Securities Law Prof Blog

Editor: Eric C. Chaffee
Univ. of Toledo College of Law

A Member of the Law Professor Blogs Network

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

New in Print

The following law review articles relating to securities regulation are now available in paper format:

Billy Hopkins, Note, Fraud Created the Market: A Presumption Without Basis, 52 U. Louisville L. Rev. 529 (2014).

Thea Reilkoff, Note, Legislating Corporate Social Responsibility: Expanding Social Disclosure through the Resource Extraction Disclosure Rule, 98 Minn. L. Rev. 2435 (2014).

Ahmed E. Taha & John V. Petrocelli, Sending Mixed Messages: Investor Interpretations of Disclosures of Analyst Stock Ownership, 20 Psychol. Pub. Pol'y & L. 68 (2014).

The Nation State and Its Banks: The International Regulation of Financial Institutions, Financial Products, and Sovereign Debt, Introduction by David S. Marcou; articles by Rolf H. Weber, Douglas W. Arner, Evan C. Gibson, Simone Baumann, Christoph G. Paulus, John A.E. Pottow, Charles W. Mooney, Jr., Caroline Bradley, Stephen J. Lubben, Sarah Pei Woo, Jay Lawrence Westbrook, Anna Gelpern, Christian Hofmann. 49 Tex. Int'l L.J. 145-443 (2014).

October 7, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Chair White on Global Enforcement

On October 1, 2014 at the IOSCO 39th Annual Conference in Rio de Janiero, Chair Mary Jo White delivered remarks on The Challenge of Coverage, Accountability and Deterrence in Global Enforcement. In summarizing, the SEC's current approach to global enforcement, Chair White stated,

To meet that challenge, we must remain vigilant in combating fraud and other misconduct, whether in our own backyards or across the globe. We must continue to work together through the MMoU and our bilateral agreements, and we must assess these tools constantly, making sure that they are as effective as they can be in our rapidly changing world. We want the fraudsters who seek to prey on our investors and manipulate our markets to know that there is no place to run and no place to hide. The investors who place their faith and their trust in us deserve no less.

October 7, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, October 6, 2014

Commissioner Piwowar on Fiduciary Duties of Retail Investment Advisors

On September 30, 2014 in Washington, D.C., at the National Association of Plan Advisors D.C. Fly-In Forum, Commissioner Michael S. Piwowar delivered remarks on the fiduciary duties of retail investment advisors.

October 6, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SEC, FINRA and the MSRB to Hold Compliance Outreach Program for Municipal Advisors

Details are available here.

October 6, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

IOSCO Issues a Report on Market-Based Financing for SMEs and Infrastructure

The International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) has published a report on capital market solutions in developed and emerging markets that have contributed to financing fro small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and infrastructure projects.  The press release is available here.

October 6, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

This Week in Securities Litigation

Thursday, October 2, 2014

New in Print

The following law review articles relating to securities regulation are now available in paper format:

Quinn Curtis & John Morley, An Empirical Study of Mutual Fund Excessive Fee Litigation: Do the Merits Matter? 30 J.L. Econ. & Org. 275 (2014).

Thomas O. Gorman, Emerging Trends in FCPA Enforcement, 37 Fordham Int'l L.J. 1193 (2014).

Serena Y. Shi, Comment, Dragon's House of Cards: Perils of Investing in Variable Interest Entities Domiciled in the People's Republic of China and Listed in the United States, 37 Fordham Int'l L.J. 1265 (2014).

Zenichi Shishido, Does Law Matter to Financial Capitalism? The Case of Japanese Entrepreneurs, 37 Fordham Int'l L.J. 1087 (2014).

2013 Symposium, The Changing Politics of Central Banks, Keynote address by Daniel K. Tarullo; articles by Douglas R. Holmes and Annelise Riles. 47 Cornell Int'l L.J. 1-119 (2014).

October 2, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, September 25, 2014

Gennaioli, Martin & Rossi on Government Bonds

Nicola Gennaioli, Alberto Martin, and Stefano Rossi have posted Banks, Government Bonds, and Default: What Do the Data Say? on SSRN with the following abstract:

We analyze holdings of public bonds by over 20,000 banks in 191 countries, and the role of these bonds in 20 sovereign defaults over 1998-2012. Banks hold many public bonds (on average 9% of their assets), particularly in less financially-developed countries. During sovereign defaults, banks increase their exposure to public bonds, especially large banks and when expected bond returns are high. At the bank level, bondholdings correlate negatively with subsequent lending during sovereign defaults. This correlation is mostly due to bonds acquired in pre-default years. These findings shed light on alternative theories of the sovereign default-banking crisis nexus.

September 25, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Chauhan & Gautam on Mutual Funds

Tarini Chauhan and Jayant Gautam have posted An Analysis of Performance of Mutual Funds: Public Sector vs Private Sector on SSRN with the following abstract:

A mutual fund is a mechanism for pooling the resources by issuing units to the investors and investing funds in securities in accordance with their objectives. Investors need to know how risky individual assets are and what their contribution to the total risk of a portfolio would be. Plenty of Mutual Funds are available where the investors can put their money. Before investing they want to know which fund gives more return, which fund is performing well, which fund is more risky etc. In this study the performance evaluation of balanced mutual funds scheme is carried out through risk adjusted performance measure by Sharpe’s, Treynor’s, Jensen’s Index which will ultimately help investors to choose the best mutual fund generating maximum return with minimum risk. Risk and return can be analyzed by finding out Average Return, Standard Deviation and Beta. The data used is monthly closing NAV recorded in the period starting from 1st April 2011 to 31st March 2012. Single year has been taken in the present times; it is tough to take any year as a normal year. The study reveals that private sector has performed better as compared to its counterpart in case of average return, standard deviation and beta. The risk-adjusted performance measures depicted poor performance of the sample schemes but public sector was preferred in this regard.

September 25, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Groshoff, Urien & Nguyen on Crowdfunding

David Groshoff, Kurtis R. Urien, and Alex Nguyen have posted Crowdfunding 6.0: Does the SEC's FinTechLaw Failure Reveal the Agency’s True Mission to Protect — Solely Accredited — Investors? on SSRN with the following abstract:

This Article builds on our prior research employing case studies — either singly or globally — to serve as the analytic to newly trending matters in law and entrepreneurship. Specifically, this Article serves as the third installment of our trilogy in FinTech law, analyzing potential consequences of the Equity Crowdfunding portion of the JOBS Act, including the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC’s) proposed regulations regarding equity crowdfunding for non-accredited investors.

This manuscript identifies that the current statutory and regulatory regime governing FinTech crowdfunding platforms is inequitable to the vast majority of the U.S. population. The manuscript then employs two case studies — one real and one hypothetical — to illustrate that the SEC’s deliberate indifference to, or astounding technological incompetence regarding, applying legal regimes to emerging technology and economic growth. These case studies evidence pain points faced by both potential investors and investees and in both the equity and debt portion of an enterprise’s capital structure.

Our thesis concludes that either the SEC is woefully classist in favor of the proverbial “Top 1%,” or the agency is sadly incompetent in understanding the needs of entrepreneurs, people with small amounts of investment capital, and congressional mandates imposed on the SEC. The manuscript proposes interpretive, administrative, and congressional alternatives that we believe better comport with the intent of the JOBS Act. Despite President Obama’s August 2014 pronouncement that the business community complains about regulation, this manuscript turns the president’s logic on its head and demonstrates that the business community and the U.S. economy have suffered because of the lack of congressionally mandated regulation by the SEC.

September 25, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Rodrigues on Corruption

Usha Rodrigues has posted The Price of Corruption on SSRN with the following abstract:

The Supreme Court recently held that campaign contributions under $5200 do not create a “cognizable risk of corruption.” It was wrong. This Essay describes a nexus of timely contributions and special-interest legislation. In the most noteworthy case, a CEO made a first-time $1000 donation to a member of Congress. The next day that representative introduced a securities bill tailored to the interests of the CEO’s firm.

Armed with this real-world account of how small-dollar campaign contributions coincided with favorable legislative action, the Essay reads McCutcheon v. Federal Election Commission with a critical eye. In McCutcheon the Supreme Court assumed that small-dollar donations do not pose a risk of corruption, and accordingly struck down aggregate contribution limits on the theory that the base limit of $5200 provides enough of a bulwark against corruption. This Essay suggests otherwise. The fact that the price of corruption is lower than commonly understood has fundamental repercussions for campaign finance law.

September 25, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

New in Print

The following law review articles relating to securities regulation are now available in paper format:

Joan MacLeod Heminway, Investor and Market Protection in the Crowdfunding Era: Disclosing to and for the "Crowd", 38 Vt. L. Rev. 827 (2014).

J. Ryan Lamare & David B. Lipsky, Employment Arbitration in the Securities Industry: Lessons Drawn from Recent Empirical Research, 35 Berkeley J. Emp. & Lab. L. 113 (2014).

Sean P. McGonigle, Note, Gabelli v. SEC: Evaluating the Discovery Rule in Financial Fraud Cases, 4 Wake Forest J.L. & Pol'y 397 (2014).

Steven McNamara, Financial Markets Uncertainty and the Rawlsian Argument for Central Counterparty Clearing of OTC Derivatives, 28 Notre Dame J.L. Ethics & Pub. Pol'y 209 (2014).

Wen, Tian. Comment. You can't sell your firm and own it too: disallowing dual-class stock companies from listing on the securities exchanges. 162 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1495-1516 (2014).

September 25, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, September 22, 2014

NASAA Appoints Advisory Council to Work With Regulators on Committee on Senior Issues and Diminished Capacity

Details available here.

September 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

IOSCO Seeks Comment on Proposed Statement on Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Details are available here.

September 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Chair White on Women on Boards of Directors

On September 16, 2014, Chair Mary Jo White develivered remarks on Completing the Journey: Women as Directors of Public Companies.  As part of the remarks, she stated, "Looking at the markers along this century-long journey to gender diversity in the boardrooms of U.S. corporations, it is clear that we have made important, measurable progress.  But it is equally clear that we still have a long way to go."

September 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

William Beatty to Lead NASAA

The North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) has selected Washington Securities Director William Beatty to serve a one-year term as president of the organization.  The press release is available here.

September 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

This Week in Securities Litigation

SEC Announces Arrival of New Administrative Law Judge

Details available here.

September 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

New in Print

The following law review articles relating to securities regulation are now available in paper format:

G. Robert Blakey & Michael Gerardi, Eliminating Overlap, or Creating a Gap? Judicial Interpretation of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and RICO, 28 Notre Dame J.L. Ethics & Pub. Pol'y 435 (2014).

Wendy Gerwick Couture, The Collision Between the First Amendment and Securities Fraud, 65 Ala. L. Rev. 903 (2014).

Gregory D. Deschler, Comment, Wisdom of the Intermediary Crowd: What the Proposed Rules Mean for Ambitious Crowdfunding Intermediaries, 58 St. Louis U. L.J. 1145 (2014).

Amy Factor, Note, Dodd-Frank's Specialized Disclosure Provisions 1502 and 1504: Small Business, Big Impact, 9 Entrepren. Bus. L.J. 89 (2014).

Adam Sulkowski & Sandra Waddock, Beyond Sustainability Reporting:  Integrated Reporting Is Practiced, Required and More Would Be Better, 10 U. St. Thomas L.J. 1060 (2013).

Jacob True, Note, What Counts as a Domestic Transaction Anymore: The Second Circuit and Other Lower Courts' Struggles in Interpreting the Supreme Court's Intent in Morrison v. National Australia Bank When Dealing with Derivative Securities Transactions, 10 Hastings Bus. L.J. 513 (2014).

Manuel A. Utset, Rational Financial Meltdowns, 10 Hastings Bus. L.J. 407 (2014).

September 22, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, September 15, 2014

New in Print

The following law review articles relating to securities regulation are now available in paper format:

Naseem Faqihi, Note, Choosing Which Rule to Break First:  An In-House Attorney Whistleblower's Choices after Discovering a Possible Federal Securities Law Violation, 82 Fordham L. Rev. 3341 (2014).

Matthew F. Ferraro, Student Article, "Groundbreaking" or Broken? An Analysis of SEC Cybersecurity Disclosure Guidance, Its Effectiveness, and Implications, 77 Alb. L. Rev. 297 (2013-2014).

Adam J. Levitin, The Politics of Financial Regulation and the Regulation of Financial Politics:  A Review Essay, 127 Harv. L. Rev. 1991 (2014).

Leo Mensah, Note, Missed Ppportunity:  Excluding Carbon Emissions Markets from Comprehensive Oversight, 38 Wm. & Mary Envtl. L. & Pol'y Rev. 795 (2014).

Matthew W. Muma, Note, Toward Greater Guidance: Reforming the Definitions of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, 112 Mich. L. Rev. 1337 (2014).

Thomas L. Short, Note, Friend This:  Why Those Damaged During the Facebook IPO Will Recover (Almost) Nothing from NASDAQ, 71 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1519 (2014).

Scott Squires, Note, Going Long on Shorts, 68 U. Miami L. Rev. 821 (2014).

Bryan Vega, Note,  A Bite from the Poisonous Apple:  How the Supreme Court Missed a Chance to Settle the Existing Tension Between the PSLRA and Rule 15(a), 68 U. Miami L. Rev. 793 (2014).

September 15, 2014 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)