Tuesday, September 14, 2021
Christopher Slobogin (Vanderbilt University - Law School) has posted Suspectless Searches on SSRN. Here is the abstract:
Traditional searches of persons, houses, papers or effects usually begin with an identified suspect. But today police are increasingly using technology to engage in what might be called suspectless searches—searches that try to identify a perpetrator—using techniques like geofencing, TiVo droning, DNA matching, automated license plate readers, and facial recognition technology. The Fourth Amendment should govern use of such techniques. But application of its reasonableness requirement to suspectless searches should not always require a warrant or probable cause, given the minimal intrusion often associated with them. Instead, the focus in these types of cases should be how to circumscribe the scope of the search consistent with the Fourth Amendment’s particularity mandate and ensure that normal Fourth Amendment constraints are followed when police act on the information they obtain from the suspectless search.