Thursday, December 13, 2007

What Exactly is "Lobbying" Anyway?

Lloyd H. Mayer has posted What is This Lobbying That We are So Worried About"This paper thoroughly explores the myriad definitions of "lobbying" under federal law and then proposes a single definition.  Its stuff like this that exemplifies the value of law professors.  Here is the Table of Contents:

Introduction ..................................................................... 3

I. Current Law................................................................... 7

A. "Lobbying" Regulated ....................................................... 8

1. Taxing Lobbying ............................................................. 9

2. Disclosing Lobbying ........................................................ 11

3. Limiting Lobbyists .......................................................... 12

4. Conclusion ................................................................... 14

B. Why Regulate Lobbying? ................................................... 14

1. Why Tax Lobbying?.......................................................... 16

2. Why Disclose Lobbying? .................................................... 21

3. Why Limit Lobbyists? ....................................................... 22

4. Conclusion .................................................................... 23

C. "Lobbying" Defined .......................................................... 24

1. Lobbying Defined by Government  Action .. .............................. 25

2. Lobbying Defined by Government Actor ................................... 27

3. Loybbing Defined by Government Actor and Actor ....................... 28

4. Exceptions .................................................................... 30

D. Conclusion .................................................................... 33

II. Interest Group Influence .................................................... 34

A. How Interest Groups Influence Government Actions .................... 35

1. The Legislative Branch ...................................................... 37

2. The Executive Branch ....................................................... 40

3. The Judicial Branch........................................................... 43

4. Conclusion ..................................................................... 44

B. The Relative Influence of Different Types of Interest Groups .......... 46

C. Desirable versus Undesirable Influence .................................... 51

III. Defining "Lobbying" .......................................................... 55

A. A Single Definition? ........................................................... 55

1. Do Different Rules Require Different Definitions? ........................ 56

2. Do Different Interest Groups Require Different Definitions? ............ 58

B. Focusing on the Action or the Actor? ....................................... 60

C. Which Actors? ................................................................. 62

1. Which Federal Government Actors? ........................................ 62

2. Which State, Local, and Foreign Government Actors? ................... 65

D. What about the Grassroots? ................................................. 68

E. Exceptions ..................................................................... 72

Conclusion ......................................................................... 74

http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/nonprofit/2007/12/what-exactly-is.html

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