics today in this post on The Conversation.

KJ

August 31, 2017 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Joe Arpaio saga isn't over: Judge to decide if his conviction stands

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President Trump's pardon last Friday of former Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio, who was found guilty of criminal contempt for violating court orders in a civil rights lawsuit, continues to make news.  

The Arizona Republic reports that U.S. District Court Judge Susan Bolton canceled former Sheriff Joe Arpaio's upcoming sentencing hearing for his criminal contempt-of-court conviction.  However, Judge Bolton stopped short of throwing out the conviction as requested by Arpaio. She instead ordered Arpaio and the U.S. Department of Justice, which is prosecuting the case, to file briefs on why she should or shouldn't grant Arpaio's request.

Arpaio's attorneys asked Bolton on Monday to vacate Arpaio's conviction in light of President Donald Trump's Friday pardon.

Bolton has scheduled oral arguments on the matter for October 4.

There is case law that says a pardon implies an admission of guilt, and that will have to be argued in open court.

KJ

August 31, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

Deep in the Heart of Texas: Federal Court Enjoins Implementation of Core Provisions of Texas Anti-Sanctuary Law

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Breaking news!  Federal district judge Orlando Garcia entered a preliminary injunction enjoining the implementation of major provisions of Texas SB4, a controversial state-based immigration enforcement law.  The injunction was entered just days before the law was scheduled to go into effect.

Senate Bill 4 was one of Texas Governor Greg Abbott’s key legislative priorities and seeks to outlaw “sanctuary” entities, the common term for governments that don’t enforce the federal immigration laws as the U.S. government claims should be the case. 

SB 4 allows local law enforcement officers to question the immigration status of people they detain or arrest and seeks to punish local government department heads and elected officials who don’t cooperate with federal immigration "detainers" — requests by agents to turn over immigrants subject to possible deportation. Punishment could come in the form of jail time and penalties that exceed $25,000.

Judge Garcia halted the part of the bill that required jail officials to honor all detainers, and another that prohibits “a pattern or practice that 'materially limits' the enforcement of immigration laws.”

Here is the court's ruling in the case.   Download SB4 prelimnary injunction OLG 083017

KJ

August 31, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, August 30, 2017

Ninth Circuit Decision: Coast Guard's Racial Profiling of Latino an Egregious Fourth Amendment Violation

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In Sanchez v. Sessions, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in an opinion by Judge Harry Pregerson (and joined by Judges Richard Paez and Morgan B. Christen).  As described in the summary of the opinion, the panel held that Coast Guard officers who detained Sanchez committed an egregious Fourth Amendment violation because they seized Sanchez based on his Latino ethnicity alone. Accordingly, the panel held that the immigration judge erred in failing to suppress the Form I 213 (Record of Deportable/Inadmissible Alien), which was prepared after his immigration arrest and which the Government introduced to establish Sanchez’s alienage and entry without inspection. The panel also concluded that Sanchez was not seized at the United States border, where Fourth Amendment protections are lower.  The panel further held that, because Coast Guard officers detained Sanchez solely on the basis of his Latino ethnicity,the officers violated an immigration regulation, 8 C.F.R. § 287.8(b(2), which provides that an immigration officer may briefly detain an individual only if the officer has “reasonable suspicion, based on specific articulable facts” that the person is engaged in an offense or is an alien illegally in the United States. Accordingly, the panel held that Sanchez’s removal proceedings must be terminated based on the regulatory violation because the regulation is designed to benefit Sanchez, and Sanchez was prejudiced by the violation.

Hat tip to Professor Carter White.

KJ

August 30, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

ICE Plans to Start Destroying Records of Immigrant Abuse, Including Sexual Assault and Deaths in Custody

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ICE is seeking National Archives and Records Administration approval to destroy a range of documents related to abuses in ICE custody, including death investigations, solitary confinement records, and sexual abuse investigations. In some cases, the destruction timeline is as short as 3 years; the longest is only 20 years. NARA has preliminarily approved the request.

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For more details, see here and here.

Hat tip to Yoshinori Himel and Carl Takei.

KJ

August 30, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Semper Fi? Decorated Marine vet may be deported, despite likely U.S. citizenship

In fact, a federal judge has already ruled that George Ybarra is a citizen. Even so, federal authorities have continued to work to deport him.

A series of mistakes and crimes on Ybarra's part and a pattern of failures by U.S. officials have led a man to spend more than a decade in and out of the corrections system, with the veteran stranded once again in an immigration detention center. Ybarra has severe PTSD symptoms, drug problems and criminal convictions (including firing a rifle in the direction of police), but his family and attorney said he needs treatment, not banishment.

For details, check out the story at the link above.

Hat tip to my colleague, Professor Elizabeth Joh!

KJ

August 30, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

ABA's Advice for Border-Crossing Attorneys: Use Burner Devices

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Tijuana Border Crossing Traffic by Jay Glavin

It's no secret that searches of electronic devices at the border are on the rise. After all, the government's power of search and seizure is "at its zenith" at the border.

So how should lawyers with sensitive client information on laptops and computers handle border crossings?

The ABA recommends leaving devices with sensitive information at home. Instead, lawyers should consider traveling with "burner" devices - that is, computers and phones without sensitive information on them. Lawyers abroad should connect to client files through a VPN (virtual private network).

For now, this is a suggestion. But Fordham Law prof Bruce Green notes that as lawyers become more aware of the risk posed by traveling across border with client information, it may become an ethical violation for lawyers to do so.

As a relatively frequent border crosser myself, I never take a laptop unless necessary. If a laptop is needed, I make sure to take a clean machine without any data on it. I haven't yet succumbed to the pull of a burner phone, but I also don't have client data on my mobile device.

-KitJ

August 30, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Hiroshi Motomura on DACA

 

UCLA Law Professor Hiroshi Motomura takes on some of the myths about DACA.

KJ

August 30, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Remembering the Dead

Migrants who survived the world’s deadliest route tell the stories of those that didn’t

From the International Organization for Migration:  Princess, Patrick and Amadou lost loved ones as they tried to reach Europe through the Sahara Desert and Libya. For every life lost on migration routes, there is at least one life changed forever back home.
Here is Princess's story:
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“My husband and I sold everything we had, and with 600 dollars in our pockets, we left for Europe. We wanted to try and provide a better life for our four children — now we only have three. On our way to Libya, my three-year-old son died. The pick-up car they piled us into was very small and overcrowded. There were about 50 people inside with no food or water. People were dying left and right.”
Click the link above for more stories.
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KJ

August 30, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

'I'm Not A Racist, I'm Argentine!': Racism in the Latina/o Community

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On this week's episode of NPR's Code Switch, a viral video gives us the opportunity to talk about racism towards and within the Latino community. When a Latino flipped over a street vendor's cart in Los Angeles, many were surprised it was a Latino-on-Latino incident. We'll talk about why the video is surprising and why it isn't.

KJ

August 30, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

Tuesday, August 29, 2017

CSLSA 2017 Scholarship Conference

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The Central States Law Schools Association 2017 Scholarship Conference will be held on Friday, October 6 and Saturday, October 7 at the Southern Illinois University School of Law in Carbondale, Illinois. Law faculty from across the country are invited to submit proposals to present papers or works in progress.

The conference is not subject specific, but usually includes panels on immigration, international law, and criminal law. From experience, I can report that CSLSA provides a friendly, intimate, and collegial setting in which to present scholarship. It's open to both junior and senior scholars.

You can click here to register. The deadline for registration is September 2, 2017.  

I hope to see some of you at the conference this year!

-KitJ

August 29, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (5)

At the Movies: The Fable of the Lion and the Coyote

 

The International Office of Migration has released the documentary, The Fable of the Lion and the Coyote, directed by Costa Rican filmmaker and producer, Miguel Gómez.

The film, divided into five chapters, tells the story of Talawa, a reggae band formed by Alonso Rojas, Gerardo Quirós, Bryan Chavarría, Francisco Barboza and Andrés Solano. The documentary is inspired by the life-threatening journey of the band and their sound engineer Juan Carlos Briceño, through Central America to the United States, without American visas, and motivated by the false expectations of a tour contract.

The documentary exhibits the risks that the group’s members faced during their two-week journey, from malnutrition to the theft of their musical instruments and death threats from a migrant smuggler. Additionally, the members describe how they almost lost their lives while trying to cross the Rio Grande River that divides Mexico and the US. 

KJ

August 29, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

Illinois, Denver Pass Laws on State/Local Cooperation with Federal Immigration Enforcement

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Two new jurisdictions have new laws designed to limit state and local cooperation with federal immigration enforcement .

Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner signed into law yesterday a law to prevent law enforcement officials across the state from detaining individuals based solely on their immigration status, and limit local agencies’ cooperation with federal immigration authorities.  The governor signed Senate Bill 31, known as the Illinois TRUST Act.   

The measure will prohibit police officers and other law enforcement officials from stopping, detaining, or arresting anyone based solely on their immigration status or an immigration detainer – effectively limiting the role of local authorities in the enforcement of federal immigration laws.  Nothing in the bill – which was scaled back from its original form through negotiations involving advocacy groups, law enforcement, businesses and other stakeholders – prohibits agencies from communicating with immigration authorities, and local authorities can hold individuals if presented with a criminal warrant. The bill also includes a provision to require law enforcement agencies to provide officers with guidance on complying with the law.

With a 10-0 vote, the Denver City Council unanimously passed the Denver Public Safety Enforcement Priorities Act yesterday, essentially meaning Denver will have set rules for how city employees interact with immigration officials.  Denver city employees, like officers, will not collect information on immigration status. The city won’t detain anyone beyond that person’s sentence on behalf ICE. The city won’t share anyone’s citizenship states for the purpose of immigration enforcement. The city will not allow ICE agents into jail without a warrant. Exceptions to these rules include necessary peace-keeping, or following a warrant from a federal judge.  The ordinance does not prohibit the sheriff’s office from notifying ICE if someone wanted for deportation is leaving the jail.  the law's sponsors have said this law will help undocumented immigrants feel comfortable calling police when needed, as well as give the city confidence that city resources are dedicated to Denver issues.

KJ

August 29, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (2)

Immigrants and Hurricane Harvey

Among the potential victims of the Hurricane Harvey are hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants who live in Houston and other hard-hit parts of Texas.  The storm is devastating the region just days before a new state law cracking down on sanctuary cities is scheduled to take effect. Advocates say it presents an entirely new set of challenges for a population already reeling from accelerated state and federal enforcement of immigration laws.

I looked at the impacts of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 on immigrant communities in this article.  The article may be useful in evaluating the governmental responses to Hurricane Harvey.  

Part I of the Article summarizes the context surrounding the Hurricane Katrina disaster and how the stage was set for a racially-charged debate over the government's actions in response to the disaster as well as the mistreatment of immigrants. Part II critically analyzes how government harshly treated immigrants in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and how political failure within administrative agencies contributed to this treatment, just as it has throughout U.S. history. This structural flaw further helps explain why we know so little about the silent suffering of immigrants in the wake of Hurricane Katrina and, more generally, in American social life. It also suggests deep problems with the lack of political accountability of the immigration bureaucracy to noncitizens.

As it turns out, Hurricane Katrina is symptomatic of a more general problem in the governance of the United States. A shadow population of millions of undocumented immigrants who are abused and exploited, live in the United States and lack any formal input into the political process. They, along with many lawful immigrants, hold second class status in U.S. social life and, more specifically, are part of a low wage caste of color. Although more diluted than the old racial caste in place in the days of Jim Crow, it is a racial caste no less, marked by a subordinated status and subject to exploitation. To make matters worse, the democratic problem identified in this article is not limited to the immigration bureaucracy, but is a more general problem of U.S. government.

KJ

August 29, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

Monday, August 28, 2017

Editorial Cartoon Skewers Trump on Harvey, Arpaio

Check out this political cartoon by Nick Anderson for the Houston Chronicle.

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President Trump did pardon Arpaio the same day that Hurricane Harvey made landfall in Texas. You might not have made that connection given your understandable outrage over the pardon itself and/or terror for friends and family in Harvey's wake. It was the same day.

And a few days later, as Texas was dealing with historic flooding (which pretty much everyone agrees will require federal help to recover from), President Trump doubled down on his call for a wall between Mexico and the United States.

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That's significant because, as you'll recall, President Trump has threatened to shutdown the government if that wall isn't funded. And when the president was asked whether he'd stand by his call for a shutdown in the face of the Harvey crisis, he said that Harvey "has nothing to do with" the "separate" issue of a wall-related shutdown.

-KitJ

August 28, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (1)

With Arpaio Pardon, Trump Shows NO Commitment to Civil Rights

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Over the weekend, a bipartisan group of political leaders — including Arizona Sens. Jeff Flake and John McCain, as well as House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis. — condemned President Trump’s pardon late last week of Maricopa County (Arizona) Sheriff Joe Arpaio.

For more than two decades, the controversial sheriff struck fear into the hearts of immigrants and U.S. citizens of Mexican ancestry in Arizona. A respected federal court judge appointed by President George W. Bush, Murray Snow, found that Arpaio, and his sheriff’s office, aggressively — and lawlessly — used racial profiling to enforce immigration laws.

Defeated for re-election in 2016, the controversial sheriff had made a name for himself in unabashedly claiming that he wanted to aggressively enforce U.S. immigration laws. But publicity stunts showed cruelty and insensitivity toward inmates under his protection.

Arpaio, for example, made inmates wear pink underwear and suffer the heat outdoors in scorching Arizona summers. Undocumented immigrants were forced to live in a segregated “tent city” that Arpaio bragged was a “concentration camp.”

The nation has faced similar civil rights issues raised by Arpaio’s refusal to follow the rule of law. Southern segregationists in the 1950s and 1960s expressed views not that different from those expressed by contemporary alt-right activists and white supremacists. They, too, had to be schooled on the rule of law.

In one of the most famous examples, President Eisenhower in 1957 deployed federal troops to enforce the Supreme Court’s decision outlawing segregated schools in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) so that African-American children, known as the Little Rock 9, could attend Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas.

Presidential pardons at times have been controversial. President Ford’s pardon of President Nixon for his role in the Watergate cover-up is a leading modern example. However, an American president never has pardoned a person who repeatedly, willfully and intentionally refused to comply with court orders aimed at ending mass violations of the civil rights of racial minorities.

Arpaio was pardoned despite a judge’s ruling that found him guilty of criminal contempt. A neutral federal judge, Susan Bolton, presided over the trial on criminal contempt and, after hearing testimony from Arpaio himself, found him guilty.

In addition to the civil rights violations, Arpaio undermined the fundamentals of the legal process. For a law enforcement officer to be found liable for criminal contempt is serious business. This explains why Attorney General Jeff Sessions reportedly told Trump that he could not drop the charges against Arpaio. And it explains why Republicans and Democrats alike are condemning the Arpaio pardon.

Trump has founded his presidency on enforcing the U.S. immigration laws. But his pardon of Arpaio is inconsistent with the rule of law. The president justified the pardon by saying that the sheriff “was just doing his job.” However,“his job” as a law enforcement officer does not include breaking the law.

First, Arpaio was found to have engaged in a pattern and practice of racial discrimination in law enforcement against Latinos. Second, Arpaio was punished for intentionally violating court orders. Both offenses are antithetical to the rule of law. The efforts to nullify a court order vindicating the civil rights of vulnerable minorities are precisely the kinds of actions of the Southern segregationists of the 1950s and 1960s.

We are living in a time of deep political division and disturbing challenges to our Constitution. The nation has seen civil unrest unfold as violent clashes, including in California this past weekend, take place between white supremacists and counter-protesters. Trump and his followers have inflamed passions by claiming that immigration laws must be enforced with impunity.

In pardoning Arpaio, however, the president does not appear to be equally committed to enforcement of civil rights laws. He has demonstrated this through his pardon of Arpaio, as well as in his response to the troubling events in Charlottesville.

Trump seems to be siding with those opposed to federal civil rights law — and against the rule of law — by his continued attacks on the independence of the judiciary. That message is not what the nation needs at this time.

KJ

August 28, 2017 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (2)