Wednesday, January 19, 2022
Michael Heise and Jason P. Nance (Cornell Law School and University of Florida Levin College of Law) has posted 'Defund the (School) Police'?: Bringing Data to Key School-to-Prison Pipeline Claims (111 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 717 (2021)) on SSRN. Here is the abstracct:
Nationwide calls to “Defund the Police,” largely attributable to the resurgent Black Lives Matter demonstrations, have motivated derivative calls for public school districts to consider “defunding” (or modifying) school resource officer (“SRO/police”) programs. To be sure, a school’s SRO/police presence—and the size of that presence—may influence the school’s student discipline reporting policies and practices. How schools report student discipline and whether it involves referrals to law enforcement agencies matter, particularly as they may fuel a growing “school-to-prison pipeline.” The school-to-prison pipeline research literature features two general claims that frame debates about changes in how public schools approach student discipline and the growing number of calls for schools to defund SRO/police programs. One claim is that public schools’ increasingly “legalized” approach toward student discipline increases the likelihood that students will be thrust into the criminal justice system.