Tuesday, August 11, 2020
Augustine Arimoro and Abba Elgujja (St Mary's University Twickenham and University of Salford) have posted When Dissent by Football Fans On Social Media Turns to Hate: Call for Stricter Measures (University of Maidguri Journal of Public Law Vol. 6 Iss. 1 (2019)) on SSRN. Here is the abstract:
This article examines the use of abusive language by football fans on the social media and the lack of strict measures by the social media sites to take down derogatory posts directed at football stars. In doing so, the article highlights cases of where football stars plying their trade in the English Premier League have been targeted for abusive remarks on the social media. The article finds that social media sites do not consider an abusive statement as a hate speech unless it touches on matters of faith, sexual orientation ill health or sexual orientation/identity. Another finding is that little is being done to enforce stricter measures to censor abuse on social media sites. The argument in the article is that any abuse capable of causing emotional pain or distress on the victim should be considered as a hate speech. The recommendation is that the law should define insults capable of causing emotional injury as hate and for the application of stricter measures in dealing with derogatory remarks on social media.