Securities Law Prof Blog

Editor: Eric C. Chaffee
Univ. of Toledo College of Law

Wednesday, February 21, 2007

Raymond James Fined $2.75 million for Inadequate Supervision

NASD fined Raymond James Financial Services, Inc. (RJFS) of St. Petersburg, FL, $2.75 million for failing to maintain an adequate supervisory system to oversee the sales activities of over 1,000 producing branch managers working in offices throughout the United States.

"RJFS's supervisory system was inadequate because it allowed producing branch managers to supervise themselves, said James S. Shorris, NASD's Executive Vice President and Head of Enforcement. "This flawed supervisory system created a situation where the unsuitable sales of variable annuities and risky mutual funds to elderly and risk-averse customers went undetected."

From early 2000 through September 2004, RJFS employed over 1,100 producing registered principals, or branch managers, most of whom worked in small, geographically dispersed offices. These branch managers were allowed to act as the primary supervisors of their own business activities. They approved their own transactions, opened and accepted new accounts, and reviewed their own correspondence. The firm relied on an electronic transaction surveillance system maintained by RJFS's Compliance Department, and a series of exception reports, to flag transactions that required further review. It also assigned supervisory responsibility for these 1,100 branch managers to three sales managers. The activities commonly associated with daily supervision, however, were conducted by the branch managers, who in many cases, in effect, supervised themselves. By permitting these principals to engage in self-supervision, RJFS's supervisory system was not reasonably designed to achieve compliance with securities rules and regulations.

One such producing manager was Donna Vogt, whose sales practice violations went undetected for approximately four years. Vogt was the branch manager and the only registered person working in her office in Wisconsin. She maintained hundreds of customer accounts and sold mainly mutual funds and variable annuities. Many of her customers were of retirement age or older. NASD found that, in determining which products to recommend, Vogt treated her customers as a homogeneous group, regardless of age, financial status, investment experience and objectives. Of her approximately 700 accounts, more than 90 percent listed their primary investment objective as "growth" and risk tolerance as "medium." RJFS never questioned the fact that Vogt listed these objectives and strategies for almost all of her customers. In fact, the person who reviewed and accepted the customer account documents was Vogt herself.

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I am so confused. This is not the Vogt I have done business with for 20 years! In looking back at my paperwork, she actually was disclosing risks back in 1995, way before the downs of the market and in early 01 she was pounding the table warning of market risks. I don't think she took retired clients, she was only interested in growth clients and I know she often turned people away including one of my "over 60" friends!

Posted by: Dana Avis | Sep 25, 2007 7:43:21 AM

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