Friday, September 23, 2005

NBER Report on Household Productivity

Hours Worked: Long-Run Trends
by Jeremy Greenwood, Guillaume Vandenbroucke - #11629

Abstract:

For 200 years the average number of hours worked per worker declined, both in the market place and at home. Technological progress is the engine of such transformation. Three mechanisms are stressed: (i) The rise in real wages and its corresponding wealth effect; (ii) The enhanced value of time off from work, due to the advent of time-using leisure goods; (iii) The reduced need for housework, due to the introduction of time-saving appliances. These mechanisms are incorporated into a model of household production. The notion of Edgeworth-Pareto complementarity/substitutability is key to the analysis. Numerical examples link theory and data. This note has been prepared for The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd edition, edited by Lawrence E. Blume and Steven N. Durlauf (London: Palgrave Macmillan).

- Joe Hodnicki

September 23, 2005 in Scholarship | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Thursday, September 22, 2005

Roberts, Lochner and Revolt

In John Roberts, Stare Decisis and the Return of Lochner: An Impetus to Jump-Start the Labor Movement, Matthew Ford, a law student at St. John's, parses Supreme Court Chief Justice nominee John Roberts' statements at his confirmation hearings "to the future and beyond":

Combining Roberts' willingness to overturn precedent absent the likelihood of disrupting "settled expectations" with his clearly pro-corporate attitude and history and his dodging of what he really thinks of Lochner, it is not hard to imagine that, without a firm labor movement and a clear indication that society would revolt against a return to the Lochner era, Roberts would not mind overturning longstanding precedent and taking us back to the days of laissez faire.

- Joe Hodnicki

September 22, 2005 in Beltway Developments | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Wednesday, September 21, 2005

Inflatable Rats Constitute Unlawful Picketing

The New York Post is reporting on a ALR ruling that holds that NYC unions' practice of using 20-foot tall inflatable rats to draw attention to non-union job sites constitutes unlawful picketing.

- Joe Hodnicki

September 21, 2005 in Labor Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Tuesday, September 20, 2005

CBO Report on PBGC

Monday, September 19, 2005

Election Set Aside due to Union Distribution of False Document

Albertson's Inc.
National Labor Relations Board
177 LRRM 1360, 344 NLRB No. 158
Case 28-RC-6300 
August 12, 2005

Although the NLRB declines to adopt a per se rule requiring elections to be set aside when forgeries are involved, the Board will set aside elections on a case-by-case basis if, under all circumstances of the case, employees were unable to recognize forgery for what it was. In this case, the election was set aside due to the union distribution of a forged letter which (1) contained material errors of fact by falsely referring to stores in cities in which the employer did not have stories; (2) used poor grammer; (3) and union agents remained silent despite clear evidence presented by the employer that the letter was not authentic.

- Joe Hodnicki

September 19, 2005 in Labor Law | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (1)

Sunday, September 18, 2005

State of American Labor Discussion at Toledo College of Law

From Press Release:

Rutgers Law Professor James Gray Pope will speak about “How American Workers Lost the Right to Strike and How They Will Win It Back” Monday, Sept. 19, at noon in the Law Center Auditorium.

Pope has written about how courts have historically used improper conceptions of constitutional property rights of employers to limit the rights of unions. These decisions have contributed significantly to the decline of the American labor movement, Pope writes.

He is the first of three speakers who will comment on the state of American labor this fall at the College of Law. University of Michigan Professor of Law Theodore J. St. Antoine, a noted scholar and practitioner especially in the area of arbitration, will be on campus in October, and Gerald McEntee, president of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, will be at UT in November.

- Joe Hodnicki

September 18, 2005 | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)