Wednesday, August 10, 2016
Unequal Access Report: Twenty Percent of California's Charter Schools Have Exclusionary Admissions Policies
The ACLU Foundation of Southern California and the Public Advocates have released Unequal Access: How Some California Charter Schools Illegally Restrict Enrollment. Unequal Access reports that over 20% of California’s charter schools (about 253), have exclusionary admissions policies. At least 22 of those schools have policies that expressly exclude low academic performers, the very set of students who are often cited to justify charter creation. Cribbed from the report’s summary:
Although charter schools may be privately controlled and receive non-government funding, they are part of California’s public education system. The California Constitution requires all students to have equal access to educational opportunity, and the state legislature made this principle clear in the California Charter Schools Act, which plainly requires charter schools to “admit all pupils who wish to attend.” Except for limitations due to space, charter schools may not enact admissions requirements or other barriers to enrollment and must admit all students who apply, just as traditional public schools cannot turn away students.
Our review of California charter schools’ reveal that over 20% have written policies reveals that illegally prevent students from enrolling or remaining at their schools because the policies:
- Deny enrollment to students who do not have strong grades or test scores.
- Expel students who do not maintain strong grades or test scores.
- Deny enrollment to students who do not meet a minimum level of English proficiency.
- Discourage or preclude immigrant students from attending by requiring parents/guardians or
- students to provide Social Security numbers or other citizenship information before enrollment.
- Select students based on onerous pre-enrollment requirements such as student or
- parent/guardian essays or interviews.
- Refuse to enroll students unless their parents/guardians volunteer or donate money to the school.
The report recommends that charter school operators eliminate all exclusionary admission requirements that restrict student enrollment on the above grounds.