Wills, Trusts & Estates Prof Blog

Editor: Gerry W. Beyer
Texas Tech Univ. School of Law

Wednesday, April 3, 2013

Article on Slayer Statutes

9228277a41f2160f45fa72e505bb7e2fCarla Spivack (Professor of Law, Oklahoma City University School of Law) recently posted her article entitled Killers Shouldn't Inherit From Their Victims...Or Should They? on SSRN. The abstract of her article which will appear in an upcoming issue of the Georgia Law Review is below: 

The article offers a profound reassessment of so-called “Slayer Rules,” laws that, in all states, bar killers from inheriting from their victims. For the first time in the literature, this piece questions the underlying rationale for these rules by examining the context of family violence and mental illness in which these killing occur, and argues that, given that context, these rules are often neither legally nor morally justified. 

My argument is as follows: at first glance, the idea behind Slayer Rules seems reasonable, indeed, morally obvious: a killer should not be able to profit from his or her crime. This truism, however, may not necessarily be true. Where murder and inheritance overlap, we often find family. When family members kill one another, the equities are often cloudy. The sociopathic child who kills a grandparent to hasten an inheritance is an anomaly. In reality, murders within families are usually a product of that family’s harmful, often violent, dynamics, from which, because of the failures of state and society, a family member sometimes can find no escape except murder. Most women who kill their husbands or partners do so to protect themselves ortheir children from violence. Most children who kill a parent act to stop severe and prolonged abuse by that parent; most of the other child killers are acutely mentally ill. Most mothers who kill children suffer from post-partum psychosis, a severe mental illness whose symptoms include visual and auditory hallucinations and delusions. Once the tragedy has occurred, the legal system often fails to address the defendant’s plight, offering inadequate representation, barring effective defenses at trial, and extorting guilty pleas that may not reflect actual guilt. Given this reality, it’s not clear that barring the defendant’s inheritance is just, fair, or even sound policy.


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