Wednesday, November 27, 2013
Willie Nelson joins activists and artists on album, “Provecto De Amor” in support of immigration reform, education
Here is the story on this album. Willie Nelson, a country music icon, joined Carlos Santana, Los Lonely Boys, Alberto Cortez, Alex Lora from El Tri to record an album, Provecto de Amor. Willie Nelson sings the English translation to ‘Claro Que Se Puede (Yes, We Can), and Santana, Los Lonely Boys and Del Castillo sing it in Spanish.
CNN reports that thirty Haitian migrants were dead and dozens of others were rescued after their overloaded sail freighter grounded and capsized off Staniel Cay, Bahamas, the U.S. Coast Guard said Tuesday. NPR reports here.
For many years, Haitian migrants fleeing poverty and political turmoil have been risking the trip on the seas.
From the Bookshelves: American Value: Migrants, Money, and Meaning in El Salvador and the United States by David Pedersen
Over the past half-century, El Salvador has transformed dramatically. Historically reliant on primary exports like coffee and cotton, the country emerged from a brutal civil war in 1992 to find much of its national income now coming from a massive emigrant workforce—over a quarter of its population—that earns money in the United States and sends it home. In American Value, David Pedersen examines this new way of life as it extends across two places: Intipucá, a Salvadoran town infamous for its remittance wealth, and the Washington, DC, metro area, home to the second largest population of Salvadorans in the United States. Pedersen charts El Salvador’s change alongside American deindustrialization, viewing the Salvadoran migrant work abilities used in new lowwage American service jobs as a kind of primary export, and shows how the latest social conditions linking both countries are part of a longer history of disparity across the Americas. Drawing on the work of Charles S. Peirce, he demonstrates how the defining value forms—migrant work capacity, services, and remittances—act as signs, building a moral world by communicating their exchangeability while hiding the violence and exploitation on which this story rests. Theoretically sophisticated, ethnographically rich, and compellingly written, American Value offers critical insights into practices that are increasingly common throughout the world.
Tuesday, November 26, 2013
From Congresswoman Lucille Roybal-Allard
MEMBERS OF CONGRESS WANT ANSWERS ON BORDER PATROL ABUSES
Request meeting with Acting CBP Commissioner to probe agency’s use of force policies
Washington, D.C. – Yesterday, led by Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA) and Rep. Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ), 20 members of Congress wrote to the Acting Commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) requesting a meeting to discuss the agency’s use of force policies.
Their letter (see below) comes a week after it was reported that CBP has elected not to implement a key recommendation made by the Police Executive Research Forum. The widely respected law enforcement policy organization had urged the agency to restrict the use of deadly force in situations involving rock throwers and people in vehicles. CBP also continues to resist full public disclosure of its use of force policies despite a series of deaths and widespread allegations of abuse involving CBP personnel.
“Although CBP is making progress,” said Rep. Roybal-Allard, “I remain deeply concerned about the lack of transparency which continues to hamper our efforts to hold the agency accountable. I also strongly believe CBP should move swiftly to implement the best practices of law enforcement, including the recommendations of the Police Executive Research Forum, to prevent incidents of abuse and deaths involving agency personnel.”
“The Border Patrol has not been as forthcoming as possible about how it uses force in the name of public safety, and that needs to change,” Rep. Grijalva said. “If the American people don’t believe the Border Patrol will answer honest questions about its conduct, the mission will suffer. It’s time for some accountability and transparency. I agree with the people of the border region and the entire country that that’s not too much to ask.”
Since 2010, at least 19 people have died in incidents involving certain CBP officers. Among those killed were minors, U.S. citizens and individuals who were on the Mexican side of the border when CBP personnel opened fire.
Last month, the DHS Office of Inspector General (DHS OIG) released a report entitled, “U.S. Customs and Border Protection Use of Force Training and Actions to Address Use of Force Incidents.” This investigation criticized CBP’s deficient system for recording events involving the use-of-force by CBP personnel and noted that more than 1,000 allegations of excessive force by the agency were filed from 2007 to 2012.
November 25, 2013
Thomas S. Winkowski
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20229
Dear Acting Commissioner Winkowski:
Under your leadership, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has taken significant steps to respond to a series of incidents that called into question the adequacy of CBP’s use of force policies. CBP commissioned both internal and external policy reviews, and you recently announced a series of policy changes in response to the findings of these inquiries. We welcome these developments and commend your commitment to addressing the factors that may have contributed to cases of abuse and deaths involving CBP personnel. We write to request a meeting with you to discuss in greater detail CBP’s plans for improving its use of force policies and practices, including oversight and accountability mechanisms.
Since January 2010, at least 19 individuals have died as a result of encounters with CBP officers and agents. Among those killed were minors, U.S. citizens and individuals who were on the Mexican side of the border when CBP personnel opened fire. Prompted by these incidents, in May 2012, members of Congress requested an analysis of CBP’s use of force policies by the Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General (DHS OIG). The resulting inquiry found that fully 1,187 complaints of excessive use of force were reported to CBP between 2007 and 2012. The DHS OIG also determined that your agency lacks an adequate system for tracking use of force incidents across and within its various complaint mechanisms. The absence of a streamlined, integrated complaint process represents a serious barrier to building a culture of accountability within the agency.
As you know, CBP also conducted its own internal review of its use of force policies and commissioned an independent inquiry by the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF). Together, we understand the three investigations produced at least 90 separate recommendations. You have rightly taken this input seriously, announcing a series of important policy changes. On September 25th, CBP committed to implementing new training and tactics, acquiring better equipment for its personnel, and establishing improved systems for auditing use of force incidents, among other measures.
Unfortunately, the two-page outline of forthcoming policy changes issued by CBP in September was not comprehensive and did not include a firm timeline for implementation. In addition, we are concerned by reports that CBP may not be aggressively implementing key PERF recommendations, including restrictions on the use of lethal force in certain situations, which would better align agency policies with the best practices of comparable law enforcement entities. Further, we remain troubled that, to date, CBP has yet to make public the results of any investigation of deaths involving allegations of excessive use of force by CBP personnel.
For these reasons, we look forward to a detailed discussion of your plans to improve CBP’s complaint, investigation, and disciplinary processes. We are also interested in learning more about your plans for implementing the recommendations of the three reviews of CBP’s use of force policies—particularly given the size of your workforce and the resource constraints you face—and how you intend to measure the success of any policy changes made in response to these reports. Further, we strongly encourage you to consult with the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice on the development and implementation of any new policies and training programs. Finally, we look forward to discussing the ways in which your agency intends to use information gathered from complaints to improve the training and supervision of officers.
To better inform our understanding of CBP’s current policies, we also request copies of the CBP use of force policy handbook; the CBP internal study on use of force; the CBP Internal Affairs guidance regarding the processing and investigation of use of force complaints; and the PERF review of your agency’s use of force policies and practices.
Thank you for your attention to our request for a prompt meeting and for your commitment to improving the effectiveness, transparency and integrity of your agency. We look forward to continuing to work with you to ensure that CBP’s performance matches the high expectations of the American people.
CONGRESSWOMAN LUCILLE ROYBAL-ALLARD
CONGRESSMAN RAÚL M. GRIJALVA
CONGRESSMAN BETO O’ROURKE
CONGRESSMAN XAVIER BECERRA
CONGRESSWOMAN YVETTE D. CLARKE
CONGRESSMAN LUIS V. GUTIÉRREZ
CONGRESSMAN MICHAEL M. HONDA
CONGRESSMAN ALBIO SIRES
CONGRESSMAN SAM FARR
CONGRESSWOMAN ZOE LOFGREN
CONGRESSWOMAN DINA TITUS
CONGRESSWOMAN MICHELLE LUJAN GRISHAM
CONGRESSMAN RUBÉN HINOJOSA
CONGRESSMAN FILEMON VELA
CONGRESSMAN JAMES P. McGOVERN
CONGRESSMAN TONY CÁRDENAS
CONGRESSMAN THEODORE E. DEUTCH
CONGRESSWOMAN JUDY CHU
CONGRESSMAN MARC A. VEASEY
CONGRESSMAN BEN RAY LUJÁN
From the Bookshelves: US Immigration Reform and Its Global Impact: Lessons from the Postville Raid by Erik Camayd-Freixas
US Immigration Reform and Its Global Impact: Lessons from the Postville Raid by Erik Camayd-Freixas
Providing an insider's view of US immigration enforcement and detention, US Immigration Reform and Its Global Impact unravels the post-9/11 national security agenda that led to the devastating Postville Raid of 2008 and its global ramifications. This incisive historical analysis unveils the hidden ideologies within immigration policy—uncovering forms of labor, demographic, and electoral control. Rich eyewitness accounts and voices from across the political spectrum paint a vivid picture of labor migration in the era of globalization. Camayd-Freixas employs theories of human mobility in terms of migration spheres to convey practical and historical lessons, illuminating a much-needed roadmap for enlightened immigration reform.
Erik Camayd-Freixas is Professor of Hispanic Studies at Florida International University. He has testified before Congress, contributed as amicus curiae to the U.S. Supreme Court, and received numerous human rights awards. He has lectured internationally on cultural studies, immigration, labor, ethics, and human rights.
This report provides the total number of receipts and approvals, by quarter and by month for the most recent quarter, for all applications and petition form types submitted to USCIS for adjudication.
This report contains information on requests for consideration of DACA relief. The cumulative number of requests received and accepted for processing, biometrics appointments scheduled, requests under review, and requests approved and denied are displayed. The report also shows the number of accepted and approved requests from the top countries of origin and location of residence.
Here is Vivek Wadhwa's proposal. It includes passage of a series of bills, including
1. The Dream Act
2. A startup visa to allow foreign entrepreneurs to set up shop in the United States
3. An increase in the number of permanent-resident visas for foreign doctors, scientists, and engineers.
4. Provide temporary work visas for unskilled workers in non-farm jobs, such as in hospitality, food processing, construction, cleaning, and maintenance.
5. Expand the numbers of H-1B visas according to market demand
At Nearly 100,000, Immigration Prosecutions Reach All-time High in FY 2013: Illegal Re-entry Prosecutions Jump 76% During Obama Administration
The latest available data from the Justice Department show that during FY 2013 immigration prosecutions reached an all-time high, with new cases being filed against 97,384 defendants. This number is up 5.9 percent over the past fiscal year, and up 22.6 percent over the past five years, according to the case-by-case information analyzed by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse (TRAC) and obtained from the Executive Office for United States Attorneys under the Freedom of Information Act.
It seems that Miley Cyrus is always in the entertainment news lately -- and not always in the best light. On a non-scandalos note, a few months back the former Disney star used her substantial Twitter following to make a call for immigration reform.
"Don't waste the talents of undocumented youth. Tell Congress it is time for immigration reform. Sign the petition at http://www.thedreamisnow.org ," Cyrus tweeted.
The link leads to a site for The Dream is Now, an activist group that is pushing for United States immigration reform, in particular the passage of the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors (or DREAM) Act.
API Undocumented Immigrants Respond to Obama's Speech on Immigration Reform: You can stop deportations now
As Professor Villazor blogged, President Obama's remarks on immigration in San Francisco yesterday in support for immigratrion reform were interrupted by activisits who want the deportations to be halted immediately. Patience apparently is wearing thin among those who have pushed for reform for years. Here is a bit more detail on what happened yesterday.
Asian Students Promoting Immigrant Rights through Education (ASPIRE), the nation's first undocumented Asian immigrant organization, asked President Obama at his speech on immigration reform in San Francisco's Chinatown to stop deportations. Ju Hong, an ASPIRE member, spoke out during the President's speech. He asked,
"Mr. President, please use your executive authority to halt [deportations]. We agree that we need to pass comprehensive immigration reform, but at the same time, you have the power to stop deportations."
Members in the crowd joined ASPIRE and SF Dream Team members, who were next to Hong, in chanting, "Yes, you can. Stop the deportations!" Mr. Obama replied, "Actually, I don't, and that's why we're here."
As the Obama administration approaches almost 2 million deportations, ASPIRE in a press release has requested the following from President Obama:
Explain your legal analysis for why you, as the chief executive, do not have the authority to stop deportations today. An average of 1,100 immigrants are deported every day under your administration. How can you support immigration reform while at the same time brutally enforcing our broken immigration system at the rate and speed that you do? You referred to the holidays in your speech. Isn't this the perfect time to finally exercise your executive powers to halt deportations and keep our families together? And won't that put much needed pressure on the House to pass real immigration reform?
We respectfully await your prompt response.
The President has broad discretion in law enforcement in general and in immigration law enforcement in particular. This discretion includes: the power to choose whether to bring enforcement actions against specific individuals or categories of people, and the power to interpret existing laws and regulations. The President also has the authority to end or modify existing enforcement programs, including Operation Streamline and Secure Communities. Both are programs created by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) that are not required by law. Executive power made possible Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), which can be expanded more broadly to protect families.
"As an undocumented immigrant, my power comes through my voice. President Obama, you have the executive power to stop the pain in our communities. You said you are just following the law. But as you have acknowledged, our immigration laws are broken. The law also does not require you to deport 400,000 a year. You cannot support us while deporting thousands of our community members every day. We don't need any more speeches. We need you to take real action," says Ju Hong, ASPIRE member.
"An executive order from President Obama is the catalyst for immigration reform. As ASPIRE, we have organized countless lobby visits in Washington D.C. and throughout California to try and fix our broken immigration system. We also have hosted townhalls supporting just and humane reform, and put ourselves at risk engaging in civil disobedience. But the suffering of our communities who are facing deportation and languishing in detention centers continues unabated. So we are using our voices to tell you directly what our community needs and what you can do today," May Liang, campaign organizer and member of ASPIRE.
ASPIRE is the first pan-Asian undocumented youth organization in the nation. We started with a few young people looking for help with their undocumented status at Advancing Justice - Asian Law Caucus in San Francisco. ASPIRE has grown to an organization of 50+ members in the last 5 years. We educate people about immigration reform, advocate for more just policies on immigration, and mobilize undocumented youth and allies for actions to push for fair and inclusive immigration.
Immigration Article of the Day: Assessing the Effects of Recent Immigration on Serious Property Crime in Austin, Texas by Richard Stansfield, Scott Akins, Rubén G. Rumbaut and Roger B. Hammer
Assessing the Effects of Recent Immigration on Serious Property Crime in Austin, Texas by Richard Stansfield, Scott Akins, Rubén G. Rumbaut and Roger B. Hammer, Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 56, No. 4 (Winter 2013): 647-672
Abstract: In this article the authors examine the impact of recent immigration on rates of serious property crime across communities in Austin, Texas. The greater Austin foreign-born population has increased by more than 580 percent since 1980, and Austin is considered a “pre-emerging” immigrant gateway city to the United States. The changing population dynamics in Austin provide an excellent opportunity to study the effect of recent immigration on crime in a target destination for recent immigrants. Although interest in the relationship between violent crime and immigration to new locales is evidenced by recent studies that show less favorable outcomes for Latinos in new destinations, little attention has been directed to the relationship of recent immigration with serious property crime in new destinations. Negative binomial regression models with corrections for spatial auto-correlation indicate that recent immigration is not associated with an increased rate of burglary, larceny, or motor vehicle theft once important structural predictors of crime are controlled for.
This article complements an earlier analysis of immigration and homicide in Austin over the same period: Immigration, Economic Disadvantage, and Homicide: A Community-Level Analysis of Austin, Texas.
Monday, November 25, 2013
Kevin Johnson blogged earlier, President Obama is in San Francisco today to, among other things, discuss immigration reform. During his speech, Ju Hong, a member Asian Students Promoting Immigrant Rights through Education (ASPIRE), spoke out and said, "Mr. President, please use your executive authority to halt [deportations]. We agree that we need to pass comprehensive immigration reform, but at the same time, you have the power to stop deportations."
President Obama responded, "Actually, I don't, and that's why we're here."
Here's the link to the video:
What are your thoughts? Should President Obama use his executive authority to halt deportation?
EUROPE'S DEADLY BORDER By David Bacon in the Boston Review tells the story of a migrant tragedy in a journey by sea from Africa to Eureope. On the night of October 3 a beat-up, unseaworthy freighter left a dock in Tripoli, on the Libyan coast, carrying a human cargo of 500 migrants. Almost all had made an arduous overland journey from Eritrea and Somalia, through North Africa. This trip across the Mediterranean Sea was the last leg that would bring them to Europe. The ship limped across the strait towards the southernmost piece of Italy, Lampedusa -- a small island closer to Libya than to Sicily. It never made it. In sight of the islet of Conigli its engines quit and it began to take on water. Passengers panicked. One set a blanket on fire to signal for help from shore or a passing boat. But the flames spread to the engine's spilt fuel, which exploded. People ran from the blaze, and their shifting weight capsized an already old unsteady vessel. They were thrown into the sea. Most couldn't swim. They could see the lights of Lampedusa, but they couldn't get to them. Only 155 were able to tread water long enough to be finally picked up. The other 359 people drowned, many of them children.
On Friday, December 6, 2013, the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, along with the Foundation for Criminal Justice, the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law, the Association of Prosecuting Attorneys, the Center for Nu Leadership on Urban Solutions, and the New York County Lawyers’ Association will host an all-day conference, Criminal Justice in the 21st Century: Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparity in the Criminal Justice System: Advancing the Reform Dialogue Through Action. This event is a one year follow-up to a three-day convening on racial and ethnic disparities, which was co-sponsored by the same organizations and held in October 2012 in New York. The current agenda for the December 6th event can be found below. The December 6th conference will take place from 7:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m. at New York University-Washington, DC Campus, Constance Milstein and Family Global Academic Center, 1307 L Street NW, Washington, DC 20005.
From Mari Quenemoen, Policy Manager at the Southeast Asia Resource Action Center (SEARAC), posted for the Diverse Elders Coalition
Caught in the Deportation Machine: Elders, Family Separation, and Immigration Reform
This year, the Obama administration will surpass the 2 million mark – this is, it will have deported 2 million people since 2008, more than any other administration in history. The largest numbers of people being deported are those without legal status, but many Green card holders are also among the 2 million deportees. Since 1998, over 13,000 Southeast Asians (from Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam) have been deported, including many Green card holders who arrived in the U.S. decades ago as refugees fleeing war and genocide. The majority of those deported are under the age of 35, but many elders also get caught in the deportation machine. Even more elders who remain in the U.S. suffer emotionally and financially when their adult children are taken away.
Despite official Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) guidance that agents should not “expend detention resources” on those who are elderly, many immigrant elders are detained and deported. According to information gathered through a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request by the NYU School of Law Immigrant Rights Clinic, the Immigrant Defense Project, and Families for Freedom, between 2005 and 2010 the New York City ICE Field Office apprehended 1,275 noncitizens over the age of 55, and of these, at least 141 were subject to mandatory detention. Seniors struggle more than most in detention – they are more likely to be Limited English Proficient, and are more likely to suffer from health problems and dementia.
Huyen Thi Nguyen, an elderly Vietnamese woman, was detained in an immigration detention center for 16 months after serving her sentence for cash-for-food stamp fraud. She continues to fight her deportation, while suffering from mild dementia. Claudette Hubbard escaped LGBT violence in Jamaica in 1973 and became a U.S. Green card holder. She has been detained by ICE for over two years because of a 20-year-old conviction from a drug charge, even though she has fully rehabilitated and is mother and grandmother to U.S. citizens.
Deportations Harm the Children and Parents of Those Deported
Human Rights Watch estimates that between 1997 and 2007, 1,012,734 people lost an immediate family member to deportation – and this figure does not take into account the almost 2 million people deported under the current administration. The Applied Research Center (now Race Forward) found that in the first six months of 2011 alone, more than 46,000 parents of citizen children were deported, leaving many in foster care or Child Protective Services. A survey conducted in 2004 revealed that 70% of deportees and family members exhibited signs of post-traumatic stress disorder, including hopelessness, despair, sadness and shock.
In the Cambodian community, elders whose children are deported may suffer especially severely because of already high rates of poverty and poor mental health. According to 2010 American Community Survey numbers compiled by the Southeast Asia Resource Action Center (SEARAC), 22% of Cambodian elders over 65 live in poverty, compared with 9% of elders in the general population. Many elders came to the U.S. after fleeing the genocide, during which nearly every Cambodian family lost at least one and usually multiple members to starvation, torture, and murder. A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association of several hundred Cambodian adults in Long Beach, CA, between 2003 and 2005 found that 62% exhibited signs of PTSD and 51% suffered from major depression. Rates increased with age – older Cambodians were more likely to be suffering from mental health issues than average. The deportation of a son or daughter can have a devastating impact on Cambodian elders, who may suffer retraumatization and extreme financial hardship.
Loeun Lun, whose story was featured in the film “Sentenced Home”, arrived in the U.S. as a refugee in 1981 when he was 6 years old. His mother suffered from depression and PTSD, and they lost his father when he was a young child. After struggling throughout his adolescence to adapt in his new, poor Long Beach neighborhood, Loeun was convicted of two counts of assault for shooting a gun in the air during a confrontation when he was 19. No one was hurt, but he served 11 months in jail. After his release, Loeun changed his life. He became the primary caretaker for his aging mother, working at two factory jobs while studying for his MBA. He married his U.S. citizen girlfriend, had two daughters, paid off debts, and moved his family to the suburbs. However, despite turning his life around, the old criminal charge came back to haunt him. Loeun was arrested by ICE in 2002 and deported to Cambodia a year later. Leoun’s elderly mother was emotionally devastated by the loss of her son, and now has no one to care for her.
Time for Real Immigration Reform that Keeps Families Together
Comprehensive immigration reform would help keep many undocumented families together. But current proposals in Congress would not help someone like Loeun, whose crime is categorized as an “aggravated felony” under immigration law. Because current laws are so harsh and rigid, even the terrible impact on Loeun’s children, wife, and mother could not prevent him from being deported. Elderly immigrants, including Green card holders, can also be deported regardless of age, physical or mental health, or length of time in the U.S. if they have a criminal record in their history that fits under the broad range of convictions and sentences that result in mandatory deportation. We need true immigration reform that prioritizes keeping all families together, including those like Loeun’s, Claudette’s, and Huyen Thi Nguyen’s.
Today, the Center for American Progress released a new report examining the treatment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, or LGBT, immigrants in U.S. immigration facilities. A congressional mandate requires Immigration and Customs Enforcement to hold 34,000 immigrants each day who may be subject to removal for violations of administrative immigration law in more than 250 detention facilities nationwide, including county and private jails. LGBT immigrants in immigration detention facilities face an increased risk of abuse in detention.
News reports are focusing today on President Obama as he continues his West Coast trip, traveling to San Francisco to raise campaign money and talk about immigration. Obama, flies to San Francisco this morning and visits the Betty Ann Ong Chinese Recreation Center to discuss immigration. While calling on the House to act, Obama will insist that a final immigration bill include strengthened border security and creation of "an earned path to citizenship" for people who are already in the country illegally, said the White House.
Watch live here at 11:35 a.m. PST.
Immigration Article of the Day: The Criminalisation of Migration in Europe: A State-of-The-Art of the Academic Literature and Research by Joanna Parkin
The Criminalisation of Migration in Europe: A State-of-The-Art of the Academic Literature and Research by Joanna Parkin, Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) October 25, 2013 Liberty and Security in Europe Papers No. 61
Abstract: In the last 30 years, a clear trend has come to define modern immigration law and policy. A set of seemingly disparate developments concerning the constant reinforcement of border controls, tightening of conditions of entry, expanding capacities for detention and deportation and the proliferation of criminal sanctions for migration offences, accompanied by an anxiety on the part of the press, public and political establishment regarding migrant criminality can now be seen to form a definitive shift in the European Union towards the so-called ‘criminalisation of migration’. This paper aims to provide an overview of the ‘state-of-the-art’ in the academic literature and EU research on criminalisation of migration in Europe. It analyses three key manifestations of the so-called ‘crimmigration’ trend: discursive criminalisation; the use of criminal law for migration management; and immigrant detention, focusing both on developments in domestic legislation of EU member states but also the increasing conflation of mobility, crime and security which has accompanied EU integration. By identifying the trends, synergies and gaps in the scholarly approaches dealing with the criminalisation of migration, the paper seeks to provide a framework for on-going research under Work Package 8 of the FIDUCIA project.
The new release Hunger Games: Catching Fire is an action-packed escape vehicle. A government to be paranoid of, athletic (kind of anyway) competition, a rebellion, what else could you want in a movie?
The Hunger Games has been involed in discussions of immigration. Last summer, a crackdown on immigration, in which 140 people were arrested in the United Kingdom, was likened to "The Hunger Games" after the Home Office was accused of targeting people based on their ethnicity before arresting them.
A few years ago, Presidential hopeful Rick Santorum caused controversy when he suggested that a real-life Hunger Games could solve U.S. immigration problems. The Hunger Games tells of a young womanl who is forced by an oppressive government to take part in a televised battle to the death with other “tributes.” In an interview with conservative host Sean Hannity, Santorum spoke at length about the popular series as well as a proposed immigration act which would give 24 contestants the opportunity to earn U.S. citizenship.