Sunday, September 25, 2022

ACLU Says Immigration Detention Facility Should Be Shut Down

he American Civil Liberties Union is calling on the Biden administration to close one of its privately run immigration detention centers after a Brazilian asylum seeker killed himself while he was being held in the New Mexico facility.

The Torrance County Detention Facility in Estancia, New Mexico has been under scrutiny for months. In an unusual step earlier this year, the Department of Homeland Security inspector general issued an alert calling for the Biden administration to relocate the detainees immediately."

The ACLU claims that conditions at the Torrance facility are “atrocious.” Records describe "structural issues with the building and complaints by detainees that they could not reach their lawyers and that the drinking water was making them sick."

The situation at Torrance revives a debate over the mass detention of immigrants, including asylum seekers, in private facilities.

September 25, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Inside Trump’s Plot to Send Rapists and Killers To ‘Destabilize’ Liberal Cities

Official White House Photo

As noted on this blog during his term in office, President Trump took immigration enforcement to new and frightening levels.  He set a particular tone and approach to immigration.  In that vein, the Rolling Stone in Inside Trump’s Plot to Send Rapists and Killers To ‘Destabilize’ Liberal Cities by Asawin Suesaeng and Nikki McCann Ramirez report that "before Ron DeSantis’ Martha’s Vineyard stunt , . . then-[P]resident [Trump] asked his team to take migrants suspected of violence and bus them to blue states and metropolitan areas."   

September 25, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Latinxs Reshaping Law & Policy in the U.S. South by Luz Herrera & Pilar Margarita Hernandez Escontrias



Latinxs Reshaping Law & Policy in the U.S. South by Luz Herrera & Pilar Margarita Hernandez Escontrias, Southern California Review of Law and Social Justice, Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 1-66, 2022


This article addresses the key law and policy levers affecting Latinxs in what the U.S. Census Bureau designates as the South. Since the rise of the Latinx population from the 1980s onward, few legal scholars and researchers have participated in a sustained dialogue about how law and policy affects Latinxs living in the South. In response to this gap in legal research, this article provides an overview of the major law and policy challenges and opportunities for Latinxs in this U.S. region. Part II examines the geopolitical landscape of the South with special focus on the enduring legacy of Jim Crow and White supremacy, as well as provides a brief demographic overview of Latinxs in this part of the county. Part III delves into law and policy issues related to political mobilization, immigration, education, and economic opportunity. We explore each policy area by drawing on a diverse universe of knowledge: U.S. Census data, research papers and projects, published interviews, legislation, social science research, newspaper and media profiles, and judicial opinions. Part IV of this article offers a vision for building Latinx political power in the South rooted in coalition building and identifying networks of activism.


September 25, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, September 24, 2022

New Report from Amnesty International: ‘They Did Not Treat Us Like People’: Race and Migration-Related Torture and Other Ill-Treatment of Haitians Seeking Safety in the USA

AmnestyThis week, Amnesty International released a new report: ‘They Did Not Treat Us Like People’: Race and Migration-Related Torture and Other Ill-Treatment of Haitians Seeking Safety in the USA

The report shows how U.S. authorities have subjected Haitian asylum seekers to arbitrary detention and discriminatory and humiliating ill-treatment that amounts to race-based torture.

According to Amnesty International, these human rights violations, along with mass expulsions under Title 42, are the latest chapter in a long history of detention, exclusion, and the practice of trying to deter Haitians seeking safety in the United States, rooted in systemic anti-Black discrimination.

The report shows that successive U.S. administrations have tried to deter Haitian people from claiming asylum in the United States through the application of various policies designed to intercept, detain, and remove them, starting in the 1970s and continuing with Title 42.

A full copy of the report is available here.



September 24, 2022 in Data and Research | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration, crime propel Europe's move to right, analysts say


Photo from Brexit Campaign Courtesy of Don Roth

News from across the pond.   In Europe, political analysts point to Sweden and Italy as possible harbingers of a political mood shift across the continent driven by a growing wariness of immigrants as well as anger over crime.  Melissa Rossi for Yahoo! News reports that

"The startlingly strong performance of the far-right Sweden Democrats in this month’s Swedish parliamentary elections and polls showing that the nationalist Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia) party is poised for victory in this weekend’s contests in that country have both been spurred by those two issues, analysts told Yahoo News.

`ang violence in Sweden was the issue in the election,' said Gunilla Herolf, a researcher at the Swedish Institute of International Affairs who specializes in European integration. It’s a problem, she added, that is weighing on every Swede. `Some are furious. Some are just terribly upset.'”


September 24, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Enforced Invisibility: Toward New Theories of Accountability for the United States' Role in Endangering Asylum Seekers by Lori Nessel


Enforced Invisibility: Toward New Theories of Accountability for the United States' Role in Endangering Asylum Seekers by Lori Nessel, UC Davis Law Review, Vol. 55, No. 1513, 2022


In this article I employ a historical and race-based lens to analyze the U.S.’s role in causing intentional harm through its use of a multi-faceted forced invisibility regime at the southern border. As the current Administration attempts to dismantle this invisible wall and construct a more humane immigration policy going forward, it is essential that international human rights and constitutional rights are not limited to the U.S.’s physical land border. Although the most egregious externalization policies that were put in place during the Trump Administration may end, the U.S. has long engaged in harsh immigration policies to deter asylum seekers from arriving at our borders. Thus, the need to guarantee basic rights (as derived from international human rights conventions, domestic statutory law, and the Constitution) to asylum seekers regardless of their physical location both preceded and will succeed this ugly chapter of American immigration policy. Extending this overdue protection and establishing U.S. accountability for the intentional harms caused by this regime is necessary to disincentivize removing asylum seekers from public sight. To this end, I suggest borrowing standards from international law and torts law to restrain the U.S.’s extraterritorial immigration policies and provide meaningful remedies to those who have already been intentionally harmed.


September 24, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, September 23, 2022

St. John’s Law Review Symposium: 40th Anniversary of the Plyler v. Doe and Immigration Law in the United States

St. John’s Law Review Symposium:  40th Anniversary of the Plyler v. Doe and Immigration Law in the United States
The St. John’s Law Review invites you to attend a virtual symposium marking the 40th anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court’s historical Plyler v. Doe decision. Join a diverse group of legal scholars and practitioners as they discuss the history of Plyler, the rights of undocumented children seeking entry into the United States, ongoing challenges plaguing the U.S. immigration system, and possible solutions to those problems.
The symposium proceedings are dedicated to the late Professor Michael A. Olivas, whose immigration law scholarship and contributions as a change agent in the field endure for the benefit of us all.
DateFriday, November 4, 2022
Time11 a.m. to 3 p.m.
LocationThe symposium will livestream on Zoom.
ProgramKeynote SpeakerRachel Moran, Distinguished and Chancellor’s Professor of Law, University of California Irvine School of Law
Dedication to Professor Michael A. OlivasLeonard M. Baynes, Dean, The University of Houston Law Center
Panel I: Plyler v. Doe and the Rights of Undocumented Children in the United States
Moderator:Rosemary C. Salomone, Kenneth Wang Professor of Law, St. John's University School of Law
Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia, Associate Dean for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, Penn State Law
Martin Guggenheim, Fiorello LaGuardia Professor of Clinical Law Emeritus, New York University School of Law
Sejal Singh, Assistant Professor in the Division of Legal Studies, St. John’s University
Nicholas Espíritu, Supervising Attorney, National Immigration Law Center
Panel II: Ongoing Challenges Plaguing the U.S. Immigration System and Possible Solutions
Moderator:Sheldon A. Evans, Professor of Law, St. John's University School of Law
Jenny-Brooke Condon, Professor, Seton Hall Law School
Lori Nessel, Professor, Seton Hall Law School
Austin Kocher, Research Assistant Professor, Syracuse University
Maximiliano Gabriel Gluzman, Fellow, Belmont University School of Law
Vanessa H. Merton, Professor, Pace University School of Law
Register to AttendThere is no fee to attend the symposium, but registration is required.Please register online

September 23, 2022 in Conferences and Call for Papers, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

U.S. Government Drops Prosecution of Massachusetts Judge on Obstruction Charges in Immigration-Related Case


Federal prosecutors yesterday agreed to dismiss a criminal case against a Massachusetts state court judge accused of assisting an undocumented immigrant evade apprehension when federal immigration officers showed up to arrest him in the judge's courtroom.   Chris Villani ·for Law360 reports that federal prosecutors dismissed the criminal case against the Massachusetts judge.

Under the agreement, Judge Shelley Joseph agreed to refer herself to the Massachusetts Commission on Judicial Conduct, which makes recommendations to the state's top court on discipline for judges. 

"She also agreed to admit to certain facts related to the April 2018 day at issue, including that she violated U.S. Department of Homeland Security policy by instructing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents to wait outside the courtroom and ran afoul of the state's rules of court by instructing a clerk to turn off a recording of the proceeding involving the immigrant.

The controversial prosecution was brought during the Trump administration and had been stalled on the docket in recent months, leading to speculation that the U.S. Department of Justice was trying to resolve the case.

Massachusetts U.S. Attorney Rachael Rollins, a staunch opponent of civil arrests in courthouses by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, was recused from the prosecution."


September 23, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Florida migrant-moving company gave GOP cash, has ties to DeSantis' immigration 'czar' and Rep. Matt Gaetz

Ron_DeSantis _Official_Portrait _113th_Congress

Official Florida Photograph 

The facts are developing around the Florida and Texas governors sending asylum seekers north   The latest from :

"The air charter company Gov. Ron DeSantis’ administration hired for his migrant-moving program has contributed big money to some top allies of the governor and was once legally represented by Rep. Matt Gaetz and his former partner, who is now Florida's “public safety czar” in charge of immigration policy.

DeSantis’ administration has refused to release a copy of the $12 million contract with Vertol Systems Company Inc. for its role in administering the `unauthorized alien' program — which state Democrats sought to block with a lawsuit Thursday — nor will the governor’s office comment on the nearly $1.6 million the company has received to send migrants to so-called sanctuary cities that welcome immigrants."


September 23, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Equality and Closure: The Paradox of Local Citizenship by Kenneth Stahl


Equality and Closure: The Paradox of Local Citizenship by Kenneth Stahl, Texas A&M University Journal of Property Law, Vol. 8, No. 29, 2021


This paper is part of a symposium on my book, "Local Citizenship in a Global Age" (Cambridge University Press 2020). The essay is a response to essays about the book by Prof. Eric Claeys and Prof. Sarah Schindler, and emphasizes the spatial dimension of citizenship as epitomized by the American suburb. The suburb has always been defined by a paradox. It is on one hand a symbol of equality and the American dream, but on the other hand, class and racial segregation are indispensable components of the suburb's appeal. Likewise, citizenship in the United States has been defined by a similar tension between equality and closure. Citizens are practically defined against those who are non-citizens, but in the American political tradition we have recoiled against the idea that some people should be treated less favorably than others because they are noncitizens. This essay explores that paradox in both contexts and concludes that the search for "closure" is futile because we can never wall off uncertainty and change. Far better to expand our conception of community to embrace change and aspire towards a more equal society.This paper was selected for reprinting in Immigration and Nationality Law Review (INLR) as one of the premier works of immigration-focused legal scholarship from 2021-2022.


September 23, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, September 22, 2022

Fellowship Opportunities: Center for Applied Legal Studies at Georgetown Law


The Center for Applied Legal Studies (CALS) at Georgetown Law is now accepting applications for its annual fellowship program in clinical legal education. CALS will offer one lawyer a two‑year teaching fellowship (July 2023‑June 2025), providing a unique opportunity to learn how to teach law in a clinical setting. For the full advertisement, click here.

At CALS, our two fellows and faculty members work as colleagues, sharing responsibilities for designing and teaching classes, supervising law students in their representation of clients, selecting and grading students, administering the clinic, and all other matters. In addition, the fellow will undertake independent legal scholarship, conducting the research and writing to produce a law review article of publishable quality.

This fellowship is particularly suitable for lawyers with some degree of practice experience who now want to embark upon careers in law teaching. Most of our previous fellows are now teaching law or have done so for substantial portions of their careers.

Since 1995, CALS has specialized in immigration law, specifically in asylum practice, and in immigration court and in asylum adjudications by the Department of Homeland Security. Applicants with experience in U.S. immigration law will therefore be given preference. The fellow must be a member of a bar at the start of the fellowship period; therefore, this fellowship is not suitable for current law students.

The fellow will receive full tuition and fees in the LL.M. program at Georgetown University, and a stipend of 57,000 in the first year and 60,000 in the second year. On successful completion of the requirements, the Fellow will be granted the degree of Master of Laws (Advocacy) with distinction.

The faculty members directing CALS are Andrew Schoenholtz and Philip Schrag.

To apply, send a resume, an official or unofficial law school transcript, a writing sample, and a detailed statement of interest (approximately 5 pages). The materials must arrive by December 1, 2022. The statement should address: a) why you are interested in this fellowship; b) what you can contribute to the Clinic; c) your experience with asylum and other immigration cases; d) your professional or career goals for the next five or ten years; e) your reactions to the Clinic’s goals and teaching methods as described on its website anything else that you consider pertinent. Address your application to Directors, Center for Applied Legal Studies, Georgetown Law, 600 New Jersey Avenue, NW, Suite 332, Washington, D.C. 20001, or electronically to



September 22, 2022 in Current Affairs, Immigration Law Clinics | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration @ AALS 2023: New Times, New Names

Registration is now open for the AALS annual conference. This year, it will be IN PERSON, if you can believe that, and in sunny San Diego, CA no less.

Your executive committee for the AALS section on immigration has worked up three panels for you:

  • Wednesday, January 4, 2023: 3-4:40PM. New Voices in Immigration Law. This session will feature six WIPs. You'll soon get an email from me asking you to please come to this session and serve as a reader for one set of three WIPs. We've got an interesting balance of paper topics this year.
    •    GROUP ONE:
      • Nermeen Arastu and Qudsiya Naqui, Standing on Our Own Two Feet: Disability Justice as a Frame for Achieving Abolition and Dismantling Our Ableist Immigration System. Principal commentator: Daniel Morales
      • Jocelyn B. Cazares, Legalized Removals of Noncitizens Deemed to Have [In]Credible or [Un]Reasonable Fears: The Role of Discretion in the Review Process of Fear Determinations. Principal commentator: Jaya Ramji-Nogales
      • Richard H. Frankel, Restoring “Civil”ity in Immigration Proceedings. Principal commentator: Lenni Benson.
    •   GROUP TWO
      • Eunice Lee, Immigration in the Shadow of Death. Principal commentator: Angela Banks
      • Talia Peleg, The Dangers of ICE's Unrestrained Rearrest Power. Principal commentator: Shoba Sivaprasad Wadhia
      • Carrie Rosenbaum, Arbitrary Arbitrariness Review. Principal commentator: Jayanth K. Krishnan
  • Thursday, January 5, 2023: 8-9:30AM. Racism in Immigration Regulation. Our panelists are David Cook-Martín (University of Colorado, Boulder, Sociology), Kevin Johnson (UC Davis School of Law), Emily Ryo (USC Gould School of Law), and Claire Thomas (New York Law School). Karla McKanders (Vanderbilt Law School) will be the moderator. Do you need more than names? A little preview? Well, okay. If you insist.
    • Emily and Claire will be talking about their current projects that examine specific instances and effects of racism in immigration: Emily’s paper provides empirical evidence of racism in immigration enforcement proceeding results, and Claire’s focuses on the use of the concept of statelessness as a vehicle for racial discrimination.
    • Kevin will bring his career-long exploration of racism in immigration law, including recent work on the political climate that resulted in the Chinese Exclusion Act, to the table.
    • David is a professor of sociology and author of Culling the Masses: The Democratic Origins of Racist Immigration Policy in the Americas—he will add a non-law perspective to the discussion.
    • Karla is currently working on a project that explores the role of racism in narratives about immigration law’s origins, which perfectly sets her up to weave the panel topics together.
  • Thursday, January 5, 2023: 10-11:40AM. Leveraging Service Opportunities to Maximize Student Learning in Immigration Law. This panel will feature discussion amongst immprofs Kif Augustine-Adams, Lenni Benson, Richard Boswell, and Violeta Chapin, moderated by David Thronson.

We are excited about these programs and hope to see you all there.


September 22, 2022 in Conferences and Call for Papers | Permalink | Comments (0)

The Daily: "How Border Politics Landed in Martha’s Vineyard"



Yesterday's installment of The Daily podcast ("How Border Politics Landed in Martha’s Vineyard") considers the recent controversy over the "strategy by two of the United States’ most conservative governors to lay the issue of undocumented immigration at Democrats’ doorstep." 

The guest is Miriam Jordan, a national correspondent covering immigration for The New York Times.


September 22, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

AP -- US officials: Border crossings soar among Venezuelans

The Associated Pree reports that the number of Venezuelans apprehended at the U.S. border with Mexico soared in August, with fewer migrants from Mexico and some Central American countries.  Summarizing the latest data, the report notes that

"Venezuelans surpassed Guatemalans and Hondurans to become the second-largest nationality after Mexicans among migrants crossing the U.S. border illegally. U.S. authorities stopped Venezuelans 25,349 times in August, up 43% from 17,652 times in July and four times the 6,301 stops recorded in August 2021.

At the same time, it was the third straight month that fewer immigrants from Mexico and Central America’s Northern Triangle countries of Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. Those nationalities have dominated the mix for decades.

Overall, U.S. authorities stopped migrants 203,598 times in August, up 1.8% from 199,976 times in July but down 4.7% from 213,593 times in August 2021."

In addition, migration from Cuba and Nicaragua remained high, according to U.S. Customs and Border Protection data. Cubans were stopped 19,057 times in August, down from 20,096 times in July but up from 4,496 in August 2021. Nicaraguans were stopped 11,742 times, down from 12,075 in July but up from 9,979 in August 2021.

In essence, the nation is seeing rapidly changing migration flows.

The Biden administration has been leaning on other countries in the Americas to absorb more migrants.

Venezuelans have increasingly fled the nation and a number have been transported North by the governors of Florida and Texas.  "About 6.8 million Venezuelans have left their homeland since an economic crisis took hold in earnest in 2014 for the country of 28 million people. Most have gone to nearby nations in Latin America and the Caribbean, including more than 2.4 million who are in neighboring Colombia."


September 22, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Exit Rights, Seamless Borders and the New Carceral State by Audrey Macklin


Exit Rights, Seamless Borders and the New Carceral State by Audrey MacklinInternational Migration, Forthcomingi


Enlisting states of origin or transit to prevent exit from their own territory has become a tool of extraterritorial migration control for states of the global North. Violeta Moreno-Lax and Mariagiulia Giuffré (2019) dub this trend ‘consensual containment.’ I view it as the harbinger of a loosely networked global migration regime for governing the circulation of people. This article first explores the practical erosion of the right of exit since the demise of communism. Next, I turn to the legitimating function performed by anti-trafficking and anti-smuggling campaigns in reframing breaches of exit rights as an exercise of the cynical practice now dubbed ‘penal humanitarianism’. I conclude by querying whether a paradigm of mobility organized around entry and exit is veering toward obsolescence. Current trends, particularly in relation to securitization of migration, push the logic of migration governance beyond obstructing exit and preventing entry as ends in themselves. I suggest that the logic is increasingly directed more at assuming control over movement as such. Against the contemporary claim of increased global mobility for some and decreased mobility for others, I contend that mobility - understood as the capacity for 'free movement' - is on the decline for everyone, even if actual movement by some is on the increase.


September 22, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, September 21, 2022

Art Exhibition: La Línea Imaginaria


Mexican artist Karla García is exhibiting "La Línea Imaginaria," an art collection presented in two halves separated by 30 miles and one border wall, NPR’s Leila Fadel reports. Half of the gallery is in El Paso, Texas, and the other half is in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, both of which García considers home. "This whole process of creating this binational exhibition demonstrated to me that both countries can work together," said García. "So it’s about hope. And it’s about resilience and acknowledging that." 


September 21, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Webinar: Unpacking Immigration Cases Before the Supreme Court


Unpacking Immigration Cases Before the Supreme Court

Thursday, September 221:00 pm - 2:00 pm ET/10:00 am - 11:00 am PT 

The Supreme Court has had a busy year, with several of its decisions affecting immigration. What are the implications of the court's decisions—and what comes next?

Join the American Immigration Council for a discussion with Professor Ahilan Arulanantham from the Center for Immigration Law and Policy at the UCLA School of Law on recent and upcoming Supreme Court decisions and how they impact immigration policy and law. 

During the webinar, we will discuss:  

  • An overview of significant Supreme Court immigration cases from the 2021 - 2022 term. 
  • How non-immigration cases could impact immigrants and their advocates. 
  • A preview of the immigration cases before the court in the 2022 - 2023 term.

​​​​​We hope you'll join us for this important discussion. Space is limited—register today


September 21, 2022 in Conferences and Call for Papers, Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Welcoming refugees with private sponsorship

In recognition of Welcoming Week 2022, this blog post highlights an emerging model of refugee resettlement that relies on private sponsorship rather than state government.

The usual process for refugee resettlement consists of state government and collaborations from recognized voluntary organizations (termed VOLAGs) to provide housing assistance, job training, and practical assistance accessing social services, setting up bank accounts, and enrolling their children in schools. Although not always described in these terms, it is an instructive example of pro-integration immigration federalism

The new model relies on neighbors, co-workers, faith groups, and friends banded together in "sponsor circles" to help refugees get settled in their communities. Within the US it has recently been used for Afghans and Ukranians and will be expanded through pilot programs under the Biden Administration. (It has been used successfully in Canada for decades and was tried in the US from 1987 to 1995. More background info here.)

Data on refugee integration outcomes is not yet available, but the sponsor programs carry the promise of expanding capacity after years of shrinking budgets and lowered caps during the Trump administration and COVID-19 (a promise set out in a 2021 executive order on rebuilding the US Refugee Admissions Program). It also invites direct engagement with immigrants from communities in the spirit of new governance. It can also avoid partisan interference with the admission of refugees, as happened when the former Vice President Pence sought to block refugees from resettling in Indiana during the Syrian refugee crisis. On the other hand, it outsources what has traditionally been considered a government responsibility to private choice and could lead to uneven support for different countries and in different parts of the country.


September 21, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Class Action: Migrants Say Florida Governor DeSantis "Stranded" Them On Martha's Vineyard

The plaintiffs seek to represent a proposed class of dozens of migrants -- most originally from Venezuela -- who were flown to Martha's Vineyard on September 14. Joining them in the suit is Alianza Americas, a network of organizations supporting migrants across the country.

The lawsuit comes after the sheriff of Bexar County, Texas, which includes San Antonio, opened an investigation into whether DeSantis violated federal or state criminal statutes.

The migrants are represented by Oren Sellstrom, Iván Espinoza-Madrigal, Jacob Love and Mirian Albert of Lawyers for Civil Rights.

The case is Alianza Americas et al. v. DeSantis et al., case number 1:22-cv-11550, in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts.  Here is the Complaint.

Responding to the controversy over the transfer of migrants to his state, Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker urged  Congress to  overhaul a "very screwed up" system.  "It's not a secret to anyone that our immigration system is broken and it's not a secret that the border is also broken because our immigration system is broken and states can't fix it," Baker said .


September 21, 2022 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0)

Immigration Article of the Day: Perceived Structural Vulnerabilities among Detained Noncitizen Immigrants in Minnesota" by Tsuchiya K, Toles O, Levesque C, Horner K, Ryu E, Chan L, et al. (2021)


Linus Chan

Perceived Structural Vulnerabilities among Detained Noncitizen Immigrants in Minnesota" by Tsuchiya K, Toles O, Levesque C, Horner K, Ryu E, Chan L, et al. (2021)


Across several decades there has been an unprecedented increase in immigration enforcement including detention and deportation. Immigration detention profoundly impacts those experiencing detention and their family members. An emerging area of research has found that immigrants experience a number of challenges which constrain and limit their decisions, choices, and options for security and integration in the United States due to social, political and structural determinants. These determinants lead to greater structural vulnerabilities among immigrants. The purpose of the current study was to illuminate the perceived vulnerabilities of detained noncitizen immigrants as they are raised and described while attending case hearings at the Bloomington, Minnesota immigration court. Through conducting a thematic analysis of notes derived from third party immigration court observers, three areas of perceived vulnerability were identified. These perceived vulnerabilities include 1) migration and motivations to migrate, 2) structural vulnerabilities (e.g., discrimination, financial insecurity, social ties and family support, stable or fixed residence, English language proficiency, health and mental health) in the US, and 3) challenges in navigating immigration detention. These findings demonstrate that noncitizen immigrants who are undergoing immigration detention are experiencing multiple intersecting vulnerabilities which profoundly impact their lives. Collaborative efforts across sectors are needed to work towards comprehensive immigration reforms including both short-term and long-term solutions to address pressing issues for noncitizens undergoing immigration detention.


September 21, 2022 in Current Affairs, Law Review Articles & Essays | Permalink | Comments (0)