Securities Law Prof Blog

Editor: Eric C. Chaffee
Univ. of Toledo College of Law

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Friday, March 28, 2008

SEC Grants Rule 14e-5 Exemption to Loews

The SEC granted a request for a no-action position from Loews Corporation ("Loews"), to permit Loews to make open market purchases of its shares in connection with Loews' announced intention to dispose of its ownership interest of its wholly owned subsidiary Lorillard, Inc. ("Lorillard"). Pursuant to the plan, Loews will offer holders of Loews Common Stock the opportunity to exchange such shares of Loews in exchange for shares of Lorillard.  The SEC granted an exemption from Rule 14e-5 subject to a number of conditions.

March 28, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

JP Morgan Settles SEC Proceeding Relating to Activities as Trustee to National Century Financial Enterprises

The SEC settled administrative proceedings against JPMorgan Chase & Co relating to its activities as an asset-backed indenture trustee for certain special-purpose subsidiary programs (programs) of National Century Financial Enterprises, Inc. (NCFE), formerly a Dublin, Ohio healthcare financing company, during the approximate period 1999-2002.  According to the SEC's Order, JPMorgan Chase and Bank One Corporation, which merged into JPMorgan Chase in 2004, at the instruction of NCFE, made transfers between reserve accounts in the programs that contradicted NCFE's representations to investors about how the reserve accounts would be used and contravened the requirements of the indentures governing the programs. In addition, the Order finds that pursuant to NCFE's instructions, JPMorgan Chase and Bank One made month-end transfers of huge amounts of reserve account funds and that these transfers helped NCFE mask substantial and growing reserve account shortfalls. Based on the above, the Order finds that JPMorgan Chase was a cause of NCFE's violations of Section 17(a)(3) of the Securities Act, requires JPMorgan Chase to cease and desist from committing or causing any violations and any future violations of Section 17(a)(3) of the Securities Act, and orders JPMorgan Chase to pay disgorgement of $1,286,808.82 and prejudgment interest of $711,335.76. JPMorgan Chase consented to the issuance of the Order without admitting or denying any of the findings therein. In the Matter of JPMorgan Chase & Co.

March 28, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Nominations to SEC Expected

It is reported that the Bush administration will announce two nominations for the SEC, Luis Aguilar, an Atlanta lawyer, and Elisse Walter, a senior vice president at FINRA.  These two names have been mentioned many times in the past few months as possible successors to the two Democratic Commissioners who resigned -- Annette Nazareth and Raul Campos.  WSJ, Bush Set to Nominate SEC Democrats.

March 28, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Xerox Settles Accounting Fraud Charges

Xerox announced a $670 million settlement of a shareholders'  suit filed in 2000 charging it with inflating earnings.  The company will also place $125 million in reserves for potential liability for three other pending suits.  KPMG will pay $80 million to settle charges against it.  Neither admitted any wrongdoing.

In 2002 Xerox settled an SEC action involving allegations of accounting fraud during the same period and paid a $10 million penalty, which, at that time, was the largest corporate penalty ever.  In 2005 KPMG paid $22.5 million to settle SEC charges involving Xerox.  Xerox also restated five years' worth of financial statements.  NYTimes, Xerox to Pay $670 Million to Settle Securities Case; WSJ, Xerox, KPMG Settle Shareholder Suit.

March 28, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, March 27, 2008

SEC Charges Three in Ponzi Scheme

The SEC filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas against Gary L. McDuff, Gary L. Lancaster, and Robert T. Reese, for their roles in the fraudulent and unregistered offer and sale of interests in the Lancorp Financial Fund Business Trust (Lancorp Fund).  The SEC alleges that between at least March 2003 and July 2005, Reese, McDuff and Lancaster offered and sold interests in the Lancorp Fund with false promises concerning the permissible investments, the payment of commissions, and the payment of management fees. Instead, the Complaint alleges that the defendants directed the Lancorp Fund to invest over $9 million in a fraudulent, high-yield Ponzi scheme, paid McDuff and Reese over $300,000 in undisclosed commissions, and paid Lancaster a management fee well in excess of that allowed by the PPM.

Without admitting or denying the allegations set forth in the Complaint, defendants Lancaster and Reese have consented to the entry of a final judgment permanently enjoining them from engaging in securities violations Lancaster has agreed to an order finding him liable for disgorgement of $336,229, plus prejudgment interest of $56,156.39, and Reese has agreed to an order finding him liable for disgorgement of $26,792, plus prejudgment interest of $4,474.75. However, payment of those amounts will be waived, and no civil penalties imposed, based on their respective sworn statements of financial condition and other documents. The Commission's action against McDuff is continuing.

March 27, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Paulson Backs Greater Fed Oversight over Securities Industry

Treasury Secretary Paulson said that the Fed should have greater oversight over securities firms since it is now lending money to them.  He becomes the first top administration official to endorse the idea since the Fed stepped in to bail out Bear Stearns.  WSJ, Paulson Endorses New Clout For Fed Over Securities Firms.  In the face of criticism that the SEC did not act quickly enough to address Bear Stearns' problems, Christopher Cox said that the firm's troubles resulted from lack of market confidence, not liquidity.  WSJ, SEC Role Is Scrutinized In Light of Bear Woes.

March 27, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Bankruptcy Report on New Century Criticizes KPMG

A report by the bankruptcy court examiner into the collapse of New Century Financial, one of the largest subprime lenders before its bankruptcy, criticizes its auditor KPMG for enabling certain "significant improper and imprudent practices."  It also says that the auditor acquiesced to the client for fear of being replaced.  A spokesperson for KPMG stated it strongly disagreed with the findings.  NYTimes, Inquiry Assails Accounting Firm in Lender’s Fall; WSJ, KPMG Aided New Century Missteps, Report Says.

March 27, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Clear Channel Buyers Sue Banks

Bain Capital and THL Partners, the equity firms who contracted to buy Clear Channel Communications, filed suit against the six banks that backed out of financing the sale.  The plaintiffs claim that the banks, from early on, intended to back out of the deal unless it could renegotiate the terms.  NYTimes, 6 Banks Are Sued in Clear Channel Deal; WSJ, Buyout Firms Sue Lenders Over Busted Deal For Clear Channel.

March 27, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Hollinger Settles SEC Fraud Charges

The SEC settled its federal district court action against Hollinger Inc., a Canadian corporation and the controlling shareholder of Sun-Times Media Group, Inc., formerly known as Hollinger International, Inc., pending in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois.  The SEC filed its action against Hollinger Inc., Conrad M. Black, Hollinger International's former Chairman and CEO, and F. David Radler, Hollinger International's Deputy Chairman and COO, alleging that from approximately 1999 through 2003, the defendants engaged in a fraudulent and deceptive scheme to divert cash and assets from Hollinger International, Inc. ("Hollinger International"), through a series of related party transactions and also made misrepresentations regarding these transactions in Hollinger International's filings with the Commission.  Radler previously entered into a settlement with the Commission concerning the allegations against him in this case.

Hollinger Inc., without admitting or denying the allegations in the complaint, has consented to the entry of a final judgment which permanently enjoins it from federal securities violations. The Final Judgment also orders Hollinger Inc. to pay a total of $21,279,471.84 in disgorgement, representing $16,550,000 in alleged non-competition payments received by Hollinger Inc., plus prejudgment interest thereon in the amount of $4,729,471.84. The $21,279,471.84 paid to Hollinger International in satisfaction of the judgment against Hollinger, Inc. and Conrad Black in the action captioned Hollinger International, Inc. v. Black, et al., 844 A.2d 1022 (Del. Ch. C.A. No. 183-N), shall be credited dollar-for-dollar toward the disgorgement in this action. The settlement is subject to approval of U.S. District Judge William T. Hart.

March 26, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Senate Finance Committee Looks Into JPM-Bear Merger

The Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max Baucus and Sen. Charles Grassley, the panel's ranking member, said they're requesting information about the Fed's role in the JP Morgan Bear Stearns merger -- "exact details of the sale agreement, how and by whom it was negotiated, and all parties to it," and called the acquisition a "taxpayer-backed" transaction.  "With jurisdiction over federal debt, it's the Finance Committee's responsibility to pin down just how the government decided to front $30 billion in taxpayer dollars for the Bear Stearns deal, and to monitor the changing terms of the sale," said Baucus, D-Mont., in a statement. The Finance Committee made the request in a letter to Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, Federal Reserve Bank of New York CEO Timothy Geithner, Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and both of the firms' chief executives -- J.P. Morgan's Jamie Dimon and Bear's Alan Schwartz. It requests an answer by close of business day on March 28. UPDATE: Senators Seek Information On Fed's Role In Bear Stearns Deal

March 26, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Motorola Plans to Spin Off Cellphone Business

Motorola plans to spin off its unprofitable cellphone business to its shareholders, a move urged by Carl Icahn, who owns about 6% of the stock and is seeking to elect his nominees to the board.  Last week the company offered him two seats on the board if he would drop his proxy fight.  Icahn has brought suit in Delaware seeking access to corporate documents to determine if the board has breached its fiduciary duty to the shareholders.  WSJ, Motorola to Split Off Handset Unit Amid Pressure from Activist Icahn.

March 26, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Citigroup Settles Enron Creditors' Claims

Enron Creditors Recovery Corp. and Citigroup agreed to a $1.66 billion settlement of claims relating to the bank's role in the collapse of Enron.  Citigroup is the last of eleven banks to settle creditors' claims, the others having settled for nearly $1.76 billion.  The Citigroup trial was scheduled to begin next month.  In January the bank asked the bankruptcy court to dismiss the charges, and just last week it sought to transfer the case to federal district court.  WSJ, Citigroup to Pay $1.66 Billion To Settle Enron Litigation.

March 26, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Goldman Files SPAC Registration Statement

Goldman Sachs joins the crowd and filed a registration statement to underwrite a "blank check" IPO to raise $350 million for Liberty Lane Acquisition Corp.  Renamed Special Purpose Acquisition Companies, or SPACs, these companies typically have a deadline of two years to complete an acquisition with the funds raised.  This SPAC has a different structure than most; the insiders are contributing $3.5 million, in contrast to the typical 2-4%, and will receive less if the acquisition is successful -- 7.5% in contrast to other deals where the percentage may be as high as 20%.  In addition, the offered units consist of one share of common stock and  one-half a warrant, in contrast to the usual one share and one warrant per unit.  WSJ, Goldman Writes Out 'Blank Check'.

March 26, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Pension Plans Sue Bear Over JPMorgan Merger

Two pension plans have sued the Bear Stearns board in Delaware, alleging that the $10 price for Bear Stearns stock offered by JP Morgan is "grossly inadequate" and that the board breached its duty in agreeing to the price.  They seek a preliminary injunction to stop Bear from selling 95 million shares (39.5%) to JP Morgan to lock up the deal.  WSJ, Big Task: Digesting a Bear.

March 26, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, March 25, 2008

Aflac Shareholders Have "Say on Pay"

Aflac's proxy statement formally invites shareholders to vote on the company's performance-based compensation.  According to the company's press release, this is the first time shareholders at a major American public company will vote on executive compensation.  Aflac will announce the results at its May 5 shareholders meeting.

March 25, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Chamber of Commerce 2d Annual Capital Markets Summit

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce Center for Capital Markets Competitiveness will host its 2nd Annual Capital Markets Summit on Wednesday, March 26, 2008, from 9:00am to 4:30pm.  The event is scheduled to be on CNBC, and can be viewed via webcast.

Featured Speakers include:

The Honorable Henry M. Paulson, Jr., Secretary, U.S. Department of Treasury

Thomas Renyi, Executive Chairman, The Bank of New York Mellon, and Chairman, The Financial Services Roundtable

Robert Greifeld, President and Chief Executive Officer, The NASDAQ OMX Group

James Turley, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Ernst & Young

Tom Donohue, President and Chief Executive Officer, U.S. Chamber of Commerce

Linda Thomsen, Director of the Division of Enforcement, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

The Center also announced its new report: Strengthening U.S. Capital Markets: A Challenge for All Americans, also available at its website.

March 25, 2008 in Professional Announcements | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (3)

Monday, March 24, 2008

SEC Announces Next Steps in Mutual Recognition

The SEC announced a series of actions it intends to take to further the implementation of the concept of mutual recognition for high-quality regulatory regimes in other countries.

The Commission contemplates taking the following actions:

Exploring initial agreements with one or more foreign regulatory counterparts, which would be based upon a comparability assessment by the SEC and by the foreign authority of one another's regulatory regimes.
 
Considering adoption of a formal process for engaging other national regulators on the subject of mutual recognition. This process could be accomplished through rulemaking or other appropriate mechanisms, possibly informed by one or more initial agreements with other regulators.
 
Developing a framework for mutual recognition discussions with jurisdictions comprising multiple securities regulators tied together by a common legal framework, including Canada (which has no national securities regulator, but rather provincial regulators) and the European Union (whose national securities regulators are subject to supranational legislation and directives).
 
Proposing reforms to Rule 15a-6 in order to improve the process by which U.S. investors have access to foreign broker-dealers.

March 24, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SEC Settles Fraud Charges with Biovail

The SEC charged Canadian pharmaceutical company Biovail Corporation and its former CEO, former CFO, and two current senior executives with engaging in a number of fraudulent accounting schemes and making a series of misstatements to analysts and investors.  The SEC's complaint alleges that present and former senior Biovail executives, obsessed with meeting quarterly and annual earnings guidance, repeatedly overstated earnings and hid losses in order to deceive investors and create the appearance of achieving earnings goals. When it ultimately became impossible to continue concealing the company's inability to meet its own earnings guidance, Biovail actively misled investors and analysts about the reasons for the company's poor performance.  Biovail settled the SEC's charges and will pay a $10 million penalty. Four current or former Biovail senior executives still face SEC charges: former chairman and CEO Eugene Melnyk; former CFO Brian Crombie; current controller John Miszuk; and current CFO Kenneth G. Howling.

March 24, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

FINRA Disciplines CEO of Investprivate

A FINRA Hearing Panel issued a decision that imposed a 90-day suspension, a concurrent 10-day suspension, and a $12,500 fine against Scott Mathis, Chairman and CEO of New York's Investprivate, Inc. (now known as DPEC Capital, Inc.), for failing to disclose tax liens and two customer complaints on his Form U4s. Mathis and Investprivate were originally charged by FINRA with securities fraud, but those charges were later withdrawn.  The hearing panel decision addressed the last outstanding charges brought by NASD (FINRA's predecessor) in 2004 against Mathis. FINRA's Enforcement Department previously settled several other charges from that 2004 action against Investprivate; Mathis; Donald Geraghty, the firm's Director of Compliance; and Ronald Robbins, Executive Vice President of Investprivate's parent company, Diversified Biotech Holdings Corporation.

March 24, 2008 in Other Regulatory Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

JPMorgan and Bear Amend Merger; Bear Shareholders Get More Value

JPMorgan Chase and Bear Stearns announced amendments to the merger and guaranty agreements, which are available at the Bear Stearns website.  The shares of Bear Stearns are now valued at $10 for purposes of the share exchange into JPM shares.  In addition, JPM will purchase 95 million newly issued Bear shares at that price, which will give it 39.5% ownership of the company.  While the rules of the New York Stock Exchange generally require shareholder approval prior to the issuance of securities that are convertible into more than 20% of the outstanding shares of a listed company, the NYSE's Shareholder Approval Policy provides an exception in cases where the delay involved in securing shareholder approval for the issuance would seriously jeopardize the financial viability of the listed company. The joint press release states that "In accordance with the NYSE rule providing that exception, the Audit Committee of Bear Stearns' Board of Directors has expressly approved, and the full Board of Directors has unanimously concurred with, Bear Stearns' intended use of the exception."

In addition, the JPM guaranty has been significantly expanded and clarified, and there is a Q&A at the Bear website explaining how it works.  Finally, the Fed's $30 billion special financing was amended so that JPM will bear the first $1 billion of losses associated with the Bear assets being financed and the Fed will bear the remaining $29 billion.

March 24, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)