Family Law Prof Blog

Editor: Margaret Ryznar
Indiana University
Robert H. McKinney School of Law

Friday, January 15, 2021

Registration Open for Friday, Jan. 22 Fulton, Faith, Families and Foster Care

As its inaugural event, the UVA Family Law Center will host an online symposium examining Fulton v. City of Philadelphia, which was argued before the U.S. Supreme Court on Nov. 4. 

In the case, Catholic Social Services is challenging the City of Philadelphia’s refusal to refer foster children to Catholic Social Services because it will not certify same-sex couples as foster parents. 

“Fulton exposes fundamental conflicts between the states’ authority to prohibit discrimination, the right of religious groups to participate in public life, and our collective obligation to promote child welfare,” Family Law Center Director Naomi Cahn said. 

UVA Law professor Gregg Strauss, co-director of the center, added, “As the case illustrates, our public and private duty to help needy children has become the latest battleground in the fight between the liberty of religious citizens to participate in public life and the state’s obligation to prohibit discrimination against LGBTQIA citizens.”

Conference co-organizers Cahn, Strauss and UVA Law professor Micah Schwartzman ’05 will bring together a multidisciplinary group of scholars with varying perspectives, many of whom have filed amici briefs in the case.

Register

Tentative Schedule

9-9:15 a.m.

Welcome

  • Risa Goluboff, Dean, Arnold H. Leon Professor of Law, Professor of History, University of Virginia School of Law

9:15-10:45 a.m.

Panel 1 | What Are the Roles of Government and Private Citizens in Foster Care and Adoption?

  • Stephanie Barclay, Associate Professor of Law, Notre Dame Law School
  • Elizabeth D. Katz ’09, Associate Professor of Law, Washington University in St. Louis School of Law
  • Linda C. McClain, Robert Kent Professor of Law, Boston University School of Law
  • Catherine J. Ross, Fred C. Stevenson Research Professor, George Washington University Law School
  • CommentarySolangel Maldonado, Eleanor Bontecou Professor of Law, Seton Hall University School of Law; Serena Mayeri, Professor of Law and History, University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School
  • ModeratorMicah Schwartzman ’05, Hardy Cross Dillard Professor of Law; Director, Karsh Center for Law and Democracy; University of Virginia School of Law

11 a.m.-12:30 p.m.

Panel 2 | How Do Religious Rights for Adults Affect the Rights of Foster Children and Parents?

  • James Dwyer, Arthur B. Hanson Professor of Law, William & Mary Law School
  • Catherine E. Smith, Professor, Chauncey G. Wilson Memorial Research Chair, University of Denver Sturm College of Law
  • Robert W. Tuttle, David R. and Sherry Kirschner Berz Research Professor of Law and Religion, George Washington University Law School
  • Tanya Monique Washington, Professor of Law, Georgia State University College of Law
  • CommentaryElizabeth Bartholet, Morris Wasserstein Public Interest Professor of Law; Faculty Director, Child Advocacy Program; Harvard Law School; Elizabeth W. Sepper, Professor of Law, University of Texas at Austin School of Law
  • ModeratorGregg Strauss, Professor of Law; Co-Director, Family Law Center, University of Virginia School of Law

1:15-2:30 p.m.

Panel 3 | What Can Social Science Tell Us About How Discrimination Law in Foster Care and Adoption Affects Child Welfare?

  • Charlotte J. Patterson, Professor of Psychology and Women, Gender & Sexuality, University of Virginia
  • Nelson Tebbe, Jane M.G. Foster Professor of Law, Cornell Law School; Netta Barak-Corren, Associate Professor, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Faculty of Law
  • Bianca D.M. Wilson, Rabbi Zacky Senior Scholar of Public Policy, Williams Institute, UCLA School of Law
  • CommentaryCraig Konnoth, Associate Professor of Law, University of Colorado Law School; Michael Higdon, Associate Dean for Faculty Development and Professor of Law, University of Tennessee College of Law
  • ModeratorRobert Emery, Professor of Psychology; Director, Center for Children Families and the Law; University of Virginia

2:45-4 p.m.

Panel 4 | What Is or Should Be the Future of Foster Care, Religion and LGBT Law?

  • Clare Huntington, Joseph M. McLaughlin Professor of Law, Fordham University School of Law
  • Robin Fretwell Wilson, Director, Institute of Government and Public Affairs; Mildred Van Voorhis Jones Chair in Law; Co-Director, Program in Family Law and Policy; Co-Director, Epstein Health Law and Policy Program; Professor, Department of Pathology, College of Medicine; University of Illinois
  • Jordan Woods, Associate Professor of Law, University of Arkansas School of Law
  • CommentaryCourtney G. Joslin, Martin Luther King Jr. Professor of Law, University of California at Davis School of Law; Jessica Dixon Weaver ’95, Robert G. Storey Distinguished Faculty Fellow, Gerald J. Ford Research Fellow, Associate Professor of Law, Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law
  • ModeratorNaomi R. Cahn, Justice Anthony M. Kennedy Distinguished Professor of Law; Nancy L. Buc ’69 Research Professor in Democracy and Equity; Director, Family Law Center; University of Virginia School of Law

January 15, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Thursday, January 14, 2021

Pandemic Impacts Moms Differently

From USA Today:

The COVID-19 recession has affected groups in different ways. Black moms have been more likely than Latina moms and white moms to quit their jobs. Higher rates of layoffs affected immigrant moms most severely in 2020. Meanwhile, Latina moms were more likely to be laid off than white and Black moms. This is in part because Latinas were more likely to work face-to-face service positions, such as in restaurants and hotels. 

Experts forecast that loss of skills, tenure and income among women of color will shape the U.S. economy for years to come by making it more difficult for moms of color to re-enter the workforce, earn the same amount as their white counterparts and reach supervisor and management positions.

Read more here.

January 14, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, January 13, 2021

Pandemic Impact in SC

From the Post and Courier:

As thousands of South Carolinians struggle to find jobs and housing amid the coronavirus pandemic, legal advocates are worried that the instability will interfere with child support and custody proceedings, or even land unemployed parents behind bars.

The Palmetto State’s family court system, like those across the country, prioritizes safe homes and capable parents when deciding where children should stay. Parents who “willfully” miss child support payments — a loose term that judges generally have to gauge for themselves — can have custody of their children removed or even be sent to serve time behind bars.

Tim Mose, director of child support services at the S.C. Department of Social Services, said the agency hasn’t seen “any type of significant change” since the pandemic began, with over half of parents paying on time consistently. DSS processes payments, while the courts determine and uphold them.

Read more here.

January 13, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, January 12, 2021

Expectations for Korean Women

From the New York Times:

Before giving birth, check that your family has sufficient toilet paper. Prepare ready-made meals for your husband, who surely “is not good at cooking.” Tie up your hair, “so that you don’t look disheveled” even as you go without a bath. And after the baby arrives, keep a “small-size” dress in sight — you’ll need motivation not to take that extra bite.

These words of advice, offered to pregnant women by the authorities in Seoul, have created a backlash in South Korea, where the government can ill afford to fumble as it desperately tries to compel women to have more babies and reverse the world’s lowest birthrate.

The pregnancy guidelines were first published on a government website in 2019. But they caught the attention of the public only in recent days, causing an outcry on social media, where people said they reflected outmoded views that persist in segments of the deeply patriarchal society and petitioned for their removal.

Yong Hye-in, an activist and politician, said that under the guidelines, a woman’s child-rearing responsibilities were doubled by having to care for her husband too. A better tactic for those married to men incapable of doing things like throwing away rotting food, Ms. Yong wrote on Twitter, would be divorce.

Read more here.

January 12, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Pandemic's Impact on Dating

From the Atlantic:

Even before the pandemic, kindness was the top trait that men and women wanted in a romantic partner. And the importance of kindness seems magnified now, in how people portray themselves and in what they are looking for in a partner. In my own dating, I’ve seen more signals of kindness on men’s profiles since the pandemic. Sometimes the clues are less obvious, such as one man who wore an American Red Cross shirt, but sometimes people directly mention their favorite charitable causes. I asked Melissa Hobley, the global chief marketing officer at OkCupid, whether my impressions match their data. She found that from the spring into the fall, the presence of terms such as caringcompassionate, and empathetic increased 3 percent on OkCupid profiles, along with a 5 percent increase in mentions of volunteer. More dramatic, mentions of donate and donating increased 29 percent from April to June, and another 10 percent from October to November. People may be prioritizing giving because of the pandemic or the national reckoning on racism, but being charitable also may have a nice side effect when it comes to dating. In my scientific research, I’ve found that people rate those who give their time or money to causes as more physically attractive than those who do not.

Since the pandemic began, singles have also been more likely to branch out from their usual type of partner. A friend from Washington, D.C., told me that her new boyfriend is “incredibly funny, warm, sexy, and smart,” but unlike her typical partners, “he’s not a flashy guy.” OkCupid data confirm an increased openness to different partners, showing that people are now more likely, for example, to connect with someone of another religion. But people have notably been less open in one area: In this time of polarization, people are less willing to date someone with different political views.

Most striking, OkCupid showed an 83 percent increase in those open to dating “anywhere.” It turns out that when people have nowhere to go, someone in Florida can meet someone in Nebraska for a date online.

Read more here.

 

January 12, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, January 11, 2021

MA Expands Abortion Rights

From NPR:

The Massachusetts state Senate joined the state House of Representatives Tuesday in passing legislation that enshrines abortion rights in state law and expands access to 16-year-olds. The move by the two chambers overrides Gov. Charlie Baker's veto of the measure last week.

The ROE Act, as it's called, will allow abortions after 24 weeks of pregnancy in cases with a fatal fetal anomaly and in instances when a physician deems it necessary "to preserve the patient's physical or mental health."

It also lowers the age at which individuals can seek an abortion without the consent of a parent or a judge from 18 to 16.

Read more here.

January 11, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, January 10, 2021

Family Estrangement

From the Atlantic:

Since I wrote my book When Parents Hurt, my practice has filled with mothers and fathers who want help healing the distance with their adult children and learning how to cope with the pain of losing them. I also treat adult children who are estranged from their parents. Some of those adult children want no contact because their parents behaved in ways that were clearly abusive or rejecting. To make matters worse for their children and themselves, some parents are unable to repair or empathize with the damage they caused or continue to inflict. However, my recent research—and my clinical work over the past four decades—has shown me that you can be a conscientious parent and your kid may still want nothing to do with you when they’re older.

However they arrive at estrangement, parents and adult children seem to be looking at the past and present through very different eyes. Estranged parents often tell me that their adult child is rewriting the history of their childhood, accusing them of things they didn’t do, and/or failing to acknowledge the ways in which the parent demonstrated their love and commitment. Adult children frequently say the parent is gaslighting them by not acknowledging the harm they caused or are still causing, failing to respect their boundaries, and/or being unwilling to accept the adult child’s requirements for a healthy relationship.

Both sides often fail to recognize how profoundly the rules of family life have changed over the past half century. “Never before have family relationships been seen as so interwoven with the search for personal growth, the pursuit of happiness, and the need to confront and overcome psychological obstacles,” the historian Stephanie Coontz, the director of education and research for the Council on Contemporary Families, told me in an email. “For most of history, family relationships were based on mutual obligations rather than on mutual understanding. Parents or children might reproach the other for failing to honor/acknowledge their duty, but the idea that a relative could be faulted for failing to honor/acknowledge one’s ‘identity’ would have been incomprehensible.”

...

While estrangement can occur for many reasons, divorce appears to heighten the risk for both mothers and fathers—especially fathers. Fathers are also at greater risk of being estranged from their kids if they were never married to the mother, and might have more distant relationships with their children if they remarry later in life. In my survey of more than 1,600 estranged parents summarized in my forthcoming book, Rules of Estrangement, more than 70 percent of respondents were divorced from the estranged child’s other biological parent.

Why would divorce increase the risk? In my clinical work I have seen how divorce can create a radical realignment of long-held bonds of loyalty, gratitude, and obligation in a family. It can tempt one parent to poison the child against the other. It can cause children to reexamine their lives prior to divorce and shift their perspective so they now support one parent and oppose the other. It can bring in new people—stepparents or stepsiblings—to compete with the child for emotional or material resources. Divorce—as well as the separation of parents who never married—can alter the gravitational trajectories of a family so that, over time, members spin further and further out of one another’s reach. And when they do, they might not feel compelled to return.

Read more here.

 

January 10, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (1)

When Will Normal Weddings Resume?

From Insider:

Kerry O'Donoghue has one big plan for 2021: a destination wedding.

O'Donoghue, who lives in California and founded a bridal-wellness company, was supposed to get married in Dublin, Ireland, in August.

When the pandemic hit, she, like millions of other engaged people, had to push her wedding back.

But she thinks her big day will finally happen, with 100 guests in attendance, just nine months from now, thanks to the promising news that a vaccine will be available worldwide as early as spring — much sooner than expected. 

...

"I would encourage our guests to get a vaccine just to protect themselves and so that everyone feels more comfortable around each other," she said. But it is a complicated gamble.

Though Pfizer's two-shot vaccine is being rolled out in the US, Europe, and Canada, and Moderna's in the US, with more on the way, it will take until at least May for the general population to start getting their first doses. Immunity doesn't kick in until two weeks after the second dose, administered a month later.

What's more, experts including Dr. Anthony Fauci warn that we can't go back to normal — traveling at will, and hugging strangers — until every country in the world has eliminated the virus by vaccinating at least 70% of their population.

Then there are the logistical nightmares involved in shipping vaccines, quashing anti-vaxxer myths, and making sure everyone in the world gets their two doses.

Read more here.

January 10, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, January 9, 2021

ULC Progress on the Economic Rights of Unmarried Cohabitant

See it here.

January 9, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Pandemic Engagements

From the Washington Post:

Half a century from now, in 2071 or 2072, Americans may find themselves fielding a flurry of invitations to grandparents’ and grand-relatives’ 50th wedding anniversary parties. Another pandemic engagement, invitees might say as they click to open another lavishly rendered hologram notification, or whatever the fancy correspondence du jour may be. Another marriage spurred into existence all those years ago by the great coronavirus outbreak of 2020, forged in the long months of either sheltering in place together or pining for each other while quarantining apart.

Although annual statistics for engagements are virtually nonexistent, there’s evidence to suggest the coronavirus pandemic has produced a bumper crop. At the Grand Canyon, one of the world’s most popular proposal spots, inquiries about proposal packages and bookings have doubled since last year, according to a representative for Grand Canyon Wedding Packages. Jamie L. Singleton, the president of the Kay, Zales and Peoples jewelry retailers, said that in the third quarter of the year, the three brands saw “double-digit” percentage growth in engagement-ring sales as compared to the same period in 2019. She expects the traditional “engagement season” — between Thanksgiving and Dec. 31, when Singleton said one-half of annual proposals usually take place — will also bring bigger sales than usual. “What we’re learning is that the people that we quarantine with, for the most part, have become the nucleuses of [our] lives,” she said.

“There’s something hopeful about getting engaged,” said James Schultz, the co-founder and head of customer experience for the online retailer James Allen, which specializes in bridal jewelry and experienced a 26 percent increase in sales this fall over fall 2019 (though that could in part be from sales shifting from brick-and-mortar stores to online). “You know, it’s not just the moment of the proposal, it’s about looking forward to a post-pandemic future.”

Read more here.

 

 

January 9, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Friday, January 8, 2021

Electronic Evidence in Family Law

From the National Law Review:

Here are some real time examples of family law matters in which electronic evidence carried the day: a recovering alcoholic looking to regain custody of her son was photographed in a bar with a glass of wine; a father looking for shared custody certified in court documents that his live-in girlfriend was not a smoker, just to have his soon-to-be ex-wife provide the court with pictures of his girlfriend smoking (which had been taken from his Facebook page). In one custody case, a father had an application on his child’s phone which recorded how fast the child was travelling when in the mother’s car (30 mph over the speed limit). In another example, a client receiving alimony was captured with a live-in boyfriend based upon a small camera that had been placed on the telephone pole across the street from her house. A “friend” of a woman seeking alimony recorded a phone call in which the woman admitted she had a secret stash of thousands of dollars. All of these images or recordings were admissible in court proceedings and were used against the litigants.

As long as the individual responsible for the recording, or electronic evidence is available to authenticate it, meaning they can confirm it is an accurate depiction of what occurred, the evidence will likely be considered by the judge hearing the case.

When involved in litigation, particularly in family matters, litigants find themselves under the proverbial microscope. The sad reality is that people must assume that they are always being photographed or recorded. In New Jersey, one party to a conversation is allowed to record without the other knowing. This is the time to be the best version of yourself, and as hard as it may be, refrain from doing and saying things that can hurt your position. This includes badmouthing the other party, even if you believe you are speaking with a confidant. If it’s not something you want a judge to hear, don’t say it.

Read more here.

January 8, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (1)

Thursday, January 7, 2021

Last Civil War Widow Dies

From AP:

Jackson grew up one of 10 children in the tiny southwestern Missouri town of Niangua, near Marshfield. Bolin, a widower who had served as a private in the 14th Missouri Cavalry during the Civil War seven decades earlier, lived nearby.

Jackson’s father volunteered his teenage daughter to stop by Bolin’s home each day to provide care and help with chores. To pay back her kindness, Bolin offered to marry Jackson, which would allow her to receive his soldier’s pension after his death, a compelling offer in the context of the Great Depression.

Jackson agreed in large part because “she felt her daily care was prolonging his life,” Inman said.

They wed on Sept. 4, 1936, at his home. Throughout their three years of marriage there was no intimacy and she never lived with him. She never told her parents, her siblings or anyone else about the wedding. She never remarried, spending decades “harboring this secret that had to be eating her alive,” Inman said.

After Bolin’s death in 1939, she did not seek his pension.

She also realized the stigma and potential scandal of a teenager wedding a man in his 90s, regardless of her reason. In an oral history recording in 2018, Jackson said she never spoke of the wedding to protect Bolin’s reputation as well as her own.

“I had great respect for Mr. Bolin, and I did not want him to be hurt by the scorn of wagging tongues,” she said.

Read more here.

January 7, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Austin Family Lawyers Raise Over $100k for Pro Bono

From Law.com:

The miracle unfolded in an email thread where the trash talk was growing among super-competitive Austin family lawyers.

Normally their tournament would focus on cooking the best chili and pie. But COVID-19 had derailed their annual chili fundraiser for legal aid.

Knowing the recession had already hit the local legal aid provider’s pocketbook, the Austin Bar Association family law section was at a loss for how to make up its expected $30,000 donation to Volunteer Legal Services of Central Texas, which organizes Austin-area attorneys to work pro bono for low-income people.

Austin litigator Amy Lambert had cast the first stone. She emailed her peers to launch a virtual fundraiser—with a trophy and bragging rights on the line—challenging them to beat her firm’s pledge to donate $1,000 per partner to Volunteer Legal Services.

“The emails start—and they start talking trash,” Lambert said. “We deal with traumatic stuff. We support each other, so we are very close knit. We are also very, very competitive. It is the nature of litigation—people drawn to this practice are competitive.”

When the dust settled weeks later, Lambert’s jaw had hit the floor multiple times, she said.

The family law attorneys, who had talked good-natured trash as they upped the ante on donations-per-partner to $1,500, and had engaged associates in smaller-dollar contributions, had given $105,000 to Volunteer Legal Services’ hurting budget.

That represented 250% of the section’s donation in 2019.

Read more here.

January 7, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Wednesday, January 6, 2021

Dating App Trends

From France 24:

Contrary to warnings that dating apps are encouraging superficial and short-lived flings over true romance, a Swiss study showed Wednesday that app users were more likely to be seeking longterm relationships.

Mobile apps have revolutionised the way people meet around the world, and are quickly becoming the main way couples form in many countries.

Unlike traditional dating sites, which require detailed user profiles, smartphone apps like Tinder and Grindr are largely based on rating photos with a swipe review system.

Read more here.

January 6, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Tuesday, January 5, 2021

Marriage & Children Less Linked

From the Hill:

The percentage of Americans who believe it is “very important” for a couple to be married if they have a child has declined in recent years, according to a new Gallup poll

The poll, released Monday, found that 29 percent of Americans say that it is “very important” for couples with children together to legally marry. Another 31 percent said that it is “somewhat important.”

These findings represent a drop from previous surveys on couples with children. Gallup found in 2006 that 49 percent believed that it was “very important” for couples with children together to marry, while 38 percent agreed in 2013.

Read more here.

January 5, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Monday, January 4, 2021

Grandparents Who Moved In

From the Wall Street Journal:

Four years ago, when pregnant with twins, Kristin Rising unsuccessfully begged her parents to move close by to help. When they came for a visit this summer, she didn’t have to say a word.

“I was really at a low, exhausted, ‘I don’t know how I’m going to do this’ state,” says Dr. Rising, an emergency medicine physician and researcher whose Philadelphia day care closed during the pandemic. “I honestly think my mom just took a look at me when she got there and said, ‘Oh my God. We need to move here. My daughter is going to be crushed by this.’ ”

Overwhelmed by precarious school and child-care arrangements, working parents are turning to their own mothers and fathers for relief like never before. Grandparents are often transforming their lives to help.

The pandemic has washed away the informal, fluid arrangements that once came with being an involved grandparent—flying in for spring break if you lived far away, picking up a sick kid from school if you were local.

Instead, grandparents concerned about the risks of Covid-19 are often forced to make a choice: Isolate from the younger generation entirely, or dive in, becoming full-time caregivers bubbled with extended family. Many are choosing the latter, moving to new cities or pausing or ending work in its twilight to help their children maintain careers—or just a semblance of sanity.

Read more here.

January 4, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Sunday, January 3, 2021

AALS Tuesday Programming in Family & Juvenile Law

11:00 a.m. - 12:15 p.m. EST
 Tuesday, January 5

Section on Family and Juvenile Law: Opting In and Opting Out, Trapped In and Locked Out of Family Law

Societal groups can both opt in and out of family law systems or without choice be locked in or out. The welfare system may limit the choices of the poor to create their desired family structure and limit their choices through bureaucratic and administrative systems that enforce and enact exclusion, social control, and surveillance. In ART contracts, parties may seek parentage that statutory schemes would not require (e.g., sperm donors who seek parental rights) or be required to legally establish parentage for both same-sex married partners. Following the panel, small groups will discuss the panelists’ ideas in more depth.
  • Moderator Nancy J. Soonpaa, Texas Tech University School of Law
  • Speaker Victoria L. Chase, Rutgers Law School
  • Speaker Jessica R. Feinberg, University of Maine School of Law
  • Speaker Ann E. Freedman, Rutgers Law School
  • Speaker Jill Hasday, University of Minnesota Law School
  • Speaker Richard F. Storrow, City University of New York School of Law

 

 12:15 p.m. - 1:15 p.m. EST
 Tuesday, January 5
Section on Family & Juvenile Law - Networking Session
 
Take a break from formal programming and join your colleagues from the Section on Family and Juvenile Law for informal conversation.
 
 

January 3, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Where Women Rule

From the Guardian:

Imagine a society without fathers; without marriage (or divorce); one in which nuclear families don’t exist. Grandmother sits at the head of the table; her sons and daughters live with her, along with the children of those daughters, following the maternal bloodline. Men are little more than studs, sperm donors who inseminate women but have, more often than not, little involvement in their children’s upbringing.

This progressive, feminist world – or anachronistic matriarchy, as skewed as any patriarchal society, depending on your viewpoint – exists in a lush valley in Yunnan, south-west China, in the far eastern foothills of the Himalayas. An ancient tribal community of Tibetan Buddhists called the Mosuo, they live in a surprisingly modern way: women are treated as equal, if not superior, to men; both have as many, or as few, sexual partners as they like, free from judgment; and extended families bring up the children and care for the elderly. But is it as utopian as it seems? And how much longer can it survive?

Choo Waihong set about finding out. A successful corporate lawyer from Singapore, she left her job in 2006 to travel. Having trained and worked in Canada, the US and London, she felt drawn to visit China, the country of her ancestors. After reading about the Mosuo, she decided to take a trip to their picturesque community – a series of villages dotted around a mountain and Lugu Lake – as many tourists do. But something beyond the views and clean air grabbed her.

“I grew up in a world where men are the bosses,” she says. “My father and I fought a lot – he was the quintessential male in an extremely patriarchal Chinese community in Singapore. And I never really belonged at work; the rules were geared towards men, and intuitively understood by them, but not me. I’ve been a feminist all my life, and the Mosuo seemed to place the female at the centre of their society. It was inspiring.”

Read more here.

January 3, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)

Saturday, January 2, 2021

Guo, Wang, & Meng: "Does the Early Bird Catch the Worm? Evidence and Interpretation on the Long-Term Impact of School Entry Age in China"

Chuanyi Guo, Xuening Wang, and Chen Meng have posted their paper Does the Early Bird Catch the Worm? Evidence and Interpretation on the Long-Term Impact of School Entry Age in ChinaHere is the abstract:

The long-term economic impact of children’s age at primary school entry on educational attainment and labor market outcomes is one of the primary concerns to families, educators, and policymakers. Using a nationally representative survey of families and individuals, China Family Panel Studies, this paper is the first to explore these effects in a causal sense in the Chinese context. We utilize a regression discontinuity design that employs the threshold date for primary school entry set by the 1986 Compulsory Education Law of China as a source of exogenous variation in the timing of school entry. We first document a salient and robust compliance rate of school entry requirement. RD estimates indicate that a one-year delay in primary school enrollment significantly increases years of schooling completed by roughly two years. Even though school entry age does not exhibit statistically significant effects on labor market performance for the full sample, we find that delaying primary school entry increases the probability of being in the labor force for men, but decreases that for women. Further evidence suggests that the decline in the female labor force participation due to school entry requirement is driven by both demand-side factors such as insufficient job opportunities in urban areas and discrimination in employment against female job seekers, and supply-side factors including fertility decision, childcare provision, and assortative mating.

January 2, 2021 | Permalink | Comments (0)