Wednesday, October 29, 2008
In court, Keanu Reeves (Speed, The Matrix) denied hitting photographer Alison Silva with his car in an incident in March 2007. He testified that he was moving very slowly and was avoiding Mr. Silva, who touched the hood of the car. Mr. Silva is suing Mr. Reeves for expenses and lost wages, claiming that the actor's car struck him, and that he suffered an injury to his wrist which interfered with his ability to work as usual. Read more here in a BBC story and here in a Daily Telegraph story.
The BBC says it has taken Russell Brand and Jonathan Ross off the air until it completes an investigation of the prank calls they made to actor Andrew Sachs. For his part, Mr. Sachs says he doesn't want "revenge" for the incident. This BBC story provides more information, a timeline, and links to video.
Tuesday, October 28, 2008
Writer Tatiana Boncompagni Hoover (Gilding Lily) says her sister Natasha swiped chapters of Tatiana's new novel Hedge Fund Wives from Ms. Hoover' s computer and registered them with the Copyright Office as co-author. Ms. Hoover didn't indicate a motive for the internecine interloping. She does admit that Natasha ""nevertheless occasionally provided ideas relating to 'Hedge Fund Wives."" She has now sued Ms. Boncompagni for an injunction, damages, and a ruling that she, not Natasha, is the author of Hedge Fund Wives. Read a teaser about the book here.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA) today provided additional information regarding the Rural
Broadband workshop to be held in Phoenix, Arizona, on November 20, 2008.
The workshop will be held at the Mountain Preserve Reception Center, South Room,
located at 1431 East Dunlap Avenue from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m. The workshop will be held free of
charge; however, attendees will be responsible for providing their own transportation, lodging,
and meals (http://www.mprc.net/pages/home.html). Additional information via email will be
sent to all registrants with the agenda as well as specific logistical information.
This workshop is designed to provide communities, organizations, and businesses in rural
America seeking to bring the benefits of broadband to their communities with an opportunity to
learn about the resources, programs, and policies of the FCC and USDA. The topics to be
covered at the workshop include the following: different technology platforms used to provide
broadband services, USDA funding for broadband deployment, the Universal Service Fund, the
FCC’s Rural Health Care Pilot program, and wireless spectrum access. The workshop will also
provide communities and organizations with an opportunity to share their experiences about
broadband deployment in rural and hard-to-reach areas.
For additional information about the workshop, please visit the FCC’s website at
http://wireless.fcc.gov/outreach/ruralbroadband/workshop; send an email to
firstname.lastname@example.org; or contact Cecilia Sulhoff at (202) 418-0587 or Matt Nodine at (202)
418-1646. Further information on rural programs is available on the FCC/USDA Broadband
Opportunities for Rural America website at http://wireless.fcc.gov/outreach/ruralbroadband, at a
local USDA Rural Development office, and on the USDA’s web site at
Malone also argues that media bias is potentially "dangerous" for the media itself both because it alienates the public and because it risks the imposition of government regulation of media content, such as through the "fairness doctrine." I think the former threat is real, and I think media bias hurts the bottom line of traditional media outlets. But I am not sure the "fairness doctrine" is as much of a threat to the mainstream media as Malone suggests (though it's a real threat to talk radio and the blogosphere). I also suspect (hope) that were the doctrine ever reenacted, it would not survive constitutional challenge.
We analyze the effects of networks offering and charging for premium transmission service, which is central to the net neutrality debate. We find that when a network provider optimally charges for and provides premium transmission for content providers, innovation is stimulated on the edges of the network and smaller content providers benefit more than do larger content providers. Furthermore, we show that the network provider increases its investment in network capacity when it offers premium transmission without degrading service for content providers that do not purchase the premium service. Also the number of network subscribers increases.
Download the paper from SSRN here.
In a followup to yesterday's post about the BBC's apologies to actor Andrew Sachs over offensive calls to him by radio host Russell Brand and guest Jonathan Ross, here's what the Guardian says are transcripts of those calls. The Guardian also reports that the BBC received more than 1500 complaints as a result of the calls. Can an Ofcom investigation be far behind? This incident cannot be welcome in the midst of discussion over how the BBC is to be funded in coming years. Meanwhile, Mr. Brand tried to shift some of the attention to the Daily Mail, which had attacked his behavior with a front page story, by highlighting the fact that the paper had published a letter from a nobleman praising Adolf Hitler on its front page.
Monday, October 27, 2008
CNN.com reports that the body inside a white Chevy Suburban is that of young Julian King, actress Jennifer Hudson's nephew, missing since late last week when the bodies of his grandmother and his uncle were discovered inside his grandmother's home in a Chicago neighborhood. His mother Julia Balfour had pled for his safe return and his aunt had offered a $100,000 reward, to no avail. Police still have no suspects in the deaths of Ms. Balfour and Ms. Hudson's mother and brother.
It has been approximately forty years since the U.S. Supreme Court found the Fairness Doctrine constitutional and approximately twenty years since the Federal Communications Commission (the "FCC") eliminated it. The Fairness Doctrine provided that the broadcasters were required to air important issues and to make sure that the other side of the issue was also covered. In 1969 in Red Lion, the U.S. States Supreme Court found the Fairness Doctrine constitutional under the First Amendment.
In the late 1980s, the FCC decided that because of the increase in the number of broadcast stations, cable outlets, magazines, and at that time the potential for the Internet that the audience could get information from a variety of sources, and the Fairness Doctrine was no longer needed. In Syracuse Peace Council, the D.C. Circuit found that the FCC had the power to eliminate the Fairness Doctrine, but the Court failed to address the First Amendment issues.
Since 1987, the media landscape has also distinctly changed by increased consolidation. As result, the major broadcast corporations, ABC, CBS, NBC and Fox are vertically integrated platforms often including production studios, cable stations, broadcast stations, music companies, and book publishers. Ownership limits have been deregulated to allow broadcasters to have an audience reach of 39% of households. The FCC has also been waging a battle to allow for cross ownership of newspapers by broadcasters.
Given increased cross ownership connections, the increased demand for broadcast content, the concomitant decrease in broadcast news personnel, and the demise of the broadcast fairness doctrine, the broadcasters have increased the airing of tabloid stories. This has occurred because news divisions have become profit centers in which the broadcasters and the cable companies are almost solely interested in increasing ratings of their news shows to increase advertising dollars. Competition causes the news divisions to seek tabloid celebrity stories and to cover them more intensely for longer periods in order to attract larger audiences.
The media ecology is now set up in a manner that "nudges" media audiences to consume the tabloid cookies and candy as opposed to the public interest broccoli. The Fairness Doctrine "nudged" both the media and the audience to consume information necessary for our democracy. Without that "nudge" and in fact with a "nudge" in the opposite direction, the media now broadcast and the audience consumes vast amounts of tabloid fare, instead of information that would be healthier for the American democracy.
This article examines why and how the media cover female celebrities and other women whose tragic stories are thrust into the public consciousness. The article focuses on obvious female celebrities like Britney Spears, Lindsay Lohan, Paris Hilton, and Anna Nicole Smith, as well as those tragic women thrust into the national spotlight that lost their lives to male assailants such as Laci Peterson, Chandra Levy, and Natalee Holloway. The common thread that binds all these women together is that they are young, white and reasonably attractive.
The anxiety over white women resonates in our popular culture. For instance, the "Perils of Pauline," serves as a historical touchtone to the current media coverage of these celebrities and other women thrust into the media spotlight. This serial was a silent film, which included "archetypal cliffhangers" that involved a leading woman character, Pauline, who each week encountered danger. Like the Perils of Pauline, the media seize on tabloid stories of white women because they resonate with the public. They increase the media's ratings, and they allow the media to cross market their products across their different media platforms. By hyping these women, the media create an echo effect across a variety of media platforms that actually sell these women's tragic stories. The white women in peril become big business dominating coverage in tabloid as well as mainstream media.
This focus is possible because of the demise of the Fairness Doctrine, the deregulation of the media industry, and the consolidated ownership of different media platforms by one or a few owners. A story is transported along a particular media company's own network. People magazine is a major node in this celebrity network, selling over 35 million issues per week. It is owned by Time Warner, which also owns CNN. So this is the major "jump off" from tabloid to legitimate news is through this connection. The "jump off" can also begin in celebrity-focused website such as TMZ also owned by Time Warner and then emerge on CNN or other network news shows. The story can eventually be made in a television movie on an affiliated network, or an E! True Hollywood Story or be published as a book. Like a virus, the increased coverage can migrate to rival media networks. Meanwhile this tabloid virus crowds out the coverage of "real" news stories about matters of public importance that the Fairness Doctrine was designed to encourage. This over-emphasis on tabloid stories makes the public less well informed and cheapens our democracy.
Download the paper from SSRN here.
Once again, the BBC finds itself in the position of having to apologize for some unfortunate behavior on the part of participants on one of its shows. This time, the behavior occurred on Russell Brand's Radio 2 show, during an episode on which film critic and host Jonathan Ross was a guest. The two repeatedly called actor Andrew Sachs, who played Manuel on the classic comedy Fawlty Towers, and left prank calls on his answering machine. However, the content of the calls went far beyond fun and lurched into offensive content, including the implication that Mr. Brand had slept with Mr. Sachs's granddaughter. The pair only made things worse when they redialed and tried to apologize. Mr. Sachs listened to at least one of the recorded calls, and directed his agent to complain to the BBC. Mumerous listeners to the Brand broadcast also filed complaints. Read more here in a BBC story, and here in a Guardian story.
Sunday, October 26, 2008
MSNBC.com's Dave White recaps all those cease-and-desist letters the McCain campaign has gotten from artists who didn't give permission for the campaign, or the RNC, to use their work to promote the Senator's presidential bid. Fear not, GOPpers--Mr. White has some suggestions.