Thursday, May 14, 2009
On March 13 2009 Treasury Secretary Geithner sent to Congress a proposal to regulate OTC Derivatives. The Objectives of Regulatory Reform of OTC Derivatives Markets, as set forth in that proposal, include:
- The Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) and the securities laws should be amended to require clearing of all standardized OTC derivatives through regulated central counterparties (CCP):
- CCPs must impose robust margin requirements and other necessary risk controls and ensure that customized OTC derivatives are not used solely as a means to avoid using a CCP.
- All OTC derivatives dealers and all other firms who create large exposures to counterparties should be subject to a robust regime of prudential supervision and regulation, which will include:
Conservative capital requirements
Business conduct standards
Initial margin requirements with respect to bilateral credit exposures on both standardized and customized contracts
This new framework includes:
- Amending the CEA and securities laws to authorize the CFTC and the SEC to impose:
Recordkeeping and reporting requirements (including audit trails).
Requirements for all trades not cleared by CCPs to be reported to a regulated trade repository.
CCPs and trade repositories must make aggregate data on open positions and trading volumes available to the public.
CCPs and trade repositories must make data on individual counterparty's trades and positions available to federal regulators.
The movement of standardized trades onto regulated exchanges and regulated transparent electronic trade execution systems.
The development of a system for the timely reporting of trades and prompt dissemination of prices and other trade information.
The encouragement of regulated institutions to make greater use of regulated exchange-traded derivatives.
- The Commodity Exchange Act (CEA) and securities laws should be amended to ensure that the CFTC and the SEC have:
Clear and unimpeded authority for market regulators to police fraud, market manipulation, and other market abuses.
Authority to set position limits on OTC derivatives that perform or affect a significant price discovery function with respect to futures markets.
A complete picture of market information from CCPs, trade repositories, and market participants to provide to market regulators.
- Current law seeks to protect unsophisticated parties from entering into inappropriate derivatives transactions by limiting the types of counterparties that could participate in those markets. But the limits are not sufficiently stringent.
The CFTC and SEC are reviewing the participation limits in current law to recommend how the CEA and the securities laws should be amended to tighten the limits or to impose additional disclosure requirements or standards of care with respect to the marketing of derivatives to less sophisticated counterparties such as small municipalities.