Wednesday, September 28, 2016

UN Recommends Reparations for US Racial Discrimination

The Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent was established in 2002 by the Commission on Human Rights. Image1 Among the Group's 2008 charges were to study the problems of racial discrimination faced by people of African descent living in the diaspora and, to that end, gather all relevant information from Governments, non-governmental organizations and other relevant sources.   The means of gathering relevant information include holding  public meetings.  The Group is instructed to  propose measures to ensure full and effective access to the justice system by people of African descent.  

The findngs document a US history of racial terrorism.  Among the working group's findings are: "In particular, the legacy of colonial history, enslavement, racial subordination and segregation, racial terrorism and racial inequality in the United States remains a serious challenge, as there has been no real commitment to reparations and to truth and reconciliation for people of African descent," the report stated. "Contemporary police killings and the trauma that they create are reminiscent of the past racial terror of lynching."

Recognizing police killing of unarmed black men as having created a crisis, the Working Group reports that there is a sense of urgency to resolve this human rights crisis. 

The Working Group made many suggestions that would go a long way in remedying institutional racism.  Among the recommendations are:

                    Immediately abolish police in schools.

                    Police misconduct investigations to be conducted by independent investigators.

                    Misdemeanor laws that result in the over-charging and over-incarceration of people of color be abolished.  One example given is South Carolina's law making a school disturbance a misdemeanor.

                    That younger prisoners be separated from adults and male prisoners from female ones.

The Group addressed reparations as one remedy.  From apology and debt cancellation to educational and healthcare opportunities, the Group addressed steps that are critical to addressing the consequences of societal and institutional racism.  

The problem with reparations is that in order to arrive at a place where Americans endorse them, the place where the culture is ready to recognize the harm must first be reached.  We are a long way from there.  Achieving recognition of the state's contributions to extreme suffering forced upon African Americans is not hopeless thanks to the new wave of activism, including Black Lives Matter.  However, President Obama' election unleased racism across the country.  Undermining the power of the first black president became the goal of those in the political and social systems.  The fact that any new social legislation passed over the past eight years is nothing short of a miracle.  The racism obvious in the current presidential election politics provides a vehicle for individuals to act on their persistent white supremacy beliefs.  We will find out soon if political racism can be defeated in our upcoming elections. 

But as the working group found, racial terrorism has created a crisis in America.  Perhaps this crisis will collide with new wave activism and create a real opportunity for the country to admit the heinousness of the aftermath of slavery.    One day it may be that a series of crisis or one horrendous crisis will result in a serious discussion on how to repair the damage we have done.  

The findings are worth a read in their entirety.  The Group brings to its report the clarity that often comes from outsiders looking in.  The diagnoses of the problems is accurate and the suggested remedies thoughtful. 

          

 

https://lawprofessors.typepad.com/human_rights/2016/09/un-recommends-reparations-for-racial-discrimination.html

Marriage Equality, Race, United Nations | Permalink

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