Securities Law Prof Blog

Editor: Eric C. Chaffee
Univ. of Toledo College of Law

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Wednesday, April 30, 2008

SEC Settles Earnings Management Charges Against Former Nortel VPs

The SEC announced that Craig A. Johnson, James B. Kinney and Kenneth R.W. Taylor — who were the vice presidents of finance for the Wireline, Wireless, and Enterprise business units of Nortel Networks Corporation (“Nortel”), respectively — agreed to settle the Commission’s charges against them arising from their alleged involvement in Nortel’s earnings management fraud during 2002 and 2003. Each has consented, without admitting or denying the Commission’s allegations against them, to the entry of a final judgment in the Commission’s pending litigation.  The final judgments order each individual to pay a $75,000 civil penalty and to pay disgorgement in the amount of $66,845 (Johnson) and $52,000 (each for Kinney and Taylor), along with prejudgment interest in the amount of $21,186 (Johnson) and $16,481 (each for Kinney and Taylor). The final judgments also bar each individual from acting as an officer or director of any public company for five years and permanently enjoin each individual from federal securities law violations.

April 30, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

FINRA Issues Notice on Partial Redemptions of Auction Rate Securities

FINRA issued a Notice to Members regarding partial redemptions of auction rate securities.  In response to current market conditions, some issuers are offering partial redemptions of auction rate securities. This Notice reminds firms that when allocating partial redemptions of auction rate securities among their customers, they must adopt procedures that are reasonably designed to treat customers fairly and impartially, and must put their customers’ interests ahead of their own.

April 30, 2008 in Other Regulatory Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

AFD $5 Million Fine for Directed Brokerage Upheld on Appeal

A $5 million fine imposed against American Fund Distributors (AFD) for directed brokerage in 2006 will stand, according to a ruling issued today by the National Adjudicatory Council (NAC), the appeals body of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA).  The NAC upheld a FINRA Hearing Panel decision finding that AFD violated FINRA's Anti-Reciprocal Rule when it directed more than $98 million in brokerage commissions between 2001 and 2003 to the 46 retail securities firms that were the top sellers of its mutual funds.

AFD is the principal underwriter and distributor of American Funds, a family of 29 mutual funds. In ruling on AFD's appeal of the Hearing Panel decision, the NAC concluded that AFD arranged for the direction of a specific amount or percentage of brokerage commissions to other securities firms conditioned upon those firms' sales of American Funds shares, an "outright" violation of FINRA's Anti-Reciprocal Rule.  The NAC also concluded that AFD's requests and arrangements for the direction of brokerage, conditioned upon sales, was directly at odds with the goal of the Anti-Reciprocal Rule, which is "to curb conflicts of interest that might cause retail firms to recommend investment company shares based upon the receipt of commissions from that investment company."

In the decision released today, the NAC emphasized that AFD tracked, monitored, and facilitated the directed brokerage payments by identifying the top-selling retail firms of American Funds, providing its investment adviser with the amount of commissions to be sent, and monitoring its investment adviser's trading with, and the payment of commissions to, the selected retail firms throughout the year. The NAC also highlighted the fact that AFD directed commissions to "step-out firms" - retail firms that had no capability to execute portfolio trades for American Funds, but nevertheless obtained commissions indirectly from clearing firms that did execute the trades.  The NAC also found that AFD's conduct was intentional.  The NAC concluded that AFD's violations, while "not egregious, were quite serious" and that a "substantial" fine of $5 million was appropriate based on the facts and circumstances of the case.

April 30, 2008 in Other Regulatory Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SEC Charges Birmingham Mayor with Municipal Bond Fraud

The SEC filed a civil action today against Birmingham Mayor Larry Langford, William Blount, and Albert LaPierre, alleging that while Langford served as president of the County Commission of Jefferson County, Alabama (County Commission), he accepted more than $156,000 in undisclosed cash and benefits over the course of two years from Blount, the chairman of Blount Parrish & Co, Inc. Blount Parrish is a broker-dealer based in Montgomery, Alabama.  According to the SEC's complaint, Langford selected Blount Parrish to participate in every Jefferson County municipal bond offering and security-based swap agreement transaction during 2003 and 2004, earning Blount Parrish over $6.7 million in fees. Moreover, the SEC alleges, Langford and Blount concealed the payment scheme by using their long-time friend, LaPierre, an Alabama registered political lobbyist, as a conduit. The case is the SEC's first enforcement action involving security-based swap agreements.

April 30, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SEC Charges Two Former Monster Worldwide Officers with Backdating

The SEC today charged two former senior executives at Monster Worldwide, Inc., for their alleged participation in a multi-year scheme to secretly backdate stock options granted to thousands of Monster officers, directors and employees.  The SEC alleges that Monster's former president and chief operating officer James J. Treacy and former controller Anthony Bonica participated in a scheme that began in 1997 to fraudulently backdate stock options to coincide with the dates of low closing prices for the New York-based company's common stock.  As a result of their conduct, Monster misrepresented that all stock options were granted at the fair market value of the stock on the date of the award and also filed materially misstated financial statements in its Forms 10-K and 10-Q that did not recognize compensation expense for the company's stock option grants.  As a result, Monster overstated its aggregate pre-tax operating income by approximately $339.5 million for fiscal years 1997 through 2005.

The SEC's complaint further alleges that Treacy and Bonica personally benefited from the fraudulent scheme by receiving and exercising backdated grants of in-the-money options.  The Commission is seeking permanent injunctive relief, disgorgement of ill-gotten gains and financial penalties from each defendant, as well as an officer and director bar against Treacy.

April 30, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Report Calls for Eliminating Price Discrepancies

The Security Traders Association will release a report calling on the NYSE and Nasdaq to work on "an appropriate and coordinated opening process" to eliminate growing price discrepancies in stocks at the opening of trading.  "Divergent prices confuse investors," explained John Giesea, president of the group.  WSJ, NYSE, Nasdaq Urged To Cut Price Divergence.

April 30, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Countrywide Announces Another Big Loss

Countrywide Financial announced a $893 million loss in the first quarter ($1.60 per share) because of rising loan defaults.  The Wall St. Journal reports that a federal investigation has uncovered evidence that Countrywide sales executives falsified income figures for many borrowers, particularly in the Fast and Easy mortgage program, where borrowers did not have to provide documentation of their income.  NYTimes, Countrywide Says It Lost $893 Million in Quarter; WSJ, Countrywide Loss Focuses Attention on Underwriting.

April 30, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Citigroup Issues $3 Billion in New Stock

Citigroup will sell $3 billion in common shares this week to increase its capital and help protect its dividend.  This will make $39 billion Citigroup has raised since November.  NYTimes, Citigroup to Sell $3 Billion in Stock.

April 30, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Freddie Mac's Compensation Committee Cites Accomplishments in Awarding CEO Compensation

Freddie Mac lost $3.1 billion in 2007, its first annual loss, and its regulator Ofheo reported to Congress that the company remains "a significant regulatory concern."  Yet the company's compensation committee cited management's "notable accomplishments" in the annual report and disclosed total compensation to the chairman and CEO Richard Syron of over $13 million.  His $2.2 million performance-based cash bonus, though, was only 66% of his target amount since, a spokesperson explained, Freddie Mac's financial performance was "not good."  WPost, Freddie Mac Differs With Regulator on 2007 Results.

April 30, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, April 29, 2008

FINRA Proposes Amendments to Options Communications Rule

The SEC has released for public comment FINRA's proposed amendment of NASD Rule 2220 (Options Communications with the Public), which FINRA says is being revised to better address current needs for regulating options communications practices and promote consistency across the options communications rules of other self-regulatory organizations ("SROs").  FINRA explains that it, along with other SROs, have sought to modernize their rules concerning options communications with the public. One of the goals of this rule modernization is to make the rules on options communications consistent with the general rules on communications with the public. To this end, FINRA proposes to: (1) use, to the extent appropriate, the same terminology and definitions as in its general communications rules; (2) make the requirements for principal review of correspondence concerning options the same as for correspondence generally; and (3) update the standards on the content of communications that precede the delivery of the options disclosure document ("ODD").

April 29, 2008 in Other Regulatory Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SEC Settles Insider Trading Charges Against Bank Director and Son

The SEC settled an insider trading action against Charles R. Norton, a former director of Community Bancorp, and his son, Chad R. Norton, who traded in Valley Bancorp stock shortly before the June 28, 2006 announcement of Valley Bancorp's acquisition by Community Bancorp.  The SEC alleged that Charles and Chad Norton traded on the basis of confidential information about Community Bancorp's imminent acquisition of Valley Bancorp. Charles Norton sat on the board of directors of Community Bancorp and had access to sensitive information about the acquisition through his attendance at Community Bancorp board meetings. The complaint alleges that Charles Norton tipped Chad Norton, who traded ahead of the announcement. Charles and Chad Norton realized illegal profits of $35,064.71 from the trades.

To settle the SEC's charges, Charles and Chad Norton have consented, without admitting or denying the allegations in the complaint, to a final judgment permanently enjoining them from future violations, to pay $38,433.72, representing the disgorgement of their illegal trading profits and prejudgment interest, and each to pay a civil penalty of $35,064.71. In addition, Charles Norton will be barred from serving as an officer or director of a public company for five years. The settlement is subject to approval by the court.

April 29, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SEC's Corporation Finance Recommends Changes to Cross-Border Tender Offer Rules

The SEC's Division of Corporation Finance said today that it has completed its review of the Commission's cross-border tender, exchange offer and business combination rules, and has prepared recommendations for consideration by the Commission.  The cross-border tender offer rules apply to offers for the securities of foreign companies that have U.S. security holders.

Director of Corporation Finance John White said that the goal of the review was to determine whether changes could be made that would facilitate the ability of U.S. investors to exercise their rights in connection with cross-border mergers and acquisitions. This review included looking at areas of conflict and inconsistency with foreign regulations and practice that are frequently encountered in cross-border business combinations and that result in U.S. investors being excluded from these transactions.

April 29, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack (1)

Two Views on SEC Reform

The New York Times today has two pieces relevant to the question of market reform.  First, an Op-Ed piece, "Muzzling the Watchdog," by three former SEC Chairs, Arthur Levitt, William Donaldson, and David Ruder, warns against a regulatory approach that would turn the SEC, in its words, "from a market referee into an industry coach -- a regulator that is heavy on forgiveness and light on punishment."  It calls for a thorough study of the causes of the current market crisis.  Perhaps predictably, the piece concludes by saying that the problem with the SEC today is lack of adequate funding to allow the agency to perform its job as law enforcement agency and investors' advocate.

Andrew Ross Sorkin's column, Junk Bonds, Mortgages and Milken, is a response to recent assertions that Michael Milken, and specifically the creation of junk bonds, is to blame for the recent credit crisis.  While I agree that blaming Milken is classic passing-the-buck, what caught my attention are the following two sentences:

Toward the end of every bubble, people misuse the financial tools at their disposal, and then a witch hunt begins for the villain. Then, of course, the regulators jump in and try to fix things — and often go a bit overboard. (emphasis added)

Huh?  In fact, the response to this crisis, to date, has been quite the opposite.  Treasury Secretary Paulson's Blueprint, as the former SEC Chairs point out, is more deregulatory than otherwise, and even if anyone in this current administration thought beefing up the SEC's budget was a good idea, it's hard to see where the money would come from.  Moreover, despite the inspirational words from the former SEC Chairs, the current SEC seems, to this outside observer, to lack the energy and the will to be a true Investors' Advocate.

April 29, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Circuit City Investors Urge Sale

Two large Circuit City shareholders have called upon the company to allow Blockbuster to conduct due diligence.  To date Circuit City has refused, saying that it did not believe that Blockbuster had the finances for the deal.  HBK Investments, a hedge fund that is a large investor in both companies, says that Circuit City should conduct an auction for its sale.  WSJ, Circuit City Gets Pressure From Big Investor for a Deal.

April 29, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Mars and Wrigley Agree to Join Candy and Gum Businesses

Mars' acquisition of Wrigley for $23 billion cash($80 per share, or a 28% premium)will create a huge privately owned company with many of the iconic brands in the candy and gum business (along with pet food and Uncle Ben's rice).  While the deal surprised Wall St., Mars reportedly had its eye on Wrigley for some time.  Wrigley has been a public company since 1923; the Wrigley family controls two-thirds of the supervoting shares, although Bill Jr. is the only family member active in the business.  Warren Buffett's Berkskhire Hathaway is providing $4.4 billion in loans to finance the deal.  The Wall St. Journal has a complete history of both companies.  WSJ, Mars's Takeover of Wrigley Creates Global Powerhouse; NYTimes, Mars Offers $23 Billion Cash for Wrigley.

April 29, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Monday, April 28, 2008

SEC Settles Insider Trading Charges Involving Laserscope

The SEC settled insider trading claims against Edward O. Boshell, an outside disinterested director of a Dallas-based business development company (BDC), and Donald J. Pochopien, a shareholder of a Chicago-based law firm. The SEC alleged that Boshell and Pochopien engaged in unlawful insider trading in the securities of Laserscope in advance of a public announcement on June 5, 2006 that Laserscope would be acquired by American Medical Systems Holding, Inc. (American Medical).  The SEC alleges that Boshell was made aware of the acquisition during a routine board meeting of the Dallas-based BDC approximately a month before the public announcement. The Commission alleges that Pochopien was made aware of the acquisition approximately a month before the public announcement when his law firm was hired by American Medical to conduct a due diligence review of the Laserscope acquisition.

April 28, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SEC Drops Whole Foods Blogging Investigation

Whole Foods Market said that the SEC ended its probe into blog postings by CEO John Mackey without recommending any action.  Last July Mackey's postings, some of which denigrated its merger partner Wild Oats, under an assumed name received a great deal of attention.  A special committee of the Whole Foods board conducted an investigation last fall and affirmed its support for management.  CFO.com, Whole Foods "Blogging" Probe Dropped by SEC.

April 28, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

SEC's Enforcement Director Speaks on Lawyers' Liability and FCPA

Linda Chatman Thomsen, Director, Division of Enforcement, SEC, spoke before the Minority Corporate Counsel 2008 CLE Expo, in Chicago, Illinois, on March 27, 2008, on lawyers' liability in general and in particular with respect to the FCPA.

April 28, 2008 in SEC Action | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tracinda Bids for 20 Million Ford Shares

Kirk Kerkorian's Tracinda bid $8.50 for up to 20 million shares of Ford, a 13% premium over its closing price on Friday.  The shares represent about 1% of Ford's outstanding.  Tracinda currently owns about 4.7%.  Nasdaq, Tracinda Bids $8.50 A Share For 20 Million Ford Shares.

April 28, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Fiorina A Possible Republican VP Candidate?

Carly Fiorina, the former "rock-star" Hewlett-Packard CEO, now Victory Chairman of John McCain's campaign, is being mentioned as a possible VP candidate.  WSJ, Ex-CEO Fiorina Seems Comfortable Following McCain's Lead.

April 28, 2008 in News Stories | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)