Saturday, December 11, 2021
H Omer Tontus, (Istanbul Technical University), Basic Principles of Islamic Perspectives in Organ Donation by a Surgeon's Approach, SSRN (2020):
The debate on organ donation in Islam is changing day by day towards an attitude in favor of organ donation. There is no clear provision on organ and tissue transplantation in the Qur'an and the hadiths. However, in the Islamic religion, there are general provisions and rules that have been issued in the light of the Qur'an and Sunnah.
The main influence that affects the willingness to donate organs in Muslims is the explanation of religious scriptures and guidance of local mosque clerics or imams. The question of Islamic viewpoints about organ donation is widely discussed by scholars and fiqh jurists in recent decades.
Muslim transplant advocates endeavor to "reinterpret religious scriptures", "re-educate imams and faith leaders", and using media campaigns to overcome sociocultural traditional beliefs which are mostly misunderstood as the Islamic faith. It is up to the patient to decide whether he wants to transplant.
In literature, a significant number of articles about organ donation in Islam have been written by religious instructors and religious scholars. From the perspective of a conservative person who is both a religious practitioner, a faculty member, a medical doctor, and also as a surgeon.