Reproductive Rights Prof Blog

Editor: Caitlin E. Borgmann
CUNY School of Law

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Saturday, March 1, 2014

Study Finds that Men's "Biological Clock" Means Higher Risk of Mental Illness in Children Born to Older Fathers

The New York Times:  Mental Illness Risk Higher for Children of Older Fathers, Study Finds, by Benedict Carey:

Children born to middle-aged men are more likely than those born to younger fathers to develop any of a range of mental difficulties, including attention deficits, bipolar disorder, autism and schizophrenia, according to the most comprehensive study to date of paternal age and offspring mental health. . . . 

. . . Men have a biological clock of sorts because of random mutations in sperm over time, the report suggests, and the risks associated with later fatherhood may be higher than previously thought. The findings were published on Wednesday in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. . . . 

March 1, 2014 in Fertility, Medical News, Men and Reproduction | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Study Verifies Reliability of DNA Test for Fetal Genetic Disorders

The Los Angeles Times: Study calls DNA test reliable in discovering fetal disorders, by Monte Morin:

The screening more accurately identifies likely cases of genetic disorders caused by extra chromosomes, like Down syndrome, in a study of low-risk pregnant women.

It's billed as a faster, safer and more accurate way of screening expectant mothers for fetal abnormalities like Down syndrome, and proponents say it has already become the standard for prenatal care.

But as a handful of California companies market their DNA-testing services to a growing number of pregnant women, some experts complain that the tests have not been proven effective in the kind of rigorous clinical trials that are required of new drugs.

Now, a study published Wednesday by the prestigious New England Journal of Medicine has verified that one of the tests can identify likely cases of Down syndrome and other genetic disorders caused by extra chromosomes in low-risk women with greater reliability than traditional noninvasive screening methods. . . .

March 1, 2014 in Bioethics, Medical News, Pregnancy & Childbirth | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Saturday, February 1, 2014

ACOG Reverses Ban on Treating Men

The New York Times: Responding to Critics, Gynecology Board Reverses Ban on Treating Male Patients, by Denise Grady:

After months of protest from doctors and patients, a professional group that certifies obstetrician-gynecologists has lifted a ban it imposed in September and now says its members are free to treat men.

The decision, announced Thursday by theAmerican Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, was a reversal of its September directive, and followed partial concessions the group had made in November and December in an effort to mollify critics. . . .

February 1, 2014 in Medical News, Men, Misc. | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Saturday, January 25, 2014

European Agency To Review Effectiveness of Emergency Contraceptives for Overweight Women

TIME: Effectiveness of Emergency Contraception for Overweight Women Reviewed in Europe, by Alexandra Sifferlin:

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) — the European version of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) — launched a broad review of whether body weight influences the ability of emergency contraceptives to prevent unintended pregnancies.

The agency recently required makers of the European version of Plan B, called Norlevo, to add an alert that the product may be less effective for overweight women. . . .

 

January 25, 2014 in Contraception, International, Medical News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

Women on Birth Control Pills More Likely To Be Diagnosed With Glaucoma, Study Finds

NPR: Using Birth Control Pills May Increase Women's Glaucoma Risk, by Nancy Chute:

Taking birth control pills may increase a woman's risk of eye disease later in life, a study finds, because they may reduce protective levels of estrogen. . . .

In this study, researchers looked at data on 3,406 women over 40 who participated in a bignational health survey administered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The women who had taken oral contraceptives for more than three years were more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with glaucoma.

But the absolute risk of getting glaucoma after age 40 is small, about 1.86 percent, according to the CDC. So doubling that risk would bring it up to a bit under 4 percent.

And there's no proof that taking birth control pills, which contain hormones that keep estrogen levels from peaking midway through a woman's monthly cycle, cause the apparent increased risk. . . .

November 19, 2013 in Contraception, Medical News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, July 31, 2013

HPV Vaccination Rate Among Teenage Girls Remains Low

The New York Times: HPV Vaccine Not Reaching Enough Girls, C.D.C. Says, by Sabrina Tavernise:

The very low vaccination rate for teenage girls against the human papillomavirus — the most common sexually transmitted infection and a principal cause of cervical cancer — did not improve at all from 2011 to 2012, and health officials on Thursday said a survey found that doctors were often failing to bring it up or recommend it when girls came in for other reasons. . . .

July 31, 2013 in Medical News, Reproductive Health & Safety, Sexually Transmitted Disease, Teenagers and Children | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

FDA Grants Exclusive Rights to Maker of Plan B One-Step

FDAThe Boston Globe: Plan B One-Step gets exclusive rights, by Deborah Kotz:

The US Food and Drug Administration decided late Monday night to grant exclusive rights to Teva Pharmaceuticals to put its brand name form of emergency contraception on drugstore shelves without any age restrictions for the next three years. Plan B One-Step, Teva’s product, has started to appear in some drugstores this week on shelves next to spermicides and pregnancy tests. . . .

July 23, 2013 in Contraception, Medical News, President/Executive Branch, Teenagers and Children | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, May 1, 2013

FDA Announces It Will Make Plan B Available OTC to Women 15 and Older

The Hill - Healthwatch Blog: FDA approves 'morning-after pill' for women 15 and up, by Sam Baker:

The Food and Drug Administration said Tuesday that the contraceptive known as Plan B should be available without a prescription for all women 15 and older.

The move is sure to stir controversy among social conservatives, some of whom view Plan B as a form of abortion. Unlike other forms of birth control, Plan B is intended for use after sex, rather than before. . . .

The Hill - Healthwatch Blog:  FDA pressed to go further on Plan B, by Sam Baker:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is under pressure from political activists — and some doctors — to remove all age restrictions on the over-the-counter sale of Plan B.

The FDA made waves Tuesday by allowing the sale of Plan B without a prescription to women 15 and older. Its previous policy had restricted the drug to patients 17 and older.

Women's-health advocates said the move from 17 to 15 was a good first step, but doesn't go far enough. . . .

RH Reality Check:  Administration Again Fails on Over-the-Counter Emergency Contraception, by Jodi Jacobson:

Today, in a proposal that can best be described as adding insult to injury, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved making emergency contraception (EC) available over-the-counter for teens and women ages 15 and up. This convoluted proposal from the Obama administration comes despite a court order in early April by U.S. District Court Judge Edward R. Korman to make EC available over-the-counter to all ages within 30 days of his decision. It comes from an administration which pledged to make science the cornerstone of public policy and instead has consistently flouted a wealth of accumulated evidence on emergency contraception. It also comes after several studies showing that current policy requiring prescriptions for some groups and not others has confused so many pharmacists that access to EC has been denied to many who were in fact legally eligible to obtain it quickly. In practice, the new policy will almost certainly perpetuate, not resolve, that confusion. . . . 

The Nation:  Hey, FDA:  Drop the Plan B Restriction, by Jessica Valenti:

Yesterday, the FDA announced that it will make Plan B—also known as emergency contraception (EC) or the morning after pill—available over the counter to women older than 15 years old who can prove their age. This decision comes less than a week before the end of a thirty-day deadline imposed by a federal judge mandating EC be available without a prescription to women of all ages. So despite the FDA’s announcement, the Obama administration still needs to appeal the judge’s decision or request a stay by Monday. . . .

May 1, 2013 in Contraception, Medical News, President/Executive Branch, Teenagers and Children | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

Studies Confirm Emergency Contraception Does Not Cause Abortion

NPR:  Morning-After Pills Don't Cause Abortion, Studies Say, by Julie Rovner:

The most heated part of the fight between the Obama administration and religious groups over new rules that require most health plans to cover contraception actually has nothing to do with birth control. It has to do with abortion.

Specifically, do emergency contraceptives interfere with a fertilized egg and cause what some consider to be abortion? . . .

February 27, 2013 in Abortion, Contraception, Medical News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Saturday, February 16, 2013

Restrictions on Telemedical Abortions: Five Facts to Remember

ThinkProgress:  Five Facts to Remember as Anti-Choice Activists Launch Attack Against 'Webcam Abortions', by Tara Culp-Ressler:

Abortion opponents have rushed to introduce a slew of new abortion restrictions in the 2013 legislative session, attacking reproductive rights from all angles. But it’s not just about restricting access to existing medical procedures. Anti-choice activists are also looking ahead to the future, attempting to prevent medical technology from advancing to better accommodate women’s reproductive care. . . .

February 16, 2013 in Abortion, Abortion Bans, Medical News, Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers (TRAP) | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Sunday, January 27, 2013

Medical Groups Encourage Screening for Reproductive Coercion

Medical News Today:  Reproductive Coercion Common in Abusive Relationships, by Kelly Fitzgerald:

Adolescent girls and women should now be screened for reproductive coercion, a form of abuse that occurs when male partners sabotage their contraception intentionally.

This form of abuse, known as reproductive coercion, can manifest in several ways, such as deliberately giving a partner a sexually transmitted disease (STIs), forcing a partner to have an undesired abortion or pregnancy, or seizing control of a woman's contraceptive pills. . . .

January 27, 2013 in Abortion, Contraception, Medical News, Men and Reproduction, Reproductive Health & Safety, Sexually Transmitted Disease | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, December 28, 2012

Stem Cell Research Produces Small But Steady Gains

Stem cellThe Atlantic: 2013: Year of the Stem Cell, by Lindsay Abrams:

Researchers have already safely injected stem cells into patients with neurodegenerative diseases and spinal cord injuries -- and they've seen the potential to vastly improve lives.

. . . In 1998, when human embryonic stem cells were first isolated, we anticipated a "rush of medical advances," as The New York Times put it. That promise -- along with all of the ensuing controversy -- is still alive, has already become reality in select cases -- for example, with bone marrow transplantations -- and still has plans to live up to all of the expectations that have been set for it.

"The question now," the Times wrote then, "is what use can be made of the potentially awesome power to rejuvenate human cells." After 15 years, there are a lot of people waiting for a miracle, for the day cell-based therapy gives back what's been taken from them.

December 28, 2012 in Medical News, Science, Stem Cell Research | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, November 29, 2012

OB-GYNs Announce Support for Sale of Oral Contraceptives Over the Counter

Slate: OB-GYNs Back Over-the-Counter Birth Control, but Hurdles Remain, by Abby Ohlheiser:

The nation's largest group of obstetricians and gynecologists announced yesterday that oral contraceptives are safe to sell without a prescription, a huge boon for advocates of increasing contraceptive accessibility. . . . 

November 29, 2012 in Contraception, Medical News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

American Academy of Pediatrics Supports Increased Access to Plan B for Teens

Feminist Majority Foundation - Feminist Daily News:  AAP Advocates Plan B Access for Teens:

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released new policy guidelines today in support of increasing access to emergency contraception among teenage girls. 

Currently young women under the age of 17 must have a prescription in order to get emergency contraception such as Plan B. This restricts access to young women and girls who can't get a prescription after unprotected sex in time to use emergency contraception effectively or are afraid that a doctor will tell their parents. The new AAP policy encourages that pediatricians write a prescription for young women of reproductive age in advance of any sexual activity, along with educating pediatricians about various emergency contraceptive methods including "off-label" combinations of oral contraceptives. . . .

November 29, 2012 in Contraception, Medical News, Teenagers and Children | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, October 30, 2012

Serious Birth Complications on the Rise for U.S. Women

Reuters: Serious birth complications rising in the U.S., by Amy Norton:

Between 1998 and 2009, the rate of serious complications like heart attack, stroke, severe bleeding and kidney failure during or after childbirth roughly doubled among U.S. women, according to researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). . . .

October 30, 2012 in Medical News, Pregnancy & Childbirth, Reproductive Health & Safety | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Sunday, September 23, 2012

Study Shows More than 2 in 5 U.S. Women Don't Use Contraception

The Huffington Post: Birth Control Study: Over 2 In 5 Women In The United States Don't Use Contraception, by Emma Gray:

Despite the availability of contraception, over two in five women in the United States forgo any form of protection during sex, says a new survey, possibly because they misjudge how likely they are to get pregnant.

The Contraception in America study, conducted by medical communications company Strategic Pharma Solutions and sponsored by pharmaceutical company Teva Women's Health, looked at 1,000 women between the ages of 18 and 49, and also surveyed 100 OB-GYNs and 101 primary care physicians who treat women, reported ScienceDaily. . . .

September 23, 2012 in Contraception, Medical News | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Saturday, September 22, 2012

ACOG Recommends IUDs and Implants as Best Contraceptive Methods for Teen Girls

WebMD: Which Birth Control Methods Are Best for Teens?, by Daniel J. DeNoon:

Sexually active teen girls' best bet for birth controlis either an IUD or a birth-control implant, say new guidelines from a leading doctors' group.

More than 40% of teens are sexually active. Nearly all of them use some kind of birth control. But fewer than 1 in 20 uses the most effective contraceptives. . . .

September 22, 2012 in Contraception, Medical News, Teenagers and Children | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, August 24, 2012

Anti-Choice Doctor Promotes Myths About Rape and Pregnancy

CNN - Anderson Cooper 360: Akin's claims called 'utter hogwash':

Doctors are debunking Rep. Todd Akin's misinformation on rape and pregnancy.  Anderson Cooper talks to Dr. David Grimes about those claims and his reaction to Dr. Wilke's false information they are based upon.

See the video here.


August 24, 2012 in Anti-Choice Movement, Medical News, Pregnancy & Childbirth, Sexual Assault | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, August 23, 2012

Experimental Cancer Drug Shows Promise as Male Oral Contraceptive

CBS News – Healthpop.com: Experimental cancer drug makes mice infertile without side effects, scientists claim male birth control discovery, by Ryan Jaslow:

Image1 (CBS News) A male birth control pill advanced one step closer to reality, a team of cancer and fertility researchers announced Thursday after their latest discovery. . . .

August 23, 2012 in Contraception, Medical News, Men and Reproduction | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Friday, August 3, 2012

Women of Color in U.S. More Likely Than White Women To Die In Childbirth

Reuters: More minority women die in childbirth, by Genevra Pittman:

Minority women in the United States are more likely to die during or soon after childbirth than white women, according to a new study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Black, Hispanic and Asian women - and a handful of white women not born in the U.S. - accounted for 41 percent of all births nationwide between 1993 and 2006, but for 62 percent of pregnancy-related deaths, researchers found. . . .

August 3, 2012 in Medical News, Pregnancy & Childbirth, Race & Reproduction | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)