Thursday, December 15, 2005
International Commission of Jurists Issues Report Detailing Concerns Over Nepalese Ban on Media Freedoms
In a report called "Power to Silence: Nepal's New Media Ordinance", the International Commission of Jurists has detailed its concerns about the Nepalese government's newly passed restrictions against the media. After measuring the restrictions against rights guaranteed in the Nepalese constitution and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Nepal is a party, the ICJ made several recommendations, among which are the following: the government should consider decriminalizing defamation; imprisonment should never be an option for a media-related offense, and government should cease all proceedings against FM broadcast stations. The Nepalese Supreme Court has already ordered a temporary halt to the ban.
For practitioners and others contemplating joining the law professor ranks, many law schools offer wonderful opportunities to transition into the legal academy with one- or two-year fellowships which allow you to enter the AALS Faculty Recruitment Conference (the "meat market") armed with teaching experience and published scholarship under your belt:
- Chicago-Kent: Visiting Assistant Professor Program
- Florida: Visiting Assistant Professor Program (Tax)
- Georgetown: Graduate Fellowship Program for Future Law Professors
- Reginald F. Lewis Fellowships for Law Teaching
- Charles Hamilton Houston Fellowships for Law Teaching
- Iowa: Faculty Fellows Program
- John M. Olin Fellows in Law
- New York University:
- Northwestern: Visiting Assistant Professor Program
- John M. Olin Fellows in Law
- Searle Fellows in Public Law
- VAP in Finance
- VAP in Health Care Law and Economics
- VAP in Negotiations
- VAP in Securities and Finance
- VAP in Taxation
- Stanford: Teaching Fellowship Program
- Temple: Abraham L. Freedman Graduate Teaching Fellowship Program
- Texas: Emerging Scholars Program
- Wisconsin: William H. Hastie Fellowship Program
- Yale: Robert M. Cover Fellowship Program
A great discussion of many of these fellowship programs can be found in Patricia A. Cain (Iowa) & Faith Pincus (Iowa), Faculty Fellowship Programs That Lead to Law Teaching.
For more information on becoming a law professor, including a discussion of the advantages of these fellowship programs, see:
- Jack Chin (Arizona), TeachLaw: Resources for Lawyers Who Want to be Law Professors
- Jack Chin (Arizona) & Denise Morgan (New York Law School), Breaking Into the Academy: The 2002-2004 Michigan Journal of Race & Law Guide for Aspiring Law Professors, 7 Mich. J. Race & L. 457 (2002)
- Eric Goldman (Marquette), Careers in Law Teaching
- Institute for Humane Studies, George Mason University, Law School and Beyond: The IHS Guide to Careers in Legal Academia
- Law Crossing, Becoming a Law Professor: Part 1 and Part 2
- Brian Leiter (Texas), Information and Advice for Persons Interested in Teaching Law
- Brad Wendel (Cornell), The Big Rock Candy Mountain: How to Get a Job in Law Teaching
- Don Zillman (Maine), Marina Angel (Temple), Jan Laitos (Denver), George Pring (Denver) & Joseph Tomain (Cincinnati), Uncloaking Law School Hiring: A Recruit's Guide to the AALS Faculty Recruitment Conference, 39 J. Legal Educ. 345 (1988)
[Thanks to Paul Caron's TaxProf Blog for this post.]
Wednesday, December 14, 2005
A French appeals court has upheld a lower court ruling that the rap group Sniper did not break the law by performing songs during an April 2004 concert which contained lyrics that police considered violent. Meanwhile, many members of the nation's legislature are demanding that rap be curbed, citing the recent widespread riots and linking the music to the violence. Read more here.
Mark Hoaglin pled guilty yesterday to posting a copyrighted film (Star Wars III: Revenge of the Sith) on the Internet in violation of the Family Entertainment and Copyright Act of 2005. He could receive up to three years in prison. Hoaglin said he received the copy of the movie from a colleague, and he uploaded it the day before it premiered. Read more here.
NBC decided to cut Pamela Anderson's pole dance from Monday night's Elton John "Red Piano" special previously taped at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas, although the segment was said to have been included in preview copies and was mentioned in ads. The network's standards and practices department decided that the performance was not appropriate for the time slot, 8 p.m. Eastern Standard Time. Read more here.
Tuesday, December 13, 2005
Brett M. Frischmann, Loyola University of Chicago Law School, has written "The Demsetzian Trend in Copyright Law", which is available through SSRN. Here is the abstract.
Copyright law provides an excellent case study with which to study and evaluate Harold Demsetz's theory of property rights. Regardless of how one feels about the relationship between property and intellectual property, it is hard to escape the fact that intellectual property rights have expanded and grown more property-like and more privatized in recent decades. There has been an undeniable Demsetzian trend in copyright law.
In this article, I critique the Demsetzian trend in copyright law and challenge some of the fundamental premises upon which the normative arguments for continued privatization and propertization of intellectual resources rest. First, I focus on the perceived benefits of internalizing externalities. I argue that externalities do not necessarily distort incentives or, more generally, the market allocation of resources. For many externalities, there is no efficiency benefit to internalization (whether internalization is accomplished by Pigouvian taxes/subsidies or property rights). In the end, the benefits of internalization must be carefully assessed rather than assumed. The view that increasing the degree of internalization through private property rights inevitably leads to increased incentives to invest in creation or distribution is not well-established in either theory or practice.
Second, I focus on the frequently invoked solution of efficient licensing and the "logic" that property rights should be extended "into every corner in which people derive enjoyment and value . . . [so that] signals of consumer preference [may] trigger and direct [producers'] investments" (Goldstein, 1994). I argue that there is a fundamental flaw in this logic that undermines the efficient licensing hypothesis. Social demand for individuals' access to and use of copyright protected works often exceeds private demand. Purchasers'/licensees' willingness to pay reflects only their private demand and does not take into account value that others might realize as a result of their use. As I explain, many uses of copyrighted works generate value for third-parties.
Finally, drawing from the first two points, I argue that, from a Coasean perspective, both externalities and property rights have symmetrical and reciprocal potentials to distort the market allocation of resources. A priori and devoid of context, one cannot say that the potential distortions caused by a property right, externality, or incremental change in a property right have a net positive or negative effect on social welfare.
Monday, December 12, 2005
The author of the faked biographical entry on John Seigenthaler Sr. says it was a joke written earlier this year to shock a co-worker. Brian Chase, who worked at a Nashville, Tennessee, delivery company, has since resigned and apologized to Seigenthaler. Read more here and here.
The UK's Crown Prosecution Service has decided to drop court-martial proceedings against Stuart Mackenzie, an army private whom it accused of faking photographs of abuse against Iraqi prisoners. The Daily Mirror obtained the photos and published them in 2004. Questions about the photos surfaced quickly, and the Mirror acknowledged that they were not authentic and apologized for running them. The Daily Mirror' subsequently fired its editor, Piers Morgan. Read more here.