Sunday, August 28, 2011
In September 1968, Congress authorized President Lyndon B. Johnson to proclaim National Hispanic Heritage Week, which was observed during the week that included Sept. 15 and Sept. 16. The observance was expanded in 1988 by Congress to a month-long celebration (Sept. 15 - Oct. 15).
Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18, respectively.
In honor of Hispanic Heritage Motth. The U.S. Census has collected information on a webpage about Hispanics in the Unitred States. Here are some interesting tidbits:
50.5 million The Hispanic population of the United States as of April 1, 2010, making people of Hispanic origin the nation's largest ethnic or race minority.
Hispanics constituted 16.3 percent of the nation's total population. In addition, there are 3.7 million residents of Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory.
43% Percentage increase in the Hispanic population between April 1, 2000, and April 1, 2010, making Hispanics the fastest-growing minority group.
132.8 million The projected Hispanic population of the United States on July 1, 2050. According to this projection, Hispanics will constitute 30 percent of the nation's population by that date.
35.3 million The number of Hispanics counted during the 2000 Census.
22.4 million The nation's Hispanic population during the 1990 Census.
148% The percentage increase in the Hispanic population in South Carolina between April 1, 2000, and April 1, 2010, the highest of any state.
4.7 million The Hispanic population of Los Angeles County, Calif., in 2010. This is the highest of any county.
96% Proportion of the population of Webb County, Texas, that was Hispanic as of 2010. This is the highest proportion of any county.
$38,039 The median income of Hispanic households in 2009.
25.3% The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2009, up from 23.2 percent in 2008.
32.4% The percentage of Hispanics who lacked health insurance in 2009, up from 30.7 percent in 2008.
1.1 million The number of Hispanics or Latinos 18 and older who are veterans of the U.S. armed forces.