TortsProf Blog

Editor: Christopher J. Robinette
Widener Commonwealth Law School

Thursday, December 26, 2013

Oliphant Steps Down at IETL

After 5 successful years of leading the Institute for European Tort Law, Ken Oliphant is stepping down at the end of 2013 to resume his position as Professor of Tort Law at the University of Bristol.  Ernst Karner, of the University of Vienna, will act as interim Director.  Congratulations and best wishes to both!

--CJR

December 26, 2013 in TortsProfs | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, December 20, 2013

ATRA Releases "Judicial Hellholes" List

The American Tort Reform Association has released its annual "Judicial Hellholes" list. California tops the list followed by Louisiana and New York City.  The ABA Journal and Forbes have more.

- SBS

 

December 20, 2013 in Legislation, Reforms, & Political News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, December 18, 2013

NC: Alienation of Affections Suit Against Interloper, Online Dating Site

A North Carolina man has filed a suit alleging alienation of affections not only against the man who had an affair with his wife, but also against Ashley Madison, an online dating site that markets to people interested in affairs.  The North Carolina legislature restricted heart balm actions to natural persons in 2009, but the plaintiff's lawyer argues that the actions leading to the breakup of the marriage occurred in 2007 and the old law applies.  The Charlotte Observer has the details.

Via Olson/Overlawyered.

--CJR

December 18, 2013 in Current Affairs | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, December 17, 2013

New York Rejects Medical Monitoring

Commentary by George Conk at Torts Today.

Updated:  And from Mark Behrens at Point of Law.

--CJR

December 17, 2013 in Weblogs | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, December 16, 2013

Toyota May Settle Unintended Acceleration Cases

Ken Bensinger at the LA Times reports that Toyota is engaged in settlement talks over the sudden unintended acceleration (SUA) cases that resulted in death or injury.   (Toyota previously settled the economic loss cases, and the court approved that settlement last July).   Our friend Byron Stier, over at Mass Torts Profs, is quoted in the article.

- SBS

December 16, 2013 in Current Affairs, MDLs and Class Actions | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, December 13, 2013

MO: Bill Would Restore $350K Med Mal Noneconomic Damages Cap

Rep. Eric Burlison has pre-filed a bill that would reinstate a noneconomic damages cap of $350,000 on med mal cases in Missouri.  In 2012, the state supreme court struck down a similar cap.  The Missouri House passed a cap last year, but it died in the Senate.  KMSU has the story.

--CJR

December 13, 2013 in Legislation, Reforms, & Political News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, December 12, 2013

New Issue of JETL

Journal of European Tort Law, 3/2013
Table of Contents
 
Articles:

 Imgard Griss‘How Judges Think: Judicial Reasoning in Tort Cases from a Comparative Perspective’(2013) 3 JETL 247

 Donal Nolan‘Damage in the English Law of Negligence’(2013) 3 JETL259

Patrick O’Callaghan‘False Privacy and Information Games’ (2013) 3 JETL282

 Case Commentaries:

 Paula Giliker‘Vicarious Liability “On the Move”: The English Supreme Court andEnterprise Liability’ (2013) 3 JETL 306

Quinten De Raedt‘Loss of a Chance in Medical Malpractice: A Double Application’ (2013) 3 JETL 314

Review Article:

Joseph A Page‘D Dobbs/ P Hayden/E Bublick, The Law of Torts, Practitioner Treatise Series’(2013) 3 JETL 328

Book Reviews:

Peter Stockenhuber‘G Messen,Der Anspruch auf Schadenersatz bei Verstössen gegen EU-Kartellrecht (2013) 2 JETL339

Olivier Moréteau‘François Terré (ed), Pour une réform du droit de la responsabilité civile, Collection: Thémes’(2013) 3 JETL 342

Jane Wright 'A Fenyes/ E Karner/ E Steiner (eds), Tort Law in the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights’ (2013) 3 JETL 347

Christophe Quézel-Ambrunaz‘R Goldberg (ed), Perspectives on Causation’ (2013) 3 JETL 351

Christina Eberl-Borges‘Peter North, Civil Liability for Animals’ (2013) 3 JETL 356

--CJR

December 12, 2013 in Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, December 11, 2013

"Fore!" - Golfer Liability in New Jersey

A New Jersey Superior Court reaffirmed that only the golfer taking the shot is legally responsibile for yelling "fore" for an errant shot.  In Corino v. Duffy, the court held that two bystanders - friends of the golfer hitting the ball and part of the threesome - were not liable  for the golfer's shot striking the plaintiff in the right eye.  A copy of the decision is available here.  The Legal Blitz has more on the decision.

- SBS

December 11, 2013 in Current Affairs, Sports, Teaching Torts | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, December 9, 2013

European Tort Law 2012

Ken Oliphant and Barbara C. Steininger have edited European Tort Law Yearbook 2012.  It contains reports on tort law developments in 28 European countries and in the law of the EU. As a bonus, there is an additional report from Israel. 

Amongst the legislative highlights in European tort law in 2012 were a new Civil Code in the Czech Republic and a new German Act on Patients Rights. Amongst the most interesting cases reported were contradictory decisions on liability for wrongful life in Italy (where the Supreme Court allowed a wrongful life claim for the first time) and Israel (where the Supreme Court in Hammer v Amit reversed its prior decision in Zeitsov v Katz, 40(2) PD 85(1986) and rejected wrongful life claims under Israeli law). Supreme Courts in France, Latvia and Switzerland answered in the affirmative the controversial question whether a legal entity may claim damages for non-pecuniary loss suffered in consequence of the violation of its personal rights.
 
--CJR

December 9, 2013 in Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, December 5, 2013

"Abnormal Interviews" - Professor Bill Janssen

Abnormal Use continues its series of interviews with products liability professors and practitioners with an interview with my colleague, Bill Janssen.  

- SBS

December 5, 2013 in TortsProfs | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, December 4, 2013

Burch on Zimmerman on the Corrective Justice State

Elizabeth Chamblee Burch (Georgia) has posted to SSRN Revisiting the Government as Plaintiff.  The abstract provides:

This is a symposium essay dedicated to the late Richard Nagareda and written in response to Adam S. Zimmerman's piece, The Corrective Justice State.

As Professor Zimmerman recognizes, the debate over governments acting as plaintiffs and “regulating by deal” has shifted from initial questions over whether litigation produces the best public policy and whether executive officials are acting within the scope of their authority to how government actors should pursue and allocate settlements.  Yet, as this first wave of controversy suggests, the slate upon which executive officials currently write is neither clean nor uncontroversial.  Instead, this new debate is playing out in an unsettled landscape where those first-order questions about legitimacy remain unresolved.

When layered atop the existing controversy over the intermingling of government functions, executive officials’ relatively new allocative role may put their actions even further at odds with their traditional regulatory and proprietary functions, particularly when the action yielding the compensation is a public substitute for a private right of action.  What principles should guide officials in this new role: traditional tort law, social welfare, or political equality principles such as one person one vote?  More specifically, should executive officials look to tort law precepts to govern the allocation and retain concepts such as economic loss and the collateral source rule, or employ a governmental aid aspect, which would suggest a principal of equality that would not vary based on one’s income but would consider collateral sources of compensation?

Zimmerman suggests that officials have attempted to justify both their regulatory and allocative decisions with ill-suited corrective justice principles that translate poorly from the private to the public sphere.  Despite reservations about whether regulation through litigation results in the best policies or offers democratic checks, he seems more willing to accept executive officials’ increased litigation role in the wake of Congressional failings and the difficulty of certifying a private class action.  He thus tailors his reform proposals to target the government’s allocative function, suggesting ways to improve legitimacy and transparency in distributing recoveries, whatever the guiding principle might be. 

Still, certain concerns and questions linger.  First, Zimmerman narrows his focus to the second generation question of allocation, even though he raises and dismisses first-generation concerns over whether executive officials are properly acting within the scope of their authority and whether the regulatory solutions they generate through litigation are legitimate and optimal.  Shoring up back-end allocation procedures, however, does not alleviate first-generation legitimacy questions or regulatory concerns.  Second, Zimmerman opts not to iron out overarching systemic problems like legislative stalemates or mounting difficulty in certifying class actions,  preferring instead (or perhaps more realistically) to work within the circumstances that prompt executive action.  Yet, truly legitimizing process and adhering to corrective justice principles would require resolving systemic concerns about who should litigate and who should regulate.  Finally, given concerns that judges already “rubber stamp” class-action settlements and that parties tend to find innovative ways to gerrymander votes and stakeholder input in areas like bankruptcy, one might question the effectiveness of Zimmerman’s proposals for enhancing due process when allocating state recovery to affected citizens.

--CJR

December 4, 2013 in Conferences, Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, December 3, 2013

Hylton, Lin, & Chu on Negligence and Two-Sided Causation

Keith Hylton (Boston University), Haizhen Lin (Indiana University), and Hyo-Youn Chu (Kyung Hee University) have posted to SSRN Negligence and Two-Sided Causation.  The abstract provides:

We extend the economic analysis of negligence and intervening causation to “two-sided causation” scenarios.  In the two-sided causation scenario the effectiveness of the injurer’s care depends on some intervention, and the risk of harm generated by the injurer’s failure to take care depends on some other intervention.  We find that the distortion from socially optimal care is more severe in the two-sided causation scenario than in the one-sided causation scenario, and generally in the direction of excessive care.  The practical lesson is that the likelihood that injurers will have optimal care incentives under the negligence test in the presence of intervening causal factors is low.

--CJR

December 3, 2013 in Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)