February 19, 2009
Gates Foundation to Give Aid to African Farmers
Enough about the stumbling economy; here's a story to cheer your heart:
From Seattle comes the news that the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation yesterday announced that it is investing US$48 million and private corporations are chipping in another US$42 million to help small-scale farmers in Africa work themselves out of poverty and hunger by improving the way they grow cocoa and cashews.
Dr. Rajiv Shah, the foundation's director of agricultural development, cited the importance of the effort because the majority of people who live in extreme poverty depend on agriculture for both food and income.
"We hope to move more than 1.5 million people out of poverty in a relatively short time frame," Dr. Shah said.
According to The Canadian Press who broke the story, the companies giving cash and in-kind contributions to help with the cocoa and cashew project include The Hershey Co., Kraft Foods Inc., Mars Inc., Archer Daniels Midland Co., Cargill Inc., Armajaro, Olam International Ltd., and Starbucks Corp.
Cocoa is West Africa's largest agricultural export and accounts for 70 per cent of the world's supply. The Canadian Press report states that:
The Gates Foundation has committed $23 million to the World Cocoa Foundation to administer the cocoa project. It will hire local scientists, agriculture outreach workers and educators to help the farmers.
"We have learned that African farmers will listen to other Africans," Shah said. "Even corporate sponsors with Western names hire local people to work on the ground."
The cocoa project hopes to increase farmers' income by improving their knowledge and productivity, cocoa quality, crop diversification and supply chain efficiency.
Improving their growing and processing technology, including getting access to fertilizer and knowing how to use it, could significantly impact cocoa farm production in West Africa, Shah said.
Most African farmers have little or no contact with people who can help them grow more efficiently, like agriculture extension workers in the United States.
"We're talking about millions of farm households," Shah said. "Their level of contact with experts is very minimal. Those types of systems we take for granted in the United States and (in) the developing world don't exist."
The foundation also will assist the farmers in forming cooperatives to help them get a better price for their product.
The new grants are aimed at helping about 200,000 cocoa farmers in Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Liberia and Nigeria in West Africa over the next five years, Shah said. The foundation hopes to help those farmers double their income by 2013.
A grant of $25 million to the German development organization Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit will support the cashew project, which aims to help 150,000 small-scale cashew farmers in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana and Mozambique increase their incomes by 50 per cent by 2012.
Africa produces about a third of the world's cashews, but most of the nuts are shipped to Vietnam or India for processing, said Richard Rogers, a foundation program manager in the area of global development.
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