Wednesday, November 28, 2018
Juste Abramovaite, Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay, Samrat Bhattacharya and Nick Cowen (University of Birmingham, University of Birmingham - Department of Economics, Fifth Third Bank - Asset Management Division and New York University School of Law) have posted Alternatives to Custody: Evidence from Police Force Areas in England and Wales (The British Journal of Criminology, Forthcoming) on SSRN. Here is the abstract:
England and Wales have some of the highest incarceration rates in the developed world. Recent policy reforms have focused on developing alternatives to custody that offer credible protection for the public, and justice for victims of crime. This paper uses unique detailed panel-level data acquired from the Ministry of Justice for all Police Force Areas from 2002 to 2013 in England and Wales to analyse the effects of custodial and non-custodial sentences on recorded crime. Our results suggest that non-custodial sentences can be an effective alternative to custody at reducing property crime but their effect is less consistent for violent crime. This suggests that non-custodial sentences are credible, cost-effective substitutes to incarceration.