Monday, May 28, 2018
Today our country observes Memorial Day--a time to remember and honor individuals who died while serving our country in the military. As the wife of a Marine Corps veteran, holidays like Memorial Day and Veterans' Day are dear to my heart.
As I was thinking about the upcoming holiday, I pondered how many Supreme Court Justices have served in the military. The Supreme Court has decided several cases that impact the military, but how many are familiar with military service? In searching the Internet for an answer, I stumbled across an August 2012 Atlantic article by Andrew Cohen, addressing the very topic. According to Cohen, none of the current members of the Court have "active, wartime military experience." (Note: Justice Gorsuch, who joined the Court after the article was published, also doesn't have military experience). The last Justice with such experience was Justice John Paul Stevens, who served as a cryptographer in World War II.
Reviewing the backgrounds of the 112 Justices of the Supreme Court, Cohen estimated that only 41 had military experience, but "many never served in active duty during wartime or fired at an enemy." Included in this group is Justice Kennedy (California Army National Guard), Justice Alito (ROTC and Army Reserves), and Justice Breyer (Army service).
Cohen's detailed research reviews each war and notes which Justices served. Some notable veterans: Justice Holmes, Justice Black, Chief Justice Warren, Justice White, and Chief Justice Rehnquist. Cohen notes, however, that since World War II, no future justices have served in combat. As he states, "three generations of justices have come and gone since the end of hostilities in 1945, and yet none have seen combat before their tenure on the Court. Never before in our history, or in the history of the United States Supreme Court, has this occurred."
If Justice Kennedy does retire, perhaps President Trump will consider a veteran for the high court. At least one member of his "shortlist"--Margaret Ryan--would fit that bill.