Sunday, July 31, 2005
The New York Times has an essay on the Sony payola scandal, and the history of payola since the 1930s. Read Lorne Manly's piece here. The term payola has now also been attached to "pay for play in other situations, such as in tv and radio broadcasting, and even in judicial bribery scandals. For more about the history of payola and Congressional attempts to regulate it, here's a short bibliography.
Dannen, Fredric, Hit Men: Power Brokers and Fast Money Inside the Music Business (Knopf, 1991).
Congressional Acts Amendments: Hearings before before a subcommittee of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, Eighty-sixth Congress, second session, on conditional grants, pregrant procedure, local notice, local hearings, payoffs, suspension of licenses, and deceptive practices in broadcasting, April 12 and 13, 1960. SuDocs no. Y 4.In 8/4:C 73/17/960.
Hultin, James C., The Quiz-Payola Investigations 1958-1960 (Kent State, 1971). On the tv quiz show scandals.
Selby, Shawn, They Knocked the Rock: Congress and the Payola Hearings (Ohio University, 2002).
Law Review Articles
Kielbowicz, Richard, and Linda Lawson, Unmasking Hidden Commercials in Broadcasting: Origins of the Sponsorship Identification Regulations, 1927-1963, 56 Federal Communications Law Journal 329 (2004).
American Hot Wax (1978). Tim McIntire plays Cleveland DJ Alan Freed, the champion of rock and roll, who was eventually brought down by the payola scandals. Fran Drescher, Laraine Newman, Jay Leno, and rock and roll greats Frankie Ford, Chuck Berry, Jerry Lee Lewis and others are also in this cult classic.
Quiz Show (1994). Rob Morrow as lawyer investigator Dick Goodwin, Ralph Fiennes as Charles van Doren and John Turturro as Herbie Stempel are terrific in this dramatization of the "Twenty-One" game show scandal. Paul Scofield was nominated for an Oscar for his performance as Mark van Doren.