Monday, February 6, 2023

Reports on California Immigrants

Two interesting California Public Policy Institute reports:

Immigrants in California

Cesar Alesi Perez, Marisol Cuellar Mejia, and Hans Johnson

Almost a quarter of immigrants in the US live in California. Most of the state’s immigrants are documented residents, and the vast majority come from either Latin America or Asia.


California’s Highly Educated Immigrants

Marisol Cuellar Mejia, Cesar Alesi Perez, Hans Johnson

Recent immigrants to California are among the most educated residents of the state. More than half of the working-age immigrants who arrived over the past ten years hold a bachelor’s or graduate degree.



February 6, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

NPR: The Evolving Politics of Busing Migrants from the US/Mexico Border


NPR looks at the evolving reactions to the busing of migrants from the US/Mexico border region, which initially was championed by Republican governors.

Hat tip to Nolan Rappaport.


February 6, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Why Not a Humanitarian Climate Visa?

image from latest episode on the Changing Climate, Changing Migration podcast of the Migration Policy Institute features Ama Francis, a climate displacement strategist with the International Refugee Assistance Project and Columbia Law School’s Sabin Center for Climate Change Law.

One interesting idea advocated by Ama Francis on the podcast is a Humanitarian Climate visa for climate displaced people from climate vulnerable areas. The visa could have two-step eligibility that asks, first, if the person is from an area particularly prone to climate impact. Second, the visa could evaluate vulnerability. As Francis points out, there is an example of such a visa from Argentina, which in 2022 approved a new humanitarian visa to enable people displaced regionally by climate disasters (in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean) to access the visa.

You can listen to the full episode here.


February 6, 2023 in Data and Research | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, February 5, 2023

'Last Of Us' Star Pedro Pascal Talks of Family Fleeing Pinochet's Chile on SNL


Last of Us” star Pedro Pascal hosted “Saturday Night Live” last night.  Near the tail end of his monologue, "Pascal, born in Chile, slipped into a quick summary of his life that became suddenly emotionally powerful as he spoke about moving to the U.S. when his parents escaped the repressive Pinochet regime with his sister and him when he was just nine months old."

“They were so brave, and without them I wouldn’t be here in this wonderful country,” he said, his voice breaking. “And I certainly wouldn’t be standing with you all here tonight.”

He issued a heartfelt message to them, then translated: “I love you, I miss you — and stop giving out my phone number."




February 5, 2023 in Current Affairs, Film & Television | Permalink | Comments (0)

Northwest ICE center uses ‘chemical agents’ on immigrant detainees


Here is a disturbing report from the Pacific Northwest.   for the Seattle Times reports that the private company that operates the immigrant detention center in Tacoma, Washington has confirmed using “chemical agents” this week in the midst of protests over allegedly inadequate food and unsanitary conditions.

"GEO Group guards at the Northwest ICE Processing Center [(and here)] took the measure after U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement authorized `non-lethal use of force' in response to a confrontation during a housing unit inspection that discovered contraband razor blades, an ICE spokesperson said.

The unit’s detainees barricaded their door before the chemical agents were used, according to GEO and a witness, and multiple reports say a hunger strike is taking place at the facility, though that’s contested by GEO."

According to a member of a group that follows conditions at the detention center, this was the first time she’s heard of chemical agents being used at the facility.  There have been reports of the use of tear gas at other immigrant detention centers.




February 5, 2023 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, February 4, 2023

Real Housewives of New Jersey: Immigration Update

There's no shame in admitting it, I know that some of y'all immprofs are using the Real Housewives of New Jersey to teach crimmigration. Specifically, the sentencing and deportation of Giuseppe “Joe” Giudice.

Have you followed the key updates since his 2019 deportation?

So what's the latest?

His oldest daughter, Gia Giudice (22), will be graduating from Rutgers this Spring and will be joining, you guessed it, an immigration law practice! To be clear, she's not graduating law school -- she's only 22! But she plans to attend law school in the future. For now she'll be getting experience working at a law firm. (Hey, Rose, looks like Rutgers Law has some recruiting to do!)


February 4, 2023 in Current Affairs, Teaching Resources | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, February 3, 2023

Republicans oust Congress Member Ilhan Omar from House Foreign Affairs Committee

Rep. Ilhan Omar

Official House Photo

Rather than seeking to pass legislation, Congress has begun its new session with political maneuvering.  As the BBC reports, congressional Republicans have ousted Democrat Ilhan Omar from the House Foreign Affairs Committee ostensibly because of past comments about Israel.  "But Democrats and Ms Omar said it was revenge after two Republicans were ousted from committees in 2020 when Democrats held a House majority.

Ms Omar also suggested she was being removed due to her being a Muslim woman who immigrated to the US [from Somalia] as a refugee."

Omar's official website states that "In 2016 she was elected as the Minnesota House Representative for District 60B, making her the highest-elected Somali-American public official in the United States and the first Somali-American State Legislator. "

Republicans secured a majority in the House of Representatives in the midterm elections.  Members voted along party lines to remove Representative Omar from the Foreign Affairs Committee.



February 3, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Close to 1,000 migrant children separated by Trump yet to be reunited with parents

Nearly 1,000 migrant children separated at the U.S./Mexico border under President Trump’s still have not reunited with their parents, despite the Biden administration’s reunification effort, reports Ted Hesson of Reuters. In fact, "[t]he number of new families identified continues to increase, as families come forward and identify themselves," per a DHS fact sheet. The task force claims to have reunited 600 families. 

Alejandro Mayorkas, Secretary

Official DHS Photo

Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro N. Mayorkas released the following statement regarding the Family Reunification Task Force’s progress:

“Today is the second anniversary of the Family Reunification Task Force that President Biden established soon after he assumed office. Thanks to the tireless work of public servants across the federal government and the critical partnership of non-governmental organizations, the Department of Homeland Security and the Task Force it leads has thus far reunited more than 600 children who were separated from their families under the prior administration’s “zero-tolerance” policy.

“Today we recognize the dedication of those who have helped reunite these families, and we reaffirm our commitment to work relentlessly to reunite the other families who suffered because of the prior cruel and inhumane policy – a policy that did not reflect the values of our nation. 

“We understand that our critical work is not finished. There are 148 children who are currently in the process of being reunited with their families. The Task Force continues to coordinate outreach to families who were separated to ensure they are afforded the opportunity to reunite in the United States and receive critically needed behavioral health services to address the trauma they suffered.

“We remain steadfast in our commitment to fulfill President Biden’s pledge to reunify all children who were separated from their families under the “zero-tolerance” policy to the greatest extent possible, and we continue to work diligently to incorporate the foundational principle of family unity in our policies and operations.”    


February 3, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

For Mixed-Status Students, Immigration Reform Is the Only Hope

The Nation magazine cover - 18-25 June 2018.jpg

Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Yamila Martinez for the Nation reminds us of the many Americans in mixed status families:

February 3, 2023 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, February 2, 2023

The U.S. Southern Border: Repeating History in Response to Humanitarian Challenges

The Biden administration and the new House Judiciary Committee both treat the U.S. southern border as a crisis. It is very disappointing that the Biden administration buys into this rhetoric. Violence and unrest force thousands of residents from El Salvador, Guatemala, and other regions of Central America to flee from their homes, seeking safety in the United States. Upon arrival, they are detained. Asylum is denied at high rates. Migrant children are held for long periods of time, while their parents are arrested. Enforcement policies are implemented to deter asylum seekers, while legal challenges are filed to restore due process and to challenge detention conditions. This picture describes the circumstances facing Central American and other migrants today, but the images aptly describe what took place in the 1980s as well.

Then, as now, the United States' approach to what is essentially a mixed refugee flow has been mischaracterized as an illegal immigration problem. As a result, U.S. strategy has predominately been motivated by a desire to deter people from coming. Many of the tactics used in the 1980s are the same today. What we should have learned then, and what should be clear to us now, is that deterrence is not only wrong, but given the challenge, deterrence policy simply will not work. In the process, refugees are forced to endure more unnecessary hardship. In order to really move forward, we have to learn from the lessons of the past. We have refused to treat mixed refugee flows in our hemisphere-- principally from Latin America, and additionally Haiti--as humanitarian challenges rather than illegal immigration challenges.

There is a better way than simply repeating our mistakes of the past. The solution begins with recognizing the challenge for what it is--tens of thousands of human beings--fleeing serious violence. We need to invest in a fair and efficient adjudicatory process and get serious about working with partners in the region to increase citizen security, and reduce poverty. Yes, we should demand more from the governments we support, but the demand should not be a mindless “stop your people” from leaving or forcing displaced persons from seeking protection in other violent states. The demand should be about security and investment for citizens of the region.
Spending billions on harsh border enforcement that preys on human beings seeking refuge is wrongheaded. Rather, we should focus on reducing the need for people to migrate while ensuring we have fair and humane procedures in place domestically, regionally, and internationally to handle those who flee and have claims for protection. We also should be re-thinking refugee definitions themselves--criteria fixed in a period of time long past that are overly restrictive, inadequate to deal with the gang and gender-based violence that we are increasingly seeing. At the same time, we need to re-think our commitment to fair legal process. For decades, the process has been entirely inadequate, further contributing to the pressures on our system. Relying on the goodwill of pro bono attorneys and under-funded legal services programs is a severely deficient approach that I have witnessed and participated in since the 1970s.
In short, let's learn from and acknowledge our past and current mistakes. Then let's implement policies and procedures that are cognizant of the reasons migrants are fleeing today, while working on sensible, regional solutions.
Read more here.

February 2, 2023 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Border Wars: Witnesses Present Very Different Characterizations of the U.S./Mexico Border

As a whole, the Republican witnesses claimed that the border was in chaos, out of control, and open. 

El Paso County Judge Ricardo Samaniego, who was invited by Democrats to testify, offered a counter to that perspective.  Here is his statement, which begins as follows:

"My name is Ricardo Samaniego, I am an elected County Judge of El Paso, Texas, one of the safest large communities in America and the Veterans Capital of the USA, where I serve a population of almost  900,000 residents in a metroplex consisting of El Paso, Texas, Ciudad Juarez Mexico, and Las Cruces, New Mexico. These three cities form a combined international metropolitan area of 2.7 million individuals and constitutes the largest bilingual and binational work force in the Western Hemisphere. I am honored to share the El Paso story."

Judge Samaniego was specific about his observations:

"We have learned much about how to safely, humanely, and expeditiously treat asylum seekers who pass through our community on their way to unite with sponsors. I am here today to share our El Paso story, a success story, which strikes the delicate balance of security and compassion. Before I tell you our story, however, I must disabuse you of information which I personally know to be false:

  1. There is no “Open Border” in El Paso. Immigrants seeking asylum largely present themselves to Border Patrol for processing. El Paso is required to abide by the same immigration laws that other border communities must follow. 
  2. There is no invasion of migrants in our community, nor are there hordes of undocumented immigrants committing crimes against citizens or causing havoc in our community. Saying as much continues a false racist narrative against these individuals that perpetuates violence that the El Paso community is all too familiar with, when our citizens were targets of a racially motivated mass shooting on August 3, 2019, that killed 23 El Pasoans and wounded an entire
  3.  Humanitarianism and security are not a binary choice. It is the federal government’s responsibility to do both. We in El Paso, with sufficient financial support, can assist the federal government in fulfilling its mandate. Chaos is not the answer.


February 2, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

At the Movies: Guerrilla Habeas


Here is a film that ImmigrationProf blog readers may find of interest.  TIME magazine review the film:  "In the new documentary Guerrilla Habeas, filmmakers Emma Wall and Betsy Hershey advance an urgent argument about immigration courts: they function differently and apart from the American judicial system, often to the detriment of immigrants themselves."  The website for the film states that "GUERRILLA HABEAS tells the story of two intrepid lawyers in their crusade against US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the epidemic of deportations tearing individuals from their families and communities."


February 2, 2023 in Current Affairs, Film & Television | Permalink | Comments (0)

Texas, Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Nebraska, South Carolina, West Virginia, Kansas, and Mississippi Seek 2-Year DACA Wind-Down


Photo of Judge Andrew Hanen courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) saga continues.  Britain Eakin for Law360 writes on the latest episode in the attempts of conservatives to dismantle a policy that has provided limited, yet important relief to young undocumented immigrants since 2012.  Recall that the Supreme Court in 2020 held that the Trump administration had unlawfully attempted to rescind the policy.  The Court decided the case on administrative law grounds and did not rule on the lawfulness of DACA.

In a summary judgment motion filed earlier this week, several states (Plaintiffs Texas, Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Nebraska, South Carolina, West Virginia, Kansas, and Mississippi) asked a federal district court to require the Biden administration to wind down the DACA policy within two years.  The basic claim is that DACA is unlawful.

A court order currently bars the administration from processing new DACA applications, while permitting the consideration of renewal applications.

The Fifth Circuit last October affirmed U.S. District Judge Andrew S. Hanen's July 2021 ruling that DACA was in effect unlawful.  "However, the Fifth Circuit did not weigh in on the Biden administration's rule on the DACA program, saying in its Oct. 5 decision that it lacked an adequate administrative record to determine if the new rule [proposed by teh Biden administration] differed materially from Obama's 2012 memo. The court sent the case back to Judge Hanen for further review, spurring the states' supplemental complaint [and the summary judgment motion]."


February 2, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, February 1, 2023

WaPo Editorial Board Calls for Aslyum System Fixes

Today, the Washington Post Editorial Board printed an opinion piece titled Asylum has become a parallel immigration system. Here’s how to fix that. It's a genuinely interesting read, coming as it does from journalists as opposed to immigration experts.

Here are some of the more interesting nuggets:

  • "Last year, DHS asked Congress for funds to expand its roughly 1,000 asylum officers by 2,000 — a staffing level that would have also helped DHS work through its half of the asylum backlog, DHS officials say. Congress funded no expansion; it should find the money."
  • "The Justice Department should get more immigration judges.. though... The 600 or so it has represents a doubling since 2014, and still the caseload has grown. Even with 500 more judges, it would take eight years to work through the immigration court backlog..."
  • "One key to a more functional asylum system lies outside of it, in wider channels for legal immigration."
  • "the United States should seek to share responsibility with other countries to resettle asylum seekers"

I've highlighted the idea I personally find the most compelling.


February 1, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

From The Bookshelves: Daughters of the New Year by E.M. Tran


There's a cold front rolling through Oklahoma which means I'm looking forward to a night of cozying up under a blanket and reading. Would I also be doing this in August? Sure. But when there's snow on the ground, it's more socially acceptable.

What to read? What to read?

Daughters of the New Year by E.M. Tran looks promising. Check out this promo:

What does the future hold for those born in the years of the Dragon, Tiger, and Goat?

In present day New Orleans, Xuan Trung, former beauty queen turned refugee after the Fall of Saigon, is obsessed with divining her daughters' fates through their Vietnamese zodiac signs. But Trac, Nhi and Trieu diverge completely from their immigrant parents' expectations. Successful lawyer Trac hides her sexuality from her family; Nhi competes as the only woman of color on a Bachelor-esque reality TV show; and Trieu, a budding writer, is determined to learn more about her familial and cultural past.

As the three sisters begin to encounter strange glimpses of long-buried secrets from the ancestors they never knew, the story of the Trung women unfurls to reveal the dramatic events that brought them to America. Moving backwards in time, E.M. Tran takes us into the high school classrooms of New Orleans, to Saigon beauty pageants, to twentieth century rubber plantations, traversing a century as the Trungs are both estranged and united by the ghosts of their tumultuous history.

A “haunted story of resilience and survival” (Meng Jin, Little Gods), Daughters of the New Year is an addictive, high-wire act of storytelling that illuminates an entire lineage of extraordinary women fighting to reclaim the power they’ve been stripped of for centuries.


February 1, 2023 in Books | Permalink | Comments (0)

Noon PST Today on Zoom: Professor Kelly Lytle Hernandez on Her Book Bad Mexicans: Race, Empire, and Revolution in the Borderlands


Bad mexicans

Bad Mexicans: Race, Empire, and Revolution in the Borderlands

Join us TODAY as UCLA Professor of History, African American Studies, and Urban Planning Kelly Lytle Hernández discusses the migrant rebels who sparked the 1910 Mexican Revolution from the United States.

Kelly Lytle Hernández is a professor of History, African American Studies, and Urban Planning at UCLA where she holds The Thomas E. Lifka Endowed Chair in History and directs the Ralph J. Bunche Center for African American Studies. One of the nation’s leading experts on race, immigration, and mass incarceration, she is the author of Migra! A History of the U.S. Border Patrol (University of California Press, 2010), City of Inmates: Conquest, Rebellion, and the Rise of Human Caging in Los Angeles (University of North Carolina Press, 2017), and Bad Mexicans: Race, Empire, and Revolution in the Borderlands (Norton, 2022). She also leads Million Dollar Hoods, a big data research initiative documenting the fiscal and human cost of mass incarceration in Los Angeles. For her historical and contemporary work, Professor Lytle Hernández was named a 2019 MacArthur “Genius” Fellow. She is also an elected member of the Society of American Historiansthe American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the Pulitzer Prize Board.

REGISTER HERE for livestream,  The event is open to the community.

Co-sponsored by UC Davis Aoki Center for Critical Race and Nation Studies, Global Migration Center, and Chicana/o Studies Department.


UPDATE 1:30 PST Feb. 1:  Professor Lytle Hernandez offered a wonderful summary of her book.  In discussing the violence against -- including lynching of -- persons of Mexican ancestry in the Texas/Mexico border region, she recommended looking at the website Refusing to Forget.  It provides a wealth of information about the horrific violence and offers background about, among other things, the role of the Texas Rangers in all of it.  Eduardo Diaz of the Smithsonian also suggested this resource on a museum exhibit on lychings ("The Starngest Fruit").  


February 1, 2023 in Books, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, January 31, 2023

U.K. Has Lost Track of >200 Children Seeking Asylum

Several news outlets are reporting on the United Kingdom's recent acknowledgement that it has lost track of more than 200 children seeking asylum. According to a letter penned by charitable organizations, the missing children had been housed in hotels run by the Home Office (the U.K. agency responsible for migration). The charities fear these children have been "trafficked and criminally exploited."

Apparently, the Home Office began housing children in hotels two years ago. That was supposed to be a temporary measure. And yet, two years on, the practice persists. Children are supposed to be turned over to "local authorities" for care (presumably something akin to a state child protective services).

The numbers cited in the letter are large. "4600 children have been accommodated in these hotels since July 2021 with 440 missing episodes and 200 children who have never been found."


January 31, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Polaris Study of Human Trafficking Survivors: National Survivor Study

Trafficking Survivors Experience Serious Economic and Social Barriers After Exploitation

Polaris, s leading organization to end sex and labor trafficking in North America has published the National Survivor Study, essential research of human trafficking survivors in the United States.  

The study found that survivors face substantial barriers to recovery following exit from their trafficking experience. Key data findings include: 

  • 43 percent of survey respondents were making under $25,000 per year, compared to 26 percent of the general US population.
  • 54 percent of respondents reported that their own resourcefulness was one of their most valuable sources of support. 
  • 40 percent of respondents reported some kind of criminal record as a result of their trafficking experience.
  • Over 60 percent of respondents reported experiencing financial abuse by their trafficker.

These results demonstrate that survivors of human trafficking in the United States are far from thriving, and that the systems that are supposed to support them are failing. 

Download the full report for further data about the survivor experience.


January 31, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

DHS Secretary Mayorkas credits new immigration policy for decline in illegal crossings


Department of Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas credits new immigration policy for decline in illegal crossings.  In a press statement on January 25, the DHS stated:

" Encounters of Cuban, Haitian, Nicaraguan, and Venezuelan non-citizens attempting to cross the southwest border unlawfully has decreased drastically since President Biden announced an expanded parole program for these individuals, putting the month of January on track to see the lowest levels of monthly border encounters since February 2021.

Preliminary numbers from January show that encounters of Cubans, Haitians, Nicaraguans, and Venezuelans crossing unlawfully between ports of entry at the southwest border declined 97% compared to December. . . .  

`These expanded border enforcement measures are working,' said Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas. `It is incomprehensible that some states who stand to benefit from these highly effective enforcement measures are seeking to block them and cause more irregular migration at our southern border.'”


January 31, 2023 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, January 30, 2023

Assessing executive authority behind Biden's parole program for Venezuela

Recently, I was asked by a reporter how the challenge to Biden's executive authority to issue a student loan relief program implicates immigration policy. The most pressing immigration example is the humanitarian parole program for Venezuelan and Cuban, Haitian, Nicaraguan asylum seekers. Other examples of immigration programs that rest on Presidential authority similarly rely on the president's constitutional powers or pure executive discretion similar to parole. These include special parole programs to benefit Ukraine, Haiti, Cuba, Central American youth, and historically military families, Filipino, Vietnam, Laos, and earlier waves of Haitians and Cubans. Afghanistan does not have a special program, but they fall into mechanisms for the evacuation and settlement of Afghan citizens following the military withdrawal. Whether or not they are legally authorized turns partly on the design of the program, as well as the Constitutional and statutory claims. (Stuart Anderson wrote about the refugee crisis on the Immigrationprof blog here.)

The other executive actions currently before the US Supreme Court include regulaton of the US-Mexico border through Title 42 and the DHS enforcement priorities. They may turn on cross-cutting issues about the INA and other substantive policies. The recent decision upholding Biden's decision to end the Migration Protection Protocols (and here) may bear on these rulings, too. 

Still others challenges are to executive programs accompanied by agency actions (e.g. DACA) and primarily entail APA challenges. (Among other copious writings, see a compilation of the agency examples in my co-authored piece with Daimeon Shanks that will come out in the Maryland Law Review in a few weeks.)

What struck me about the inquiry is the number and range of programs under the Biden adminstration and on the heels of the Trump and Obama administrations. I was also struck by the range of other policy arenas that may be implicated, including the environment. What it points to is that immigration law has become a fertile site for understanding the core of administrative law; it is no longer an exceptional case. 


January 30, 2023 | Permalink | Comments (0)