June 6, 2008
Article of Interest (and conference announcement): Poverty and Violent Conflict
Violent conflicts are a substantial barrier to economic development. Almost one third of the world's population lives in conflict-affected low income countries. Yet little is known about the effects of conflict on household behaviour, household welfare and poverty. The Households in Conflict Network (HiCN) brings together researchers interested in the micro level analysis of the relationship between violent conflict and household welfare.
One paper from their website that gives a taste of the network's work is: Patricia Justino, "Poverty and Violent Conflict: A Micro-Level Perspective on the Causes and Duration of Welfare," HiCN Working Paper 46, May 2008. Abstract:
This paper argues that endogenous mechanisms linking processes of violent conflict and household poverty provide valuable micro foundations to the ongoing debate on the causes and duration of armed conflicts. Household poverty affects the onset, sustainability and duration of violent conflict due to the direct and indirect effects of violence on the economic behaviour and decisions of households in conflict areas. These effects lead to the emergence of symbiotic relationships between armed groups and households living in areas they control that may sustain the conflict for a long time. The strength of this relationship is a function of two interdependent variables, namely household vulnerability to poverty and household vulnerability to violence.
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