Friday, February 8, 2013

Porter on Women and Unions

PorterNicole Porter (Toledo, visiting Denver) has just posted on SSRN her article Women, Unions, and Negotiation.  Here's the abstract:

Improving the working conditions of all American workers must include considering the voices of one group traditionally underrepresented in union ranks and leadership — women. In this paper, I explore the interrelationship between women, unions, and women’s willingness to negotiate. Despite the tumultuous history of women’s involvement in the unionized labor market, women’s participation in unions is increasing relative to men. Recent studies also reveal that women significantly benefit from union representation, even more significantly than men. One reason for this disparity is that many women have not been very successful in negotiating on their own behalf. For many reasons explored in this paper, many women have been socialized to be uncomfortable negotiating for what they deserve. Thus, women benefit by participating in unions, where the negotiation is done on their behalf, and we should be encouraging women’s involvement in unions. Furthermore, women are still grossly underrepresented in union leadership roles. Because studies show that women are more likely to join a union when there are more women leaders, increasing the number of female union leaders should lead to an increase in women’s participation in unions. More women in leadership roles also has the potential to improve the overall success of the union, garner more attention to issues important to women, and bring a new perspective to union/management negotiation. Even though the negotiation literature suggests that women are often unwilling to negotiate on their own behalf, this paper will demonstrate they are very willing to and effective at negotiating on behalf of others. Finally, I will demonstrate how effective women can be as leaders and advocates when they work together to reach a common goal.


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Among attorneys, too. I can count on the fingers of one hand the number of times I've encountered women attorneys representing unions in the 23 years I've been litigating cases.

And even one of them is now a man!

Posted by: James Young | Feb 8, 2013 4:03:51 PM

My union has tons of female attorneys, an a female President.

Posted by: Per Son | Feb 9, 2013 5:32:16 AM

The only woman General Counsel I can think of is Allison Beck, formerly with the IAM.

Posted by: James Young | Feb 9, 2013 3:42:01 PM


I believe the NEA, SEIU and AFL-CIO all currently have female General Counsels: Alice O'Brien, Judy Scott & Lynn Rhinehart respectively.

Posted by: Anon | Feb 10, 2013 6:44:42 PM

A cursory review of the AFL-CIO Lawyer's Coordinating Committee list of union-side lawyers would reveal many, many, many female attorneys. Even going back decades this is true (I'm sure James recalls Sarah Fox's career before the NLRB). While there has been sexism in the legal profession generally, it certainly has been no worse in the union-side bar than elsewhere in the legal world, and arguably it's been better for women representing unions, historically, than for women in other litigating fields.

But much more importantly, congrats to Nicole on an excellent and very timely article!

Posted by: Joseph Slater | Feb 11, 2013 12:47:16 PM

Wasn't aware of that, "Anon." Thanks for the info.

Posted by: James Young | Feb 13, 2013 7:33:29 PM

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