CrimProf Blog

Editor: Kevin Cole
Univ. of San Diego School of Law

Sunday, April 30, 2006

This Week's Top 5 Crim Papers

This week's top 5 papers on SSRN, with number of recent downloads, are:

(1) 184 Report on Guantanamo Detainees: A Profile of 517 Detainees through Analysis of Department of Defense Data
Mark Denbeaux, Joshua W. Denbeaux,
Seton Hall University - School of Law, Denbeaux & Denbeaux,
Date posted to database: February 21, 2006
Last Revised: March 6, 2006
(2) 134 Therapeutic Forgetting: The Legal and Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening
Adam J. Kolber,
University of San Diego School of Law,
Date posted to database: March 2, 2006
Last Revised: March 16, 2006
(3) 112 The Poverty of the Moral Stimulus
John Mikhail,
Georgetown University - Law Center,
Date posted to database: April 19, 2006
Last Revised: April 27, 2006
(4) 86 Regulation by Generalization
Frederick Schauer, Richard J. Zeckhauser,
Harvard University - John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University - John F. Kennedy School of Government,
Date posted to database: November 15, 2005
Last Revised: April 17, 2006
(5) 65 Loyalty to One's Convictions: The Prosecutor and Tunnel Vision
Susan Bandes,
DePaul University - College of Law,
Date posted to database: March 16, 2006
Last Revised: March 17, 2006

April 30, 2006 in Weekly Top 5 SSRN Crim Downloads | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Anti-Snitching Movement Hurting Law Enforcement

Story.  [Mark Godsey]

April 30, 2006 in Law Enforcement | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Man Recently Exonerated by DNA After Doing 12...

Friday, April 28, 2006

The Duke Lacrossse Players and the Scottsboro Boys

NC CrimProf Arnold Loewy's oped on unpopular defendants and wrongful convictions here.  Thanks to Isthatlegal.

April 28, 2006 in News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Attention Boulder Residents: ID Dope Smokers, Get Paid

The University of Colorado police closed down the field where the annual smoke-in was to be held, posting signs, barricades and ushers to keep the kids out.  The signs even warned that video surveillance was in use.  Well, it was.  Now, the University is offering rewards for the identities of those who crossed the line and lit up.  Now, I think it would be hard to charge them with possession; the evidence is up in smoke, and it is hard to identify marijuana from a photograph--it could be tobacco.  But, they surely could charge them with trespass based on a photo, and it looks like they will.  (Thanks to BoingBoing).

Too bad they are not little old ladies charged with blocking a recruiting station to protest the war--evidently, that's legal. (And here's Dan Filler on Medical Marijuana) [Jack Chin]

April 28, 2006 in Drugs | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

Prof Arrested for Destroying Anti-Abortion Crosses

Hindsight is 20-20, I guess, but this class project seems ill-concieved.  A prof at Northern Kentucky University urged her students to destroy a series of crosses placed on campus by a right to life group.   The students and faculty member did it, were arrested, and now face criminal charges.

April 28, 2006 in Criminal Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

New Article Spotlight: The Blaming Function of Entity Criminal Liability

Texas CrimProf Samuel Buell has posted the above titled-paper on SSRN.  Here's the abstract:

Application of the doctrine of entity criminal liability, which had only a thin tort-like rationale at inception, now sometimes instantiates a social practice of blaming institutions. Examining that social practice can ameliorate persistent controversy over entity liability's place in the criminal law. An organization's role in its agent's bad act is often evaluated with a moral slant characteristic of judgments of criminality and with inquiry into whether the institution qua institution contributed to the agent's wrong. Legal process, by lending clarity and authority, enhances the communicative impact, in the form of reputational effects, of blaming an institution for a wrong. Reputational effects can flow through to individuals in ways that reduce probability of future wrongdoing by altering individual preferences and forcing reevaluation and reform of institutional arrangements. Blame and utility are closely connected here: the impulse to blame organizations and the beneficial effects of doing so both appear to depend on the degree of institutional influence on the agent.

These insights imply that the doctrine should be tailored, unlike present law, to more fully exploit criminal law's expressive capital by selecting cases according to entity blameworthiness. Barriers to describing the phenomenon of organizational influence and culture prevent discovery of a first-best rule of institutional responsibility. A second-best step would be to enhance the existing doctrine's examination of agent mens rea, to impose fault only if the agent acted primarily with the intent to benefit the firm.

Obtain paper here.  [Mark Godsey]

April 28, 2006 in Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, April 27, 2006

NJ: Admission of Priest's Statement of Homosexuality Causes Reversal of Conviction

A priest, "Michael F.", convicted of abusing a youthful male parisoner, had his conviction reversed because his statement that he was struggling with homosexuality, made to the police att he time of his arrest, was admitted in his criminal trial. A three-judge panel of the Appellate Division concluded: "The admission of this statement injected into this case the specter of a jury deciding defendant's guilt on the unfounded association between homosexuality and pedophilia. Moreover, defendant's fear that the statement would be used to draw unwarranted conclusions was realized when the judge reminded the jury that defendant stated that he was homosexual."

Another interesting passage in a NJAD decision caught my eye: said the court: "In a brief, which was
unnecessarily lengthy, defendant advances ten errors allegedly committed by the trial court during defendant's Cape May County jury trial. The excessively wordy and repetitive 104 page "brief" made it more difficult for us to discern whether defendant was advancing any meritorious allegations. After our careful review of the record, however, we conclude that several errors were made that require reversal of defendant's conviction and a new trial."  Well, as a former law clerk I am sympathetic to the court's irritation with a prolix brief.  On the other hand, as a former appellate defender, I can't help but notice that the wordy and repetitive brief won; somehow the advocate caught the court's attention.  Counsel must have been doing something right. [Jack Chin]

April 27, 2006 in Criminal Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (3)

Organized Crime Via the Internet

Now OC gangs are targeting people in the comfort of their own homes--via the internet.  [Mark Godsey]

April 27, 2006 in Organized Crime | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SCOTUS Considers Pain of Deadly Injection

From NPR:  All Things Considered, April 26, 2006 · The Supreme Court hears arguments on what condemned inmates can do to challenge their method of execution. The Florida case centers on whether an inmate should get a federal court hearing on his claim that the lethal-injection method causes unnecessary pain.  Listen to story here.  [Mark Godsey]

April 27, 2006 in Capital Punishment | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, April 26, 2006

David Copperfield Makes His Wallet Magically Disappear During Attempted Mugging

It's reported as if true.  Story here.  [Mark Godsey]

April 26, 2006 in News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

9th Circuit Reverses Dope Case based on Jury Consultation With Attorney

A lot of times instructions are hard to understand, yet, evidently, jurors have no right to call friends who are attorneys for clarification.  Opinion here.

April 26, 2006 in Due Process | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

FL: "Pumping Party" Conviction Reversed

A Florida man convicted of felony murder based on injecting store-bought silicone into people who wanted cut rate, amateur plastic surgery was convicted of murder when one "patient" died.  The Florida District Court of Appeals reversed the conviction, holding that a doctor's testimony that the silicone inections led to death was insufficient.  Story here, opinion here.

April 26, 2006 in Criminal Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

LSU CrimProf Green's New Book

Greens_new_book LSU CrimProf Stuart Green has a new book, entitled Lying, Cheating, and Stealing : A Moral Theory of White Collar Crime.  Here's the description:

The picture of crime that dominates the popular imagination is one of unambiguous wrondoing--manifestly harmful acts that are clearly worthy of condemnation. The accompanying picture of the criminal--the thief, the murderer--is a picture of society's failures--to be cast out and re-integrated through a process of punishment and penance. Our understanding of white-collar crime, by contrast, is pervaded by moral and imaginative ambiguity. Such crimes are often commited by society's success stories, by the rich and the powerful, and frequently have no visible victim at their root. The problem of marrying these disparate pictures has led to a confusion of the boundaries of white-collar cime. How is it possible to distinguish criminal fraud from mere lawful "puffing," tax evasion from "tax avoidance," obstruction of justice from "zealous advocacy," insider trading from "savvy investing," bribery from "log rolling," and extortion from "hard bargaining"? How should we, as scholars and students, lawyers and judges, law enforcement officials and the general public, distinguish the lawful from the unlawful, the civil from the criminal?

In the first in-depth study of its kind, Stuart Green exposes the ambiguities and uncertainties that pervade the white-collar crimes, and offers an approach to their solution. Drawing on recent cases involving such figures as Martha Stewart, Bill Clinton, Tom DeLay, Scooter Libby, Jeffrey Archer, Enron's Andrew Fastow and Kenneth Lay, HealthSouth's Richard Scrushy, Yukos Oil's Mikhail Khodorkovsky, and the Arthur Andersen accounting firm, Green weaves together what at first appear to be disparate threads in the criminal code, revealing a complex and fascinating web of moral insights about the nature of guilt and innocence, and what, fundamentally, constitutes conduct worthy of punishment by criminal sanction.  Green argues that white-collar crime is best understood through a framework of everyday moral concepts that include not only lying, cheating, and stealing, but also coerction, exploitation, disloyalty, promise-breaking, disobedience, and other forms of deception. In the process, he reveals the essentially moral fabric underlying the legal category of white-collar crime.   [Mark Godsey]

April 26, 2006 in Book Club | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Why Innocent People Confess

LA Times story here.  [Mark Godsey]

April 26, 2006 in Confessions and Interrogation | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, April 25, 2006

SCOTUS Habeas Case

From  The U.S. Supreme Court April 25 decided one case related to the criminal justice system.  In Day v. McDonough, No. 04-1324, the court held that a federal district court has discretion to dismiss a habeas corpus petition sua sponte for failing to comply with the one-year statute of limitations set by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act even if the state has answered the petition without contesting the issue of timeliness.

April 25, 2006 in Supreme Court | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Duke Rape Suspect Blows Diversion Deal in Assault Case

Colin Finnerty got diversion in a D.C. assault case, but he failed to not get rearrested.  So, he's going to trial.  I think this kind of condition is very unfair--a person can get arrested for any reason.  Even if there's PC, it does not mean Finnerty did anything wrong.  A condition that the person not commit any crimes, that would be fine, but it is not fair to create a condition which is beyond the control of the defendant. [Jack Chin]

April 25, 2006 in News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

MA: New Trial Ordered in 1973 Kidnapping Conviction

Story here.  The tainted evidence: Bullet lead analysis and voice analysis; according to the story, "the FBI ordered agents not to hand over lab reports showing it was not possible to make a definitive match using the technology available."  The defendant had filed numerous unsuccessful appeals over the years.

April 25, 2006 in Exoneration Innocence Accuracy | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Milwaukee Sex Offenders Use Myspace to Network

Story here.

April 25, 2006 in News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Probation in Texas: Anything Goes

This Dallas Morning News article in which Minnesota CrimProf Kevin Reitz is quoted describes two probationers supervized by the same judge.  One was convicted of robbery, got probation, failed a drug test and was resentenced to life.  The other was convicted of murder, failed five drug tests while on probation and was given reduced conditions of probation.

April 25, 2006 in Sentencing Corrections | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)