Monday, August 20, 2012
From the ILO's press release:
The ILO has received the 30th ratification of the Maritime Labour Convention, fulfilling the last condition for the first global standard that spans continents and oceans to go into effect in a year’s time.
The MLC was adopted unanimously in 2006 but there were two requirements still to be met before it could come into force. The ratification by Russia and the Philippines fulfills the requirement that at least 30 ILO member countries ratify the Convention. The other requirement - that ratifying countries represent 33 percent of the world’s gross shipping tonnage - was met in 2009.
The 30 countries represent nearly 60 percent of the shipping tonnage. This means that seafarers working on more than 50 per cent of the world’s international shipping will be covered by the new Convention.
Under the MLC, every seafarer has the right to:
- A safe and secure workplace that complies with safety standards.
- Fair terms of employment.
- Decent working and living conditions on board ship.
- Health protection, medical care, welfare measures and other forms of social protection.
Unsurprisingly, the U.S. has not ratified the MLC.