Monday, August 17, 2020
Women's national right to vote is 100 years old. Those women who led and supported the movement to change the law so that women could vote were brave. Katy Cady Stanton,Susan B. Anthony, Lucy Stone, Alice Paul and Margaret Fuller are the names most Americans associate with the suffrage movement. Who can name the leading Black women who promoted suffrage?
Only with BLM has the general white populace become aware of Black women's leadership in the suffrage movement. This week brought articles on Black women who not only advanced suffrage but did so effectively. The New York Times this week included information on how black women, including Ida B. Wells, documented the Black suffrage movement through photography. Black suffrage organizers argued that racism and sexism could not be separated. Today's BLM women recognize that intersectionality as the #Say Her Name movement represents.
For a time, Alice Paul was persuaded by racists who felt that Southern women would not support Northern suffrage movement if Black women were permitted to march with White women. The Guardian wrote about this choice in describing an incident documented in PBS' "The Vote". Once again racism was permitted to influence decision making, which only postponed US reckoning with race. While ultimately Alice Paul agreed that Black women would not march separately, her initial opposition and continued failure to give equal status to the Black leaders caused harm.
Some of the many Black suffrage leaders' names to remember: Ida B. Wells, Mary Church Terrell, May Howard Jackson, Harriet Gibbs Marshall, Drs. Amanda Gray and Eva Walsh, Anna Evans Murray, Georgia Simpson, Harriet Shad, Lulie Niles Fisher, Lucretia A. Freeman, Minnie Gaines, Florence Henderson, Nettie Johnson, and Carrie Clifford. #SayTheirNames.