Monday, August 27, 2012
Charlotte Garden (Seattle) and Nancy Leong (Denver) have just posted on SSRN this new article: So Closely Intertwined: Labor and Racial Solidarity.
Here is the abstract:
Conventional wisdom tells us that labor unions and people of color are adversaries. Commentators, academics, politicians, and employers across a broad range of ideologies view the two groups’ interests as fundamentally opposed and their relationship as rightfully fraught with tension. For example, commentators assert that unions capture a wage premium that mostly benefits white workers while making it harder for workers of color to find work; that unions deprive workers of color of an effective voice in the workplace; and that unions are interested in workers of color only to the extent that they can showcase them to manufacture the appearance of racial diversity.
Like much conventional wisdom, the narrative that unions and people of color are rivals is flawed. In reality, labor unions and civil rights groups work together to advance a wide array of mutual interests; this work ranges from lobbying all levels of government to protesting working conditions across the country. Moreover, unions improve the lives of both members and non-members of color, from bargaining for better wages and working conditions to providing services like job training and continuing education to under-resourced communities.
Accordingly, we aim to replace the conventional wisdom with a narrative that more accurately describes the occasionally complicated but ultimately hopeful relationship between labor and race. In developing this narrative, we anchor our conclusions in an interdisciplinary literature that includes insights from legal, economic, psychological and sociological scholarly research. This extensive body of scholarship indicates that union membership has significant benefits for workers of color in the form of higher wages and improved benefits, more racially congenial workplaces, and deeper cross-racial understanding. We complement this robust scholarly literature with real-world examples of union success at improving the well-being of workers and communities of color. In contrast to many other commentators, then, our account is largely optimistic, though we emphasize that there is still work for the labor movement to do.
As the title suggests, this really important and timely article paints a largely optimistic (though occasionally complicated) picture of the relationship between labor unions and workers and communities of color. It also discusses the many narratives to the contrary, and some reasons for their persistence even as many unions have dramatically changed their orientation towards people of color.
As Charlotte and Nancy related to me, this new article builds on their past respective prior work -- Nancy's in Racial Capitalism (forthcoming in the Harvard Law Review), and Charlotte's in Labor Values are First Amendment Values (79 Fordham L. Rev. 2617 (2011)).
I have read both of the previous pieces (which were excellent) and this new article is a very original contribution to one of the most important issues today in labor law: how unions and people of color interact in a constructive way to advance their mutual civil rights agenda. Both groups need and depend on one another.
Needless to say, this is certainly worth a long read. Check it out!