Friday, March 29, 2013
From the Arizona Daily Star:
Most Mexicans deported from the United States will keep trying to re-enter the country regardless of the penalties they face, a new University of Arizona-led study says.
"People have strong ties to the U.S.," said Daniel Martinez, one of the study's main investigators and an assistant professor of sociology at George Washington University.
"Regardless of the mode of removal, they are going to try again," Martinez said through a video news conference from Washington Thursday.
From 2010 to 2012, a binational group of researchers interviewed more than 1,000 Mexican nationals who had been deported to six Mexican cities, including Nogales.
More than half of those surveyed said they were going to try to cross again. The figure rises to 70 percent when counting only those who consider the United States home.
The portrait of the average illegal immigrant had been that of seasonal laborers and young single men with no real ties to the United States. But as enforcement and the cost of crossing illegally has increased, experts say many have decided to build their lives here instead of going back and forth.
Among those who were interviewed, one-fourth said they had U.S.-born children and 28 percent considered the United States home.
31: average age of the deportee
$280: average monthly income before trying to cross into the U.S.
74%: had previously lived or worked in the U.S.
Seven: the median number of years the deportees had spent in the U.S.
25%: had a U.S.-born child