The European Union (EU) Antitrust Damages Directive (Directive) was enacted in December 2014 after nearly a decade of consultations—its implementation was due by 27 December 2016. The Directive entails a number of requirements reforming the Member States’ substantive and procedural law, thereby specifying the European damages regime. It seeks to boost private enforcement and, in particular, to enable each purchaser that suffers damage due to infringements of competition law to claim compensation.

The main objective of the Directive is the attainment of ‘full compensation’, with ‘deterrence’ being stipulated as an important secondary goal.

This paper brings into focus the harm borne by final consumers.