Thursday, September 18, 2014
Judge Gone Wild?
From the Washington Post:
Delvon L. King was acting as his own attorney in a gun-possession case when Charles County Circuit Court Judge Robert Nalley ran out of patience. The judge said that King was being “non-responsive” and “rude” and “citing case law that did not apply to his case.”
So Nalley ordered a deputy sheriff to administer a shock to King via a remote-controlled black box strapped to the defendant’s ankle. “Do it. . . . Use it,” Nalley said, according to a transcript of the July 23 proceeding.
The device is called a Stun-Cuff, and when the deputy pushed a button on a handheld transmitter, 50,000 pulsating volts shot into King’s Achilles’ tendon for five seconds. The defendant screamed, fell to the floor and writhed in pain.
Welcome to Judge Nalley’s courtroom, a little Guantanamo in La Plata, Md.
The judge thought the defendant was being rude and citing cases that did not apply (warn your LW students what can happen if they cite the wrong cases) You can read more here. On September 10, the Maryland Court of Appeals (the state's highest court) removed Judge Nalley from the bench. Here is a vdeo showing how stun cuffs work. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eO5AurN9k60
The Third Annual Educating Tomorrow's Lawyers Conference begins today in Denver. This year's theme is Accelerating Competency: Assessment in Legal Education.
"Traditional notions of assessment in legal education have limited our capacity to truly measure whether law students are receiving the education and training they need to enter the profession. Rather than using assessment as a sorting mechanism, assessment can and should be used as a powerful educational tool to serve a critical role in lawyer preparation and in improving legal education.
This conference will demonstrate how assessment can be used for teaching, for learning, and as support for law schools and educators when developing new or innovative models."
Keep up with the conference by using hashtag #ETLConference and following the conference at @ETLInitiative on Twitter, or on ETL's Facebook page. I am sure that ETL's director, Alli Gerkman will also have something to say on her twitter page here.
Wednesday, September 17, 2014
A perennial rite of fall OCI season is for 2Ls to check out the American Lawyer survey results ranking summer associate programs. I guess it was a lot more meaningful (and fun) before the big legal market meltdown since jobs were way more plentiful and thus students did a lot more comparison shopping before deciding where to "summer." Today, I've got to believe most law students would be happy to get a summer job with any firm regardless of the ranking. The survey criteria, described below, is also much more practical and buttoned-down in keeping with the hard economic times. Gone are the days when firms tried to outdo each other in how much they could lavish on summer associates and the anecdotes describing bacchanalian excess that were usually included in the article accompanying the survey results.
Summer associates were asked to rank law firm summer programs based on the following:
- How interesting was the work?
- How much real work was assigned?
- How did the training and guidance measure up?
- How positive were interactions with partners and associates?
- How well did the firm communicate goals and expectations?
- How accurately did the firm portray itself during the interview process?
- How inclined are you to accept an offer?
- Provide an overall rating of the firm as a place to work.
Go here to read a further description of the methodology used by AmLaw.
Drexel University’s law school is now the Thomas R. Kline School of Law, thanks to a generous $50 million gift from prominent trial lawyer Thomas R. Kline.
Kline is one of the city's - and nation's - most prominent trial lawyers. He represented one of the victims in the Penn State University sexual-abuse cases, and became a national spokesman for others with claims against the university. He cofounded the firm of Kline & Specter P.C. in 1995 with his partner Shanin Specter, the son of the late Arlen Specter, a longtime U.S. Senator representing Pennsylvania.
Since then the firm has reached the upper ranks of law firms handling catastrophic personal-injury cases. On its website, it lists awards and settlements on behalf of clients of more than $1.7 billion, noting at the same time that the results of many other resolved cases could not be reported under terms of confidentiality agreements.
You can read more here.
The list of 21 scholars includes two practicing lawyers and one law professor. Congratulations!
Danielle S. Bassett, 32, an assistant professor of innovation at the University of Pennsylvania.
Alison Bechdel, 54, a cartoonist and graphic memoirist.
Mary L. Bonauto, 53, a civil-rights lawyer with the advocacy group Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders, in Boston.
Tami Bond, 50, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Steve Coleman, 57, a jazz composer and saxophonist in Allentown, Pa.
Sarah Deer, 41, a professor at the William Mitchell College of Law.
Jennifer L. Eberhardt, 49, an associate professor of psychology at Stanford University.
Craig Gentry, 41, a computer scientist at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center.
Terrance Hayes, 42, a poet and professor at the University of Pittsburgh.
John Henneberger, 59, a housing advocate in Austin, Tex.
Mark Hersam, 39, a professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern University.
Samuel D. Hunter, 33, a playwright in New York City.
Pamela O. Long, 71, a historian of science and technology in Washington, D.C.
Rick Lowe, 53, a public artist in Houston.
Jacob Lurie, 36, a professor of mathematics at Harvard University.
Khaled Mattawa, 50, an associate professor of English language and literature at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.
Joshua Oppenheimer, 39, a documentary filmmaker in Copenhagen.
Ai-jen Poo, 40, a labor organizer in New York City.
Jonathan Rapping, 48, a criminal lawyer in Athens, Ga.
Tara Zahra, a professor of East European history at the University of Chicago.
Yitang Zhang, 59, a professor of mathematics and statistics at the University of New Hampshire.
A staple of conventional teaching is to admonish our students against using the word “clearly.” If something is clear, you don’t have to say it’s clear. But somehow, substituting a synonym like “plainly” will not raise eyebrows.
A search on Westlaw discloses that since January 15, 2013, the word “clearly has appeared in 73 Supreme Court opinions. Since January 9, 2012, it has appeared in 105 opinions. Are all the Justices and their law-review-trained-clerks bad wordsmiths? Now, in some of those opinions, the word may have appeared because it was used in a statute or regulation—I was not interested enough to research the matter.
However, my small project suggests that castigating a single word or woodenly applying a single rule may be too mechanical a method for improving our students’ writing.
Tuesday, September 16, 2014
NESL has announced via its website the launch of a new year long 1L course called "The Lawyering Experience" that augments traditional first year coursework with interactive discussions, "on-point exercises," and practical career development sessions aimed at helping students find career paths that best suit their interests and personality types. The course is a collaborative effort between law school faculty and staff from the career development office. According to the school's website, the course will involve weekly meetings with faculty, career service staff, upper class students and guest speakers addressing a variety of topics related to finding the right fit between student and job. Here are more details from the school's website:
First-year day students [will] meet weekly for classes led by TLE faculty, alumni, upper class students, and guest experts. Upcoming sessions will focus on broad themes, such as utilizing emotional intelligence, defining justice in varied settings, detecting and coping with bias, and acclimating to developments in the always-evolving field of legal technology.
“From day one, the course will help students think about which types of legal careers best suit their temperament and interests,” says Professor Tigran Eldred, who teaches in the program and also helps to manage The Lawyering Experience blog, an integral course component that provides a forum for enhanced discussion of classroom topics.
TLE will also highlight various career tracks, with an emphasis on emerging and popular practice areas, and on building awareness about the business of running a legal practice. Sessions on professionalism, resume building, interviewing, and networking will prepare students to present themselves to prospective employers in the competitive world of job-seeking.
“The course will provide the foundation for a more career-focused law school experience for all beginning students,” says Mandie LeBeau, CSO director. “Those who have already identified their career pathways will learn more about the steps they’ll need to take along the way, while those who are still deciding will gain insight into the choices that they’ll have as law school graduates.”
The course will culminate in a large networking event next spring for the entire 1L class, alumni and other interested members of the legal community. You can continue reading about TLE here.
The same issues seem to keep coming up in legal education. I will list those issues, then link to our previous posts on these questions.
Does legal education need to be reformed? The Biggest Problem in Legal Education: The Mismatch Between How Law Schools Teach Their Students and What Lawyers Do In Practice, Why Did California Adopt Its New Competency Training Requirements?, Legal Education Reform Is Supported By Considerable Educational Scholarship, The Burden of Proof in Legal Education Reform, Reform Will Bring More Rigor to Legal Education, Georgetown 3L says law schools need to shift resources from "impractical" faculty scholarship to providing experiential learning opportunities for students, The Importance of Teaching Problem Solving in Law Schools, Important New Article On Reforming Legal Education, Illinois Bar Association: Special Committee Report--On Legal Education Reform, Comments on the ABA Proposal to Require 15 Credit Hours of Experiential Courses, Why the ABA Should Grant CLEA's Petition to Require 15 Hours of Skills Courses, "Law schools must reform: They need to leave the ivory tower and teach practical lawyering", The New York City Bar Association’s Task Force on New Lawyers in a Changing Profession Report: Law Schools, "The Future of Legal Ed" symposium: Laws schools must impart intellectual depth, make students practice-ready, and keep tuition reasonable, Dean Chemerinsky on Legal Education.
What is holding up legal education reform? Professor Jim Moliterno on Resistance to Change in Legal Education, A Novel Approach To Legal Education's Problems: The "Langdellian Bargain", More On The Influence Of The Langdellian Tradition And Langdellian Bargain On Contemporary Legal Education, What Legal Education Reform Is And Is Not About, ABA Task Force: Working Paper: Changing the Culture of Law Schools, Misunderstanding Legal Education Reform: Peter J. Kalis, Bill Henderson on Legal Education Reform: "We had the power all along", What Legal Education Reform Is Not About I: A Straw Man, What Legal Education Reform Is Not About II: A Red Herring, Practice-Ready: The False Dichotomy Between Theory And Practice, Why Aren't Law Professors Taught to Teach?, The Lawyer of the Future.
Is legal education reform possible? They Said It Couldn't Be Done: Law Schools That Have Adopted Significant Educational Reforms, Legal Education Reform at Particular Law Schools, Self-Interest in Law Schools, Denver Announces Experiential Program, Law Schools That Have Adopted Significant Educational Reforms: Other Schools With Innovative Programs and Wrap-Up, Understanding the Costs of Experiential Education.
How can law schools reform legal education? A Model Experiential Real Estate Class, Herbert Ramy on Formative Assessment, Experiential Education in he Lecture Hall, Improving Legal Education by Improving Casebooks, Law Schools' Untapped Resources, The Center for Excellence in Law Teaching (CELT), Deborah Jones Merritt on Client-Centered Law Schools, Thinking-Aloud Techniques to Develop Problem-Solving Skills, A Model for Teaching Reflection in Legal Education, New scholarship: "Educating our students for what? The goals and objectives of law schools in their primary role of educating students--how do we actually achieve our goals and objectives?" , Reforming the Third Year of Law School, The Key To Legal Education Reform: Individual Effort, "Beyond Practical Skills: Nine Steps for Improving Legal Education Now", A Model for Legal Education Reform, ETL: Expansive Resource Database Launched to Help Law Schools and Professors Better Prepare Students to Be Lawyers, Educating Tomorrow's Lawyers Consortium, Legal skills scholarship: "Acting Like Lawyers: Adapting Medical Education's Experiential Learning Techniques in a Legal Rotations Model" , Interview with Dean Martin Katz Concerning Legal Education Reform, One idea for law school curriculum reform - hire experienced practitioners as faculty, Enhancing Traditional Law Teaching to Produce Measurable Gains, The Unified Learning Model and Legal Education.
At Vitae, Professor Tanya Golash-Boza tells us that we should limit the amount of time we spend on writing each day. Here is her argument:
When you write, you deplete your intellectual energy, and each of us only has a limited amount of intellectual energy. Thus, it is not the case that the more hours you spend writing, the more productive you will be.
Your intellectual energy can be a bit delicate. If you run it to its bitter end each day, you will find that you have less and less. Have you ever spent an entire day working on a project only to find that the next day you are unable to move forward? Have you ever pushed yourself to the limit to meet a deadline and found yourself unable to be productive for the next week or longer? When that happens, it is because you have pushed your intellectual energy to the limit. You have hit a wall and need time to recover.
By limiting the amount of time you spend writing, you are protecting your intellectual energy and ensuring that it gets renewed daily. For that reason, I suggest that you can be most effective by spending one to four hours on your writing each day.
You can read more here. I suspect that she may be right. However, everyone is different and works in a unique way. Some writers have long nonwriting spells followed by a flood of writing and then write nonstop for a long time. I suspect that those writers need several drafts to clean up their initial feverish drafts.
I have heard that we can work well only six hours each day. Still, for me, in order to get those six good hours, I have to sit at my desk for more hours. Distractions eat up some of the time.
Monday, September 15, 2014
To state the obvious, not only do experiential classes need to be added to the law school curriculum, they need to be added in the proper way. The sequence used to teach doctrine and skills is very important. Certain items need to be taught before students can move on to more advanced items.
Adam Laparello and Charles E. MacLean have written an important article concerning how material and skills should be taught in law school. Experiential Legal Writing: The New Approach to Practicing Like a Lawyer.
1. "Experiential learning encompasses five elements: (1) experiencing, (2) reflecting, (3) processing, (4) generalizing (identifying learned principles), and (5) applying to different contexts the information learned from the initial experience."
"The experiential learning cycle must be connected to the development of professional competencies, and students must acquire these competencies before they can apply them to different contexts. Context is essential, because it often requires a student to apply or emphasize different skills. Thus, mastering a competency in one context, e.g., drafting an appellate brief, does not mean that a student can draft a motion to dismiss or a trial brief effectively. Likewise, oral advocacy skills at the trial and appellate court levels are fundamentally different. Thus, the skills a student acquires when drafting an appellate brief or arguing before an appellate court do not necessarily transfer to other litigation documents or stages of litigation. In other words, law schools must train students to master the skills that apply to specific documents in particular contexts, but that do not necessarily apply across contexts. For that reason, repetition of the same activity and exposure to the various areas of litigation and transactional practice that a student will encounter in the real world are essential. Coupled with the fact that the skills required to competently practice law (including writing, reasoning and analysis, research, sound judgment, strategic decision-making, counseling, and negotiation) are inherently complex, students need sufficient time to repeat, reflect, and refine context-specific skills.
2. "If experiential learning is overused in a first-year doctrinal course, it may interfere with substantive knowledge acquisition and development of critical thinking skills."
"Doctrinal courses should, however, incorporate more problem sets or fact patterns so that students can apply their legal knowledge to hypothetical or real-world problems. One way to facilitate this is by flipping the classroom, which requires students to watch short videos before class in which professors are outlining the substantive law. This allows the professors to spend less time in class discussing basic legal principles, and more time discussing real-world problems to which students must apply their knowledge. Such an approach is experiential in the sense that it trains students to be problem solvers, but it maintains the focus on developing critical thinking skills."
3. "One mistake law schools make is conflating practical skills and experiential learning. That causes students to enroll in clinics and externships before they are ready. Experiential legal writing, however, teaches practical skills, persuasive writing and client counseling negotiations skills, and improves analytical ability, both of which are essential to maximizing outcomes in clinics and preparing students for the real-world practice of law."
4. "Of course, success of an experiential legal writing model depends on effective assessment, both at the formative and evaluative stage, that measure real-world skills and core competencies."
I agree that first-year doctrinal courses should not include complicated experiential assignments, as defined in the article. Rather, they should go deeper into teaching students how to think like a lawyer and how to apply that knowledge in problem-solving exercises. Thinking like a lawyer should include the miniskills that make it up--deductive reasoning, analogical reasoning, distinguishing cases, synthesis, and policy-based reasoning. (see my book, Think Like a Lawyer: Legal Reasoning for Law Students and Legal Professionals (ABA Pub. 2013). Students should also apply their newly-learned doctrinal knowledge to problems in first-year classes. For example, at the end of the unit on intentional torts, the students could solve intentional torts problems, both outside and inside class.
Lehigh University professors read some of their bad student evaluations posted on Rate My Professor. My personal favorite is the professor who responds to his student's assessment that he's "useless to the [Integrated Product Development] program, general moron" with "useless to the IPD program? Hell, I started the dang IPD program!"
Hat tip to Business Insider. Enjoy the video below.
Professor Clay Shirky of NYU is no Luddite - he's been teaching classes about the internet since 1998, a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society and author of Cognitive Surplus: Creativity and Generosity in a Connected Age among several other works. He describes himself as an "activist for free culture movement" and the last guy you'd think would want to censor people's internet use. But in this blog post on pbs.org media shift (hat tip to Life Edited), he says he finally bit the bullet this year and banned laptops, smartphones and tablets from his classroom unless he's got an in-class project requiring their use. For many years he listened to the conventional wisdom about "striving to be more engaging then the distractions that tempt students," treating his students like adults who pay their money and are free to check-out if they want, blah, blah, blah. At the start of this year, though, the growing mountain of evidence showing not only that students who surf in class do more poorly academically but that they also disrupt neighboring students who are trying to pay attention, pushed him over the edge. Welcome, brother.
Professor Shirky's post provides a nice point-by-point summary of research studies and cognitive science arguments in support of a "no laptop use" policy (for those who prefer the sound of that to "laptop ban") unless they're being put to bona fide use during class.
Here's an excerpt:
. . . .
I have known, for years, that the basic research on multi-tasking was adding up, and that for anyone trying to do hard thinking (our spécialité de la maison, here at college), device use in class tends to be a net negative. Even with that consensus, however, it was still possible to imagine that the best way to handle the question was to tell the students about the research, and let them make up their own minds.
The “Nearby Peers” effect, though, shreds that rationale. There is no laissez-faire attitude to take when the degradation of focus is social. Allowing laptop use in class is like allowing boombox use in class — it lets each person choose whether to degrade the experience of those around them.
. . . .
Continue reading Professor Shirky's full blog post here.
Around this time of the year, we often talk with students about outlining—outlining their substantive courses and outlining as a first step before drafting a document. However, we need to remember that for some students, outlining does not come easily. Some students like flow charts. Some students think in pictures. These thinking processes are ingrained and are not amenable to change.
At the same time, writing in outline form is essential to both organizing class material and drafting documents. Lawyers think like outlines. Students who think in other ways must eventually take their conceptually organized thoughts and convert them to outline forms. This transformation is not always easy. However, we can help by acknowledging to students that many of them organize their thoughts differently, and for them, outlining is not the first step. It is a second step.
Sunday, September 14, 2014
Shouldn't Law Students Who Have Been Taught How to Draft a Contract Know More Contract Doctrine Than Those Who Haven't Been?
Shouldn't law students who have been taught to draft a contract know more contract doctrine than those who haven't been?
Opponents of legal education reform seem to think that if law schools add more practical education that much will be lost from the traditional curriculum. But, is this really true? Will students learn less doctrine if they are taught how to draft a contract?
My belief is that they will learn even more doctrinal knowledge and understand it better than they would in a purely doctrinal class if they are taught how to draft contracts. It requires a great deal of doctrinal knowledge to draft a contract. Moreover, to draft a contract, students need to be able to manipulate their doctrinal knowledge--to apply doctrinal knowledge to new situations. Would students get this from a doctrinal class that uses only traditional methods of teaching contracts? I don't think so.
Recent educational scholarship supports this. It is an established fact that students remember more, are better able to use knowledge, and are better able to transfer knowledge between domains with active learning. (E.g., Gerald F. Hess, Value of Variety: An Organizing Principle to Enhance Teaching and Learning, 3 Elon L. Rev. 65, 81-82 (2011); Diane F. Halpern, Teaching Critical Thinking for Transfer across Domains: Dispositions, Skills, Structure Training, and Metacognitive Monitoring, 53 Am. Psych. 449, 453 (1998)). Problem solving, which requires active participation, challenges students to develop legal skills in context rather than relying on knowing legal rules, and it facilitates self-reflective learning. (Shirley Lung, The Problem Method: No Simple Solutions, 45 Williamette L. Rev. 743, 775 (2009)).
Last week, I discussed an experiential real estate class at the University of Colorado taught by Chad Asarch. (here) I cannot image that a student would learn more doctrine in a traditional real estate course than they would in Professor Asarch's course. To be able to use something is to know it.
Teaching doctrine and teaching how to use that doctrine are not mutually exclusive. Rather, they work together. Legal education reformers do not want to completely eliminate the old methods of teaching. I believe that the Socratic method is a valuable tool when used correctly. For example, a first-year torts course could teach doctrine using the Socratic method, then have the students solve problems after they have learned the doctrine.
Similarly, all the textbooks I am aware of written by legal education reformers (even my own) still include appellate cases. However, these textbooks include much more than cases; they teach more than just putting. (here)
In sum, teaching doctrine and teaching skills go together. By having students draft documents, solve problems, and conduct trials, students learn more doctrine and understand it better than they do in purely doctrinal courses.
P.S. Should students who are planning to become litigators take drafting courses? Yes, as stated above, students learn more in an active course than they do in a passive one. If you know how to draft a contact, you will be able to see the problems better in contracts.
Not only is it OCI season, this is also the time of year when most new law grads join start working for their employers after a summer break following the bar exam. These tips from the Legal Intelligencer are intended to help you get off on the right foot by making a good impression your first day on the job.
- Communicate. Do not feel awkward about keeping your assigning attorney apprised of the status of your work. Let your assigning attorneys know that you are working on their projects and that you are making progress. . . .
- Assimilate. Become a part of the fabric of your office—even if it means stepping outside of your comfort zone. Work to build relationships with everyone in your office, not just members of your team or practice group. . .
- Be Conscientious. It is important from the outset to not only be the best writer but also to be a careful writer. The best practice is to review and re-review your work. . . .
- Seek a Mentor.
- Set the Tone. The best piece of advice I got as a new attorney was that it is easier to make a good reputation than to get rid of a bad reputation. . . .
Continue here to read the full explanation that goes along with each of the above tips.
At Concurring Opinions, Professor Dave Hoffman (Temple Law) offers his thoughts. He has concluded that a law review’s efforts to improve its reputation will not succeed.. Instead, he proposes three productive tasks for law reviews:
1. Improve the student experience: Ask the student members what they don’t like.
For many, that’s going to be the process of writing mini-law review articles (often called “comments,”sometimes called “notes.”) Stop encouraging students to write this overfootnoted, circuit-split-obsessed, dreck and mandate, instead, short pieces that summarize recent developments. For other students, it going to be interactions with managing editors. You should train people how to deliver criticism, and how to take it.
2. Create an institutional memory:
If I were a law review, I would first digitize and free the entirety of the archive. (By “free” I mean free it from the limited duration of Westlaw, and the limited search functions of Hein.) Create “errata” features, which ask authors 10, 20, or 30 years after an article’s publication to revisit it with a more critical eye, thus excavating it from the pile. Highlight other past articles by finding editors who worked on those volumes and asking them to comment on them in podcasts or in video chats. Experienced lawyers reading articles might have a vastly different perspective than the green articles editors they were – and could, not incidentally, reflect on the value (or lack thereof) of the skills that Law Review teaches.
Invite former editors to come to campus and give talks, host cocktail parties and receptions for class years, and generally develop the law review’s alumni network so that current students – and past ones – can benefit in a way that goes beyond a line on the resume.
You can read the full posting here. On several occasions, I have tried to invade the world of our law reviews in hopes of improving them. I found student editors fiercely independent and uninterested in rethinking what they do. I may try again. I wish Professor Hoffman the best of luck.
Saturday, September 13, 2014
Urged on by increasingly agitated calls from across the legal community for more ‘practice-ready’ graduates, law schools are now more than ever engaged in a good-faith struggle with questions of how to most effectively develop and implement coursework designed to achieve that aim. Over a relatively short period of time, most schools have responded by introducing an ever-expanding array of clinics, externships, and skills-focused simulation courses. Historically treated by many within the teaching academy as an approach to be avoided, experiential education is now being touted as the remedy curative of legal education’s problems.
In this essay, I propose that effective implementation of experiential education must begin with training law students how to learn from experience during the first year of law school. After a brief review of the seismic shift that has taken lawyer training from doctrine-exclusive to skills-heavy in focus, I overview the reflective pedagogies and practices from which so many of the benefits of experiential education emanate. I also consider the ways in which two Australian law schools have added reflective skills learning to the first-year curriculum. Thereafter, I offer a prescription for carefully incorporating reflection into the first year as a means of readying students for the extensive legal training -- including clinics, externships, and simulation coursework -- that lies ahead. By adopting a comprehensive experiential curriculum starting right away, I argue, students will be permitted a deeper form of learning and be that much more practice-ready upon graduation.
A recent conversation with a 2L student gave me an insight into why some 1Ls are wordy writers. When students (and other writers) go on with excessive sentences, vague content, and questionable organization, sometimes it’s because they are not sure of what they are talking about. When they do not fully understand the content of what they are trying to say, their writing often becomes vague, wordy, and disorganized.
1L students are new to the law. No wonder they often are confused about the material with which they are grappling. As a result, their writing suffers.
For these students, pruning their prose is more than a matter of deleting needless words. Helping them to conquer wordiness requires a more sophisticated pedagogy.
Friday, September 12, 2014
A large study of undergrads suggests as much:
Nearly half of students have been assigned an e-textbook for a course, but they're not uniformly happy about it. Only 44 percent were at least somewhat or very happy using an e-book; 39 percent were somewhat or very unhappy. The researchers noted that dissatisfaction with e-textbooks appears to rise slightly as students progress through school.
You can read more here.
I would not be surprised if the results were the same for our students. Over the years, law book publishers have tried to promote ebooks, with limited success. I don’t know if the current effort will prove more successful.