Monday, January 13, 2020
The resources include information about an online training from the National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C), downloadable fliers, data, the Elder Abuse Guide for Law Enforcement (EAGLE), roll call videos and more.
Although the resources are targeted for law enforcement, they are still very helpful to others. In particular, I thought this chart showing how the different departments within law enforcement might encounter victims of elder abuse. I think this will help my students more fully understand the numerous ways these cases come to light. Check it out!
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
For the last few years, I've found myself with conflicts during semester breaks that interfered with attending the AALS Annual Meeting. So I was especially happy this year to attend and catch up with long-time and new friends, especially those who work in fields relevant to elder law.
The annual meeting kicked off for me with a Joint Session hosted by the Sections on Aging and the the Law, Civil Rights, Family & Juvenile Law, Employee Benefits & Executive Compensation, and Immigration Law. The collaborative event offered lots of interesting "Emerging Issues in Elder Law," with speakers including:
Mark Bauer, Stetson Law, who spoke about recent enforcement efforts to combat elder exploitation, and pointed to a lingering weakness associated with banks that make SARS reports that never go beyond the regulatory body, and therefore never reach first responders, such as local police. He talked about support for a state-wide effort in Florida to improve police reports to make it easier to identify abusers who target older persons. He also called for better record-keeping for sales of gift cards, as these have become the number 1 method that telephone scammers get older adults to send them money.
Wendy Parmet, Northeastern University School of Law, who focused on the impact of immigration laws and policies on the health of older adults, including attempts by the current administration to change the definition of "public charge" to include anyone who could receive any public benefits whatsoever, thereby expanding the the pool of inadmissible immigrants and further restricting eligibility for legal permanent residency. She traced the impacts of such policies on older adults once eligible for family reunification, on older citizens overall, and on a nation that once took pride in providing help to immigrants who were "tired and poor."
Jalila Jefferson-Bullock, Duquesne Law, who talked about how some states are not applying sentencing reforms to elderly offenders, even though such inmates statistically are at the least risk of reoffending and, at 19% of the total prison population, are often generating care costs that are unsustainable. I learned, sadly, that my own state of Pennsylvania is one of the states that is not yet making significant progress on sentencing reforms for older adults.
Rachel Lopez, Drexel University Law, who is director of Drexel's Stern Community Lawyering Clinic, carried forward the theme of needed prison reforms for older inmates, reporting the latest events that follow the Graterford Think Tank Prison Project in Pennsylvania, and making the sobering observation that the most effective argument may not be one that sounds in human rights or human dignity, but the demonstration that return to the community for aging and ill residents saves the state money.
Naomi Cahn, George Washington Law, who is also the incoming chair for the AALS Section on Law and Aging, presented facts and figures on "gray divorce," especially with respect to financial impacts on women. She urged a de-coupling of Social Security benefits from marriage (or perhaps marriage longevity requirements), arguing that Social Security credits should be available for time spent as caregivers.
Browne Lewis, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, pointed to the emerging issue of "reproductive rights" for older individuals, identifying jurisdictions that restrict women's access to assisted reproductive technologies (ART) including placing age or time restrictions on use of banked or stored eggs.
For faculty members who would like to be part of next year's Law and Aging program at the 2021 AALS Annual meeting in San Francisco, contact Naomi Cahn with your topics and interest.
January 8, 2020 in Consumer Information, Crimes, Current Affairs, Elder Abuse/Guardianship/Conservatorship, Ethical Issues, Health Care/Long Term Care, International, Retirement, State Cases, State Statutes/Regulations, Statistics | Permalink | Comments (0)
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
National Adult Protective Services Association (NAPSA) and National Center on Elder Abuse is offering a webinar on Friday January 24, 2020 at 2:00 p.m. est, on How to Reframe Elder Abuse on Social Media.
Over the past few years, the NCEA’s Reframing Elder Abuse project, an initiative to change the way we talk about elder abuse with the public has built momentum. The project aims to demonstrate how we can restructure our communities to put elder abuse on the public agenda, generate a sense of collective efficacy on the issue, and boost support for systemic solutions to prevent and address it. Social media can be the first, and in some ways, the easiest place to begin to reframe how the public thinks about elder abuse. During this webinar, participants will review best practices in public communications on elder abuse based on an evidence-based strategy and receive tips and resources in social media application.
Click here to register for this webinar.
Monday, November 11, 2019
The National Center on Law & Elder Rights has announced the release of the Elder Justice Toolkit. According to the website
The Elder Justice Toolkit is a resource created by the National Center on Law & Elder Rights. It contains practical information on civil legal remedies, practice tips, and sample pleadings for attorneys seeking protection and redress for their clients who have experienced elder abuse. Multiple states’ perspectives are considered and used as examples, but the Toolkit is designed for national use.
Some of the resources contained in the Elder Justice Toolkit have come from legal assistance organizations and have been re-formatted or re-purposed by NCLER...
This resource will continue to grow and have materials added to it over time. To receive NCLER communications and updates on resources, sign up here.
To find additional resources on elder justice topics, please read our Elder Justice Compendium.
A collection of our elder abuse webcast trainings can be found here.
Each topic includes a summary, an issue brief and step-by-step guide and a video. Here's an example of an issue brief on mandatory reporting for elder abuse cases.
Check it out and bookmark the webpage!
Friday, November 8, 2019
Maybe it's just me, but there seems to be a lot of items in the news of late about elder abuse. Here are some new tools to add to your toolbox in the fight against elder abuse. The National Center on Elder Abuse (NCEA) and National Asian Pacific Center on Aging (NAPCA) have released 3 new fact sheets:
- Six Ways to Care for Yourself When Caring for Someone with Dementia
- NAPCA: Emotional Abuse and
- NAPCA: Neglect
All of the fact sheets are available in several languages and are added to an extensive library of fact sheets.
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
There are two upcoming webinars you won't want to miss. First, register for the How to Talk About Elder Abuse webinar on November 13 at 1 eastern. According to the announcement
Over the past few years, the FrameWorks Institute worked with the National Center on Elder Abuse to create a communication strategy that demonstrates how we can restructure our communities to put elder abuse on the public agenda, generate a sense of collective efficacy on the issue, and boost support for systemic solutions to prevent and address it. During this webinar, participants will learn about the NCEA’s Reframing Elder Abuse project; review a new evidence-based public communication strategy on elder abuse; and begin learning how to apply it in their communication practices.
To register, click here.
The next webinar, on December 3, at 2 eastern, covers New Research on Elder Abuse Among American Indian and Alaska Native Populations,
The webinar which is hosted by the National Center on Elder Abuse at the Keck School of Medicine of USC, will cover the following:
Many tribal communities are experiencing a silent epidemic of abuse of older adults. Limited research on elder abuse has suggested higher rates of abuse among tribal elders, yet little is known about promising strategies that can be implemented to prevent or manage cases of abuse. This webinar will provide an overview of elder abuse in Indian Country, including recent research identifying new national-level prevalence rates and predictors of abuse among American Indian and Alaska Native elders. Rates of various types of elder abuse for Native Americans-- almost double that of overall findings from original study findings -- will be shared. The unique, complex context that intersects to shape abuse correlates for tribal elders such as history of trauma, social support, and emotional problems will be discussed. Findings from a recent national needs assessment focused on screening and management of elder abuse in tribal health settings that included tribal health care providers, elder advocates, Title VI staff, and tribal Adult Protection Services will also be shared. Presenters will identify promising practices and strategies identified in the needs assessment, as well as a series of recommendations that can be implemented in local tribal communities to help combat elder abuse.
To register, click here.
Sunday, October 13, 2019
NAPSA has announced two resources for the fight vs. elder abuse. The first is an updated version of the National Guidelines for Financial Institutions: Working Together to Protect Older Persons from Financial Abuse. "The Guidelines and forms [are] ... designed to promote standardization and clarity among financial institutions and Adult Protective Services." Note that the guidelines include a variety of useful forms, which are accessible here in addition to their inclusion in the guidelines.
NAPSA also announced the creation of "the National Clearinghouse on Financial Exploitation, your "go to" for for all things related to financial exploitation. The Clearinghouse will provide answers to questions, links to resources, introduction to partners and problem solving to help strengthen our resources and partnerships in our fight against financial exploitation."
Go to NAPSA-Now for more information and resources.
Tuesday, October 8, 2019
The GAO recently issued this report, Veterans Benefits: Actions VA Could Take to Better Protect Veterans from Financial Exploitation. Here are the highlights from the report
Why This Matters
Veterans with disabilities who receive benefits from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) can be tempting targets for exploitation and scams. Veterans and their survivors who need help performing everyday activities, like bathing and dressing, can receive increased pension benefits known as aid and attendance.
VA paid $3.2 billion in total pension benefits to 232,000 recipients of aid and attendance in fiscal year 2018. Most recipients were over 80.
Scams that target them include:
- being overcharged for home care, or charged for services they did not receive, and
- getting bad investment advice from financial services organizations.
VA does not centrally collect and analyze information, such as complaints made against companies, that could show the prevalence of these scams, help VA target outreach to veterans, and help law enforcement go after scammers.
Other threats to veterans include:
- VA’s applications do not warn them about exploitation or scams: For example, forms do not warn veterans that they cannot be charged fees for filing claims.
- Misdirected benefit payments: VA does not always verify direct deposit information on applications, which could lead to payments being stolen. In contrast, the Social Security Administration verifies this information by reviewing individuals’ checks or account statements.
What GAO Recommends
We made four recommendations to VA, including that it collect better information on potential financial exploitation, post warnings on applications, and examine if it should take more steps to verify veterans' direct deposit information. VA agreed in principle with the need to collect better information, but its proposed actions do not fully address our concerns. VA agreed with the other three recommendations.
The full report is available here.
Tuesday, September 3, 2019
The FINRA Foundation has announced an upcoming conference, Research Conference on The State of Financial Fraud in America. The conference will be held on October 2, 2019 in Washington, D.C. Here's some info about the conference:
Featured Keynote: Cybercrimes, Digital Fraud and You
It's no longer just about changing your password, cyber threats are growing in frequency and complexity. As technology continues to develop, there are more opportunities for impactful cyber-attacks. In this featured talk, Roy Zur, Cybint Solutions, will discuss trends in cyber-fraud tactics, how Dark Web markets and forums fuel cybercrime, and how cybercriminals utilize digital currencies.
What Separates Victims from Non-Victims?
From Fraud Victim to Fraud Fighter
What We Can Learn from Neuroscience
Life Course Transitions, Thresholds, and Turning Points to Elder Financial Exploitation
Serving the Victims of Financial Crimes
- Where Do We Go from Here?
To register, click here.
September 3, 2019 in Consumer Information, Crimes, Current Affairs, Elder Abuse/Guardianship/Conservatorship, Federal Statutes/Regulations, Programs/CLEs, State Statutes/Regulations | Permalink | Comments (0)
Wednesday, August 28, 2019
The New York Times recently reported indictments against five perpetrators of an identity theft scam that targeted vets.
5 Indicted in Identity Theft Scheme That Bilked Millions From Veterans explains how the scam worked:
First, they secretly photographed the Social Security and bank account numbers of thousands of veterans and senior military members on a computer screen at a United States Army base in South Korea.
Then, they used the personal information to withdraw or reroute millions of dollars in disability benefits and other payments made to veterans. The stolen funds were later wired to the bank accounts of so-called money mules and laundered so that they could not be traced.
The perpetrators were charged with aggravated identity theft, wire fraud and conspiracy according to the article. Described as the largest ever perpetrated against military personnel, "the personal information of more than 3,000 veterans and military personnel had been compromised over a period from 2014 to 2019. Many of the victims were disabled and older, and were unlikely to access their account information online." DOJ is still looking to identify victims. "The Justice Department and Veterans Affairs are in the process of notifying victims and trying to help them recover lost funds."
Monday, August 26, 2019
This is just a sad story. Margaret Collins resident of a SNF, was abused by those tasked with caring for her, according to an article in Huffington Post. Family Sues After Video Shows Nursing Home Workers Taunting Elderly Dementia Patient summarizes the events. Read the story and watch the video. It can be a good jumping off point for a discussion of the importance of resident rights, and litigation and regulations. Other stories about this are available here, here , here, and here to include a few. Additional info is available on the blog of the attorneys for the plaintiffs.
Thanks to Professor Dick Kaplan for alerting me to the story.
Wednesday, July 24, 2019
The Washington Post ran a story with this eye-catching headline, He was deemed too old to be dangerous. Now, at 77, he’s been convicted of another murder.
When we teach elder law, oftentimes the focus is on the elder as a victim, but we do know that an elder can also be a perpetrator. In this case, the perpetrator, who
When he came before a judge in Portland, Maine, in 2010, he was in his late 60s, and had spent roughly a third of his life in prison. After doing time for killing his wife, he had assaulted another woman and gone back to jail, only to get out and attack a third woman. Flick’s violent tendencies didn’t seem likely to go away with age, both the prosecutor and his probation officer warned. But the judge chose to sentence him to just shy of four years in prison, noting that by the time he was released in 2014, he would be 72 or 73.
Here's the crux of the matter--the quote from the judge who sentenced him: "[a]t some point Mr. Flick is going to age out of his capacity to engage in this conduct... , and incarcerating him beyond the time that he ages out doesn’t seem to me to make good sense.” The article notes that statistics support the judge's perspective on this, but those statistics didn't predict the outcome here:
Eight years after that hearing, [he] struck again, fatally stabbing a woman outside a laundromat ... as her 11-year-old twin sons watched. Now 77, he was convicted of murder ... and, this time, it looks likely that he’ll spend the rest of his life in prison. The charges carry a minimum 25-year sentence, and prosecutors plan to request that he be placed behind bars for life.
So to answer the question posed in the title of this post, No, he wasn't too old to commit another murder.
Tuesday, July 2, 2019
Last week Bloomberg Law ran a story about a new scam. Scammers Target Seniors With DNA Tests, Health Agency Says explains that the "free DNA test" is being sent to elders. "Companies offering the tests use the information gathered to steal identities or bill Medicare for unnecessary tests, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General said in an agency fraud alert. The fraudsters are targeting victims through telemarketing, booths at public events and door-to-door visits." The fraud alert from HHS'Inspector General, Fraud Alert: Genetic Testing Scam offers these suggestions for elders:
If a genetic testing kit is mailed to you, don't accept it unless it was ordered by your physician. Refuse the delivery or return it to the sender. Keep a record of the sender's name and the date you returned the items.
Be suspicious of anyone who offers you free genetic testing and then requests your Medicare number. If your personal information is compromised, it may be used in other fraud schemes.
A physician that you know and trust should approve any requests for genetic testing.
Medicare beneficiaries should be cautious of unsolicited requests for their Medicare numbers. If anyone other than your physician's office requests your Medicare information, do not provide it.
If you suspect Medicare fraud, contact the HHS OIG Hotline.Always remember that very little in life is free and if an offer sounds to good to be true, it isn't true.
Friday, June 28, 2019
The Office of Inspector General for Health & Human Services issued a report this month, Incidents of Potential Abuse and Neglect at Skilled Nursing Facilities Were Not Always Reported and Investigated.
Here's a summary of their findings
We determined that an estimated one in five high-risk hospital ER Medicare claims for treatment provided in calendar year 2016werethe result of potential abuse or neglect, including injury of unknown source, of beneficiaries residing in a SNF.We determined that SNFs failed to report many of these incidents to the Survey Agencies in accordance with applicable Federal requirements. We also determined that several Survey Agencies failed to report some findings of substantiated abuse to local law enforcement. Lastly, we determined that CMS does not require all incidents of potential abuse or neglect and related referrals made to law enforcement and other agencies to be recorded and tracked in the Automated Survey Processing Environment Complaints/Incidents Tracking System. Preventing, detecting, and combating elder abuse requires CMS, Survey Agencies, and SNFs to meet their responsibilities.
OIG's recommendations include
- work with the Survey Agencies to improve training for staff of SNFs on how to identify and report incidents of potential abuse or neglect of Medicare beneficiaries,
- clarify guidance to clearly define and provide examples of incidents of potential abuse or neglect,
- require the Survey Agencies to record and track all incidents of potential abuse or neglect in SNFs and referrals made to local law enforcement and other agencies, and
- monitor the Survey Agencies’ reporting of findings of substantiated abuse to local law enforcement.
The OIG full report is available here.
June 28, 2019 in Consumer Information, Crimes, Current Affairs, Elder Abuse/Guardianship/Conservatorship, Federal Cases, Federal Statutes/Regulations, Health Care/Long Term Care, Other | Permalink | Comments (0)
Wednesday, June 19, 2019
DOJ announced the creation of a multi-agency strike force to fight elder fraud. Justice Department Announces New Transnational Elder Fraud Strike Force. Law Enforcement Effort Will Coordinate Action Against Foreign Fraud Schemes that Target American Seniors announces
the establishment of the Transnational Elder Fraud Strike Force, a joint law enforcement effort that brings together the resources and expertise of the Department of Justice’s Consumer Protection Branch, the U.S. Attorneys’ Offices for six federal districts, the FBI, the U.S. Postal Inspection Service, and other organizations. The Strike Force will focus on investigating and prosecuting individuals and entities associated with foreign-based fraud schemes that disproportionately affect American seniors. These include telemarketing, mass-mailing, and tech-support fraud schemes.
The Transnational Elder Fraud Strike Force will be comprised of prosecutors and data analysts from the Consumer Protection Branch, prosecutors with six U.S. Attorneys’ Offices (Central District of California, Middle and Southern Districts of Florida, Northern District of Georgia, Eastern District of New York, Southern District of Texas), FBI special agents, Postal Inspectors, and numerous other law enforcement personnel. The Strike Force will also collaborate with the Federal Trade Commission and industry partners, who have pledged to engage with the Department to help end the scourge of elder fraud. It will further benefit from the help of the Elder Justice Coordinators now assigned in every U.S. Attorney’s Office.
Monday, June 17, 2019
The Government Accounting Office released a new report on Elder Justice. Elder Justice: Goals and Outcome Measures Would Provide DOJ with Clear Direction and a Means to Assess Its Efforts explains the reason for this report
Why GAO Did This Study
Researchers estimate that as many as 1 in 10 older adults in the United States—age 60 or older—experience abuse each year. Elder abuse may involve physical, sexual, emotional, or financial abuse or neglect. It can occur by family, guardians, or caregivers as well as by strangers and international criminal enterprises, which operate schemes for monetary gain or to facilitate other criminal activities. According to media reports and congressional testimony, some older U.S. citizens who have traveled abroad have unwittingly participated in illicit activities, and in some cases, have been arrested in foreign countries.
EAPPA included a provision for GAO to review elder justice efforts in the federal criminal justice system. This report examines (1) the ways DOJ works to address crimes against older adults, and to what extent DOJ is planning for and assessing its efforts; and (2) how the Departments of State and Homeland Security address the arrest of older U.S. citizens abroad, including arrests involving international criminal enterprises. GAO reviewed agency policy documents, and interviewed agency officials, as well as a nongeneralizable sample of elder abuse stakeholders and state and local officials selected for their experience in this area.
Along with offering examples of scams and frauds targeting elders, the GAO report included a recommendation for DOJ "that DOJ develop and document elder justice goals and outcome measures to better guide its elder justice efforts."
The full report is available here.
Friday, June 7, 2019
The Administration for Community Living (ACL) unveiled the Elder Justice Resources Hub which incorporates the work of several agencies, including NCEA (National Center on Elder Abuse), NCLER, (National Center on Law & Elder Rights), NAMRS,(National Adult Maltreatment Resource Center), NORC (National Long-Term Care Ombudsman Resource Center), PHA (Pension Help America), NRCWRP (National Resources Center on Women & Retirement Planning) and APS-TARC (APS Technical Assistance Resource Center) The website explains
No matter how old we are, justice requires that all people are equal and full members of our communities, and the safety and dignity of all its members are preserved, including older adults and people with disabilities. Unfortunately, we do not always live up to this ideal. Committed to developing systems and programs that encourage justice, prevent abuse, and provide protection and support to those in need, the Administration of Community Living (ACL) seeks to change how our society thinks of older people and those with disabilities and what we can do to enable their participation. Just like a stable building requires a strong set of support beams, we need a solid social structure so that older people and those with disabilities can live their lives to the fullest, participate in our communities, and live free from abuse and neglect.
This website highlights some of ACL’s efforts to build public and professional understanding about elder abuse and strengthen the social supports needed to prevent it. Strong, stable communities with structures to support people of all ages and abilities not only ensure justice and dignity for older people and adults with disabilities, but also secure the wellbeing and quality of life for us all.
Tuesday, June 4, 2019
Stan Lee may have created a superhero universe, but he had no superhero to protect him from alleged elder abuse, according to a recent article in the Washington Post. As Stan Lee’s ex-caregiver is arrested, last year’s videos provide an illuminating lens on his elder-abuse case explains that Mr. Lee's "adviser and confidant" had been arrested and "appeared in [an Arizona court] on a charge of being a fugitive of justice, ... accused of 'fleeing California charges of fiduciary elder abuse....'” According to the article, the charges filed in California include "theft, embezzlement, forgery/fraud against an elder and false imprisonment of an elder." One twist in this case is a video made by Mr. Lee some time ago in which he claimed he was not a victim of elder abuse. Now there are claims that the video wasn't done of his own free will. You can view the video in the article.
All I can say is stay tuned....
Sunday, May 26, 2019
Marketplace recently ran a story about fascinating research on whether there is a correlation between age and susceptibility to scams. Age of fraud: Are seniors more vulnerable to financial scams? opens with the story of one individual who fell victim to a "gift card" scam of almost $200,ooo. Think it can't happen to you? Here is where the science comes in.
[A researcher] and his colleagues have put a label on what they see as an all-too common condition: “age-associated financial vulnerability.”
“We are learning that there are changes in the aging brain, even in the absence of diseases like Alzheimer’s disease or other neurodegenerative illnesses, that may render older adults vulnerable to financial exploitation.”
The science is showing that older folks
ability to detect sketchy situations may decline. Or, we may become prone to seeing the upside of a risky deal and blow off the downside. Some people are more inclined to believe the last person they spoke to. Others may lose the ability to push back on a high-pressure predator. Researchers emphasize that this phenomenon goes way beyond changes in the brain.
“It also involves all of these other social and environmental factors like social isolation, like cultural factors and societal factors, like older adults having more wealth compared to younger generations,” said Marti DeLiema, a research scholar at the Stanford Center on Longevity.
Still think it can't happen to you? The researchers are examining "age-related financial vulnerability[and] are very interested in physical changes to the aging brain, the way eyesight and hearing can get less keen. In some cases, a new pattern of making mistakes with money may be a harbinger of cognitive bad things to come, the “first thing to go,” as it were"
Still think it can't happen to you? Read on. The optimal age for money management is 53 years old, according to the article. There is some advantage to age; the life experiences we acquire. Now we all know, as the article reflects, that scams don't just target older persons. There is no easy answer to the issue. How do you protect people from making bad decisions or from falling for a scam? The article references various state approaches and the federal Elder Abuse Prevention and Prosecution Act. FINRA is also asking brokers to "encourage customers to list the name of a trusted person to contact if something signals “scam.” Banks have no such rule."
The remainder of the article focuses on the responses and need for more work. Several experts offer suggestions for responses. I thought this one response was poignant: "abuse of the elderly is, at its core, lack of social support. The cure is social support. It’s possible that the best way to help vulnerable loved ones is just to be there, to be present in their lives."
Think this can't happen to you? Think again. And read this article.
May 26, 2019 in Consumer Information, Crimes, Current Affairs, Elder Abuse/Guardianship/Conservatorship, Federal Statutes/Regulations, Science, State Statutes/Regulations, Statistics | Permalink | Comments (0)
Friday, April 19, 2019
Professor Jalila Jeffferson-Bullock has published a new article, Quelling the Silver Tsunami: Compassionate Release of Elderly Offenders. The article appears in 79 Ohio State Law Journal 937-990 (2018) and is available on SSRN here.
The abstract to the article tells us
Sentencing reform appears resurrected. Following a brief hiatus and an expectedly unwelcoming recent federal response, sentencing reform is again reemerging as a major initiative. Congress and the several states are poised to immediately accomplish major reform of the United States criminal sentencing structure. Proposals that would, among other initiatives, drastically reduce criminal sentences, restore rehabilitative programs to inmates, generate sentencing parity, normalize probation for low-level offenses, and shrink the overall prison footprint are ambling through various legislative processes throughout the country. Though groundbreaking and certainly welcome, these reforms largely ignore the special needs of the imprisoned elderly. One of the most foreseeable, yet ironically ignored, consequences of 1980's and 1990's harsh sentencing laws, is the dramatic upsurge in prison population through the predictable process of human aging. Coined the prison “silver tsunami” phenomenon, surging numbers of elderly inmates raises significant moral, health, and fiscal implications deserving keen scrutiny. It is imperative, then, that any overhaul of criminal sentencing focuses on how to meaningfully address the graying of America's prisons.
I usually stop the blog post with the abstract, but I want you to read the opening of the article, too.
I am 70 years old, and I have eight more years to spend in this prison--if I make it. None of my other siblings lived to see their 71st birthday. Lots of the young guys in here still feel like they have something to prove. They pick fights with each other, talk stuff to the guards, smuggle drug, phones, movies, and liquor in. Me, I'm over that. I read the Bible, exercise,and try to be a good example to the other guys. That's how I spend my days. I guess that's all I would do if I were out too. Except, I wouldn't have to do it alone. I think a lot about my wife, been married forty years. My kids are grown and moved all over the country. And my grandbabies, I never can see them. Not being with them, knowing that I may die in here, all alone--that's punishment on top of punishment. (citations omitted)
Read this article-a timely and important topic!