Securities Law Prof Blog

Editor: Eric C. Chaffee
Univ. of Toledo College of Law

Monday, May 18, 2009

SEC and WellCare Health Plans Settle Fraud Charges

The SEC and WellCare Health Plans, Inc. ("WellCare"), a managed care services company that administers federal government-sponsored health care programs, settled charges that the company committed securities fraud. According to the Commission's complaint, from at least November 2003 to October 2007, WellCare fraudulently retained over $40 million it was required to return to Florida state agencies under programs that provided mental health services to Medicaid recipients and health care services to uninsured children. As a result, WellCare materially overstated its publicly reported net income and diluted earnings per share in periodic filings made with the Commission.

As alleged in the complaint, WellCare executed its scheme by intentionally underpaying refunds it owed to two Florida state health care entities, the Florida Agency for Health Care Administration ("AHCA"), and the Florida Healthy Kids Corporation ("Healthy Kids"). Under these contracts, WellCare received funds, or "premiums," from the state to be used to provide medical and health benefits. To ensure a proper balance between cost savings and quality health care, the state required WellCare to spend a certain percentage of the premiums on eligible medical expenses. If WellCare spent less than the minimum amounts on eligible expenses, it was required to refund some or all of the difference to the state.

According to the Commission's complaint, WellCare did not follow the state's guidelines and regulatory framework governing how the company was required to calculate the refunds under each program. Instead, the company evaded the statutory requirements and fraudulently included ineligible payments to a subsidiary and administrative expenses as legitimate medical expenses. In addition, for certain refunds, WellCare considered a range of arbitrary amounts to refund to AHCA, and then reverse-engineered a methodology to arrive at a particular refund target. WellCare also engaged in a rate-swapping scheme whereby it inflated reimbursement rates for its Healthy Kids plan in exchange for lower Medicaid and Medicare rates at two Florida hospitals. In total, through its fraudulent conduct, WellCare reduced the refunds it paid to AHCA by approximately $35 million and to Healthy Kids by approximately $6 million.

WellCare's fraudulent retention of over $40 million materially inflated its net income and earnings per share by essentially the same amounts — 14% for fiscal year ("FY") 2004, 9% for FY 2005, 13% for FY 2006, and 9% for the first quarter of FY 2007. On January 26, 2009, WellCare filed its Form 10-K for FY 2007 and restated its financial results for its FYs 2004 through 2006 and the first two quarters of FY 2007.

Without admitting or denying the allegations in the Commission's complaint, WellCare has consented to the entry of a final judgment for violations of the antifraud and reporting provisions of the federal securities laws. In addition, the company has agreed to pay $1 in disgorgement and a $10 million civil penalty. The Commission acknowledges WellCare's cooperation with its investigation.


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