Friday, July 24, 2009

Open Constitution Institute Targeted By Chinese Government

The Open Constitution Initiative (OCI), also known by the Chinese abreviation Gongmeng, is an independent legal research group that, until last week, brought together human-rights lawyers and academics to research legal topics and take on politically sensitive pro bono cases.

Recent articles in the Economist, the Wall Street Journal and the National Center for Policy Analysis (NCPA) have reported the organization was shuttered last week by the Chinese Government for allegedly violating laws that govern nonprofits.

Since 2003, Gongmeng has operated in a legal grey zone.  Due to a requirement that NGOs have government sponsorship to register, many groups, such as Gongmeng, are founded as businesses.  The OCI’s name in Chinese translates as the Public Alliance Information Consultancy Company.  Consequently, it has to pay business taxes, which the group says it paid.  The Chinese Government says otherwise. 

On July 17, in addition to levying a bill for little over $200,000, the authorities confiscated almost everything in the Gongmeng office: from files, computers and desks to the water cooler.  They have also declared the research group within the organization illegal because, they say, it is unregistered.

The NCPA calls the Gongmeng crackdown one of the larger incidents in a series of recent blows to Chinese human-rights lawyers.  Last month around 20 human-rights lawyers were effectively disbarred, in a clear warning to other lawyers not to accept politically sensitive cases.  It is also a warning to foreign donors who support Chinese NGOs (Yale's China Law Center provided grants to Gongmeng).

Gongmeng was a small think tank, but the fact that the Chinese authorities went out of their way to shut it down shows the value of its work, observers say.  The group has been so prominent in civil-rights cases that the government seems wary of confronting it directly.  Instead, it has decided to just make its continued operation practically impossible.

SS

http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/nonprofit/2009/07/open-constitution-institute-targeted-by-chinese-government-.html

International | Permalink

TrackBack URL for this entry:

http://www.typepad.com/services/trackback/6a00d8341bfae553ef0115713cb98e970c

Listed below are links to weblogs that reference Open Constitution Institute Targeted By Chinese Government :

Comments

Gongmeng Law Research Center had published an " investigation report into the social and economic causes of the 3.14 incident in Tibetan aereas."The access to the aricle via internet is not possiblanymore -it was!!I have one English version I am at present translating it into German.Is the article in Englsh somewhere still available?or somebody with knowledge of the original version and knowlege of Englsh ?

Posted by: Dr. Robert Gottwald | Dec 14, 2009 2:42:18 AM

At the moment I am translating the article of Gongmeng about the Tibet uprising "An investigative report into the social and economic causes of... into German. The Engli sh version of the article is not available in the internet any more. Do you know where to find it,or do you know somebody who has access to the Chinese version und knows English as well,I would appreciate some tips . Thankyou .r.g.

Posted by: Dr. Robert Gottwald | Dec 14, 2009 9:01:35 AM

Post a comment