Friday, December 9, 2016
The "Mexican repatriation" of the 1930s, the mass removal of persons of Mexican ancestry from the United States in the 1930s that has been documented in the book by Francisco Balderrrama and Raymond Rodriguez, Decade of Betrayal, is a little-known blemish on American civil rights and immigration history. I have referred to it as the "forgotten repatriation." This chapter in U.S. history has had a deep historical impact on the sense of belonging of persons of Mexican ancestry in the United States.
“It is long past time for us to have a complete accounting of this dark period in our nation’s history,” said Congresswoman Roybal-Allard. “As the first Mexican-American woman elected to Congress, I have been proud to call for the first-ever official inquiry into the Mexican Repatriation. The commission I have proposed in this bill will help us get the full facts about these removals, and recommend appropriate legislative actions we can take going forward. This commission will add its voice and power to the continued efforts of advocates throughout the country to ensure the Mexican Repatriation is never forgotten and never repeated.”
During the Mexican Repatriation, men, women, and children of Mexican ancestry were removed from the U.S. in response to public pressure to curtail the employment of Mexican-Americans during the Great Depression. Massive raids were conducted on Mexican-American communities, targeting individuals of Mexican ancestry even when they were U.S. citizens or permanent legal residents. The raids also separated these U.S. citizens and permanent legal residents from their families, and deprived them of their livelihoods and constitutional rights. Many of the people who were removed were never able to return to the United States, the country of their birth.
The commission will consist of seven members, three appointed by the President of the United States, two by the Speaker of the House (in consultation with the House Minority Leader), and two by the President pro tempore of the Senate (in consultation with the Senate Minority Leader). The commission members will review the facts and circumstances surrounding the Repatriation removals, and the impact of these removals on these individuals, their families, and the United States’ Mexican-American community. It will also review past directives of federal, state, and local governments that required the removal of these individuals to Mexico, and any other information related to these directives. Finally, the commission will submit to Congress a written report of its findings and recommendations.