May 4, 2010
The New York Appellate Division has agreed with a trial court order quashing a subpoena issued by the Commission on Judicial Conduct to the then New York County District Attorney. The genesis of the matter is described in the court's opinion:
Between October 20, 2006 and September 19, 2007, the Commission authorized investigations of four additional complaints against Justice W., one of which was the result of a letter submitted by then Chief Assistant District Attorney, James M. Kindler, and three which arose from the already existing investigation. According to intervenor-respondent Robert H. Tembeckjian, Administrator of the Commission and prosecutor of the case, "[a]ll of the new complaints alleged misconduct by [Justice W.] toward the Office of the District Attorney or individual Assistant District Attorneys or in cases being prosecuted by the District Attorney's Office."
The investigations led to three formal written complaints, pursuant to Judiciary Law § 44(4), which consisted of five charges: (1) that Justice W. made inappropriate personal and political comments from the bench; (2) that Justice W. failed to report misconduct of another judge; (3) that Justice W. improperly interfered with an application for a judicial appointment; (4) that Justice W. improperly failed to recuse himself from cases where his impartiality may be questioned; and (5) that Justice W. improperly accepted a jury verdict in the prosecutor's absence. In answers to the complaints, Justice W. asserted that Tembeckjian's conduct in proceeding against him was "politically motivated."
The subpoena was properly quashed:
Here, respondent has failed show that any testimony that the District Attorney could offer would be relevant or material to the subject matter of the charges, that is, Justice W.'s alleged misconduct. On the contrary, the record clearly indicates that the District Attorney's involvement was limited to permitting the Administrator to conduct interviews with certain members of his staff who might have information pertinent to an investigation of alleged judicial misconduct. The District Attorney asserts, and the Administrator concurs, that the District Attorney was neither the complainant nor the source of the information leading to the investigation.
The subject of the investigation demonstrates, at best, that the District Attorney allowed the Commission to approach possible witnesses on his staff and then kept himself informed as to the developments in the investigation. There is absolutely no indication in the record that the District Attorney witnessed any alleged misconduct nor had any factual information other than that provided by his staff.
Even were we to accept as true Justice W.'s contentions that the District Attorney had a political bias against him, and that he referred the complaints to the Commission himself, neither of these are relevant to the issue of Justice W.'s guilt or innocence of the misconduct charged. Even the amount and type of support the District Attorney may have provided to his staff in the matter has no bearing on the issue of Justice W.'s guilt or innocence. Hence, we find that the Referee applied an entirely erroneous standard when he stated he found a subpoena should issue because Kindler's testimony was "enough to raise some question as to whether the District Attorney was involved in this in any fashion" (emphasis added). Subpoenaing the District Attorney with the mere hope of developing relevant testimony once on the stand is precisely the kind of investigatory fishing expedition that the law forbids. (citation omitted)
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